Assignment: Indigenous and cultural analysis

Assignment: Indigenous and cultural analysis
Assignment: Indigenous and cultural analysis
The phenomenal economic growth in East Asia has been spurred by educational transformations (Kim & Park, 2005). In Korea, for example, high-school enrollment is at 99%, and more than 80% of students enroll in a college or university (Park & Kim, 2004). The economic miracle of East Asia is closely tied to the educational aspirations and investment made by adolescents and their parents.
In international comparisons of academic achievement of middle-school students (National Center for Educational Statistics [NCES], 2000; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD], 2003), East Asian students are the top achievers in mathematics, science, and reading literacy. Students from Singapore are the top performers in mathematics, followed by those from Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Japan (NCES, 2000). In the sciences, Taiwanese students are the top performers, followed by students from Singapore, Hungary, Korea, and Japan. According to the OECD (2003), Japanese students are at the top in mathematics, Korean students are at the top in sciences, and both are near the top in reading literacy (Korea is ranked 6th and Japan 8th). U.S. students are ranked 19th in mathematics and 18th in sciences (NCES, 2000). According to the OECD (2003) survey, they are ranked 15th in reading literacy, 19th in mathematical literacy, and 14th in scientific literacy.
In Western countries, there are significant variations. In Europe, Finnish students do as well as East-Asian students and German students perform as poorly as American students. In North America, Canadian students perform much better than American students. Follow-up studies conducted in 2003 indicate a similar pattern of results (NCES, 2004; OECD, 2004). These findings baffle many psychologists since they are inconsistent with existing psychological theories. Traditional psychological and educational theories that emphasize biology (e.g., innate ability and IQ), individualistic values (e.g., intrinsic motivation, ability attribution, and self-esteem), and structural features (e.g., high educational spending, small class size, and individualized instruction) cannot explain the relatively poor performance of American students and high performance of East-Asian students.
First, although the U.S. government spends more money per student than its East-Asian counterparts, and although Americans schools have smaller classes, American students perform far below their East Asian counterparts. Second, although students in the United States perform poorly in mathematics and science, they have high self-esteem for these subjects. They are ranked first in self-esteem for science and fourth for mathematics (NCES, 2000). By contrast, East-Asian students have relatively low self-esteem: Korean students are ranked 32nd in self-esteem for mathematics and 21st for self-esteem in science, Japanese students are ranked 34th and 16th, respectively, and Taiwanese students 30th and 18th. A similar pattern of results has been found in follow-up studies (NCES, 2004; OCED, 2004), forcing researchers to question current conceptions of self-esteem and the validity of self-esteem measurements.
Third, as to the motivation for studying math, 41% of U.S. students strongly agreed with the statement that it is “to get the desired job.” However, only 10% of Korean students and 12% of Japanese students strongly agreed with this motivation (NCES, 2000). For Korean students, 85% agreed that it is to “enter a desired university” (social motivation) and 62% agreed that it is “to please their parents” (relational motivation). For Korean students, relational and social motivations outweighed personal motivation.
Fourth, in developmental psychology, Freudian, Piagetian, behavioral, and humanistic theories do not adequately examine the role played by parents. Attachment theory does examine the role of parents, with separation and individuation seen as necessary for the emergence of secure attachment (Rothbaum et al., 2000). In East Asia, parents play a central role in child development by defining the goals of socialization, teaching children the necessary cognitive, linguistic, relational, and social skills, and providing them with a supportive family environment. Parents play an important role throughout a child’s life, and maintenance of strong familial relationships is the key to education, economic success, and quality of life.
Fifth, concepts such as guilt have quite a different connotation and use in East Asia (Azuma, 1986; Park & Kim, 2004). In many, but not all Western psychological theories, guilt is presumed to reflect irrational beliefs, neurotic fears, or forbidden wishes. The extensive experience of guilt is believed to cause developmental problems in adolescence. In East Asia, it is considered appropriate for children to feel guilty or indebted to their parents for all of the devotion, indulgence, sacrifice, and love that they have received (Azuma, 1986; Ho, 1986; Park & Kim, 2004). Children feel indebted to their parents because they cannot repay their parents for what their parents have bestowed upon them. Guilt in East Asia is viewed as an important interpersonal emotion that promotes filial piety, achievement motivation, and relational closeness.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Assignment: Indigenous and cultural analysis
Get a 15% discount on this Paper
Order Essay
Quality Guaranteed

With us, you are either satisfied 100% or you get your money back-No monkey business

Check Prices
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know that being a student these days is hard. Because of this, our prices are some of the lowest on the market.

Instead, we offer perks, discounts, and free services to enhance your experience.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Upload assignment instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Get personalized services with My Paper Support
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
We appreciate every review and are always looking for ways to grow. See what other students think about our do my paper service.
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Thank you so much.
Customer 452701, June 28th, 2023
Customer 452813, June 20th, 2022
Great work! I can tell they put great effort in completing this assignment. Thank you.
Customer 452707, October 14th, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Well written paper. Thank you so much.
Customer 452701, September 25th, 2023
Thanks for your support
Customer 452701, February 3rd, 2022
Great job on the paper!
Customer 452885, December 14th, 2022
Thank you so much for all the help, I really appreciate it!
Customer 452631, November 3rd, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent Work
Customer 452587, November 22nd, 2021
Excellent work! Thank you again!
Customer 452707, December 20th, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Thank you
Customer 452701, November 1st, 2022
Strategic Management
Thanks for the help, really appreciate it
Customer 452821, September 8th, 2022
Thank You
Customer 452643, October 24th, 2021
Enjoy affordable prices and lifetime discounts
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Order Now Order in Chat

Kick Off the New Semester with Unmatched Homework Support. Order now at a 20% discount