Viral skin diseases were eradicated through vaccination programs, however, I believe they are resurfacing such as Smallpox, Poliomyelitis (polio), malaria, and hookworm for reasons such as parents/ guardians not vaccinating a child or it can also be because of travelers reintroducing the diseases. The World Health Organization, a United Nations specialized agency in charge of universal public health, reported that the rise in measles is a direct result of anti-vaccination movements (WHO 2020). According to the CDC, you can help prevent your child from as many as 14 diseases before the age of 2!Malaria is an endemic in West Africa (Cowan 2017), caused by a microorganism that is spread by mosquitoes and kills between 440,000 and 700,000 people worldwide each year. Since mosquitoes are most aggressive in the nighttime, the safest way for inhabitants of developed countries to prevent infection with the malaria-causing agent is to sleep under a bed net (Cowan 2017). According to the CDC (2020), “Africa is the most affected due to a combination of factors: A very efficient mosquito (Anopheles gambiae complex) is responsible for high transmission. The predominant parasite species is Plasmodium falciparum , which is the species that is most likely to cause severe malaria and death.”Fun Fact (but no so fun): Before the time of antibiotics, doctors reasoned that patients who had syphilis should be treated with malaria, in which the high temperature would kill the relatively fragile bacterium, and then they could cure the patient of the malaria with quinine. It performed on occasion; of course, once antibiotics became available, this practice became obsolete. Being infected with malaria has been used to also treat patients with HIV (1990s), and even more recently, Lyme Disease (Cowan 2017).Ebola is a virus (that was seen more in Africa although other countries have had cases as well) that can cause extensive bleeding, organ failure, and even death; unfortunately on the rise. Ebola has a high death rate, and other diseases which can cause long-term disabilities such as polio, neonatal rubella. By contact with body fluids such as blood, humans will transmit the virus to other humans. Fever, fatigue, body pain, and chills are among the first symptoms. Internal bleeding can occur later, resulting in bloody vomiting or coughing. According to the CDC (2020), “Factors like population growth, encroachment into forested areas, and direct interaction with wildlife (such as bushmeat consumption) may have contributed to the spread of the Ebola virus. Since its discovery in 1976, the majority of cases and outbreaks of Ebola Virus Disease have occurred in Africa.”There are currently no vaccines for malaria or ebola.The CDC is in charge of preventing the development and transmission of infectious diseases, as well as providing advice and support to other countries and foreign organizations in order to help them improve their disease prevention and control, environmental protection, and health promotion efforts.
Initial Post InstructionsSome microorganisms like Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Yesinia pestis, E. coli can cause diseases of different body systems. Let’s investigate how the same pathogen is responsible for different pathophysiological symptoms. First, choose a microorganism found in multiple systems. Then, describe your pathogen’s role in disease for one body system: report the disease caused, the normal function of that system, pathophysiological symptoms, and the virulence factor(s) that contribute(s) to the diseased state.
You are a member of a forensic team that just finished gathering samples from a crime scene for which someone is being accused of breaking into the house and possibly attacking a female. The female victim was home alone when she heard a noise and went to investigate. A man was found running from the neighborhood a few blocks away when the police arrived. They arrested him, pending the outcome of the forensic investigation. Your forensic team surveyed the crime scene area and gathered evidence to take to the lab for investigation. The evidence consisted of broken glass, stains from carpet, furniture and clothing, and drinking glasses.AssignmentsAddress the following in 45 pages:How will the evidence be delivered to the lab for testing? Explain.How would you test for the following body fluids on each of the pieces of evidence (explain in detail):BloodSemenSalivaDescribe what a positive test for each of the samples would indicate.Be very descriptive in your examination.How are the tests for the 3 above body fluids similar? Explain.How are the tests for the 3 above body fluids different? Explain.
Nonproliferation & Verification 25 PointsPart A. What are the key factors that have motivated the development of biological weapons by states since its inception? What are the key factors that have led states to abandon biological weapon programs since the BWC came into effect? Explain why the verification protocol for the BWC collapsed in 2001. Explain why the U.S. opposed the protocol even to this day, after several presidents and their administrations have come and gone? Use historical and contemporary examples to support you argument.Part B. No new states have been added to public lists of countries with probable or knowledge of biological weapons programs in recent years. Since all of you have written that the BWC has “no teeth,” to what do you attribute the restraint in biological weapons proliferation among states? Do you expect it to continue? Be sure to discuss the potential roles of strategy, science, arms control and norms in such decisions.
For this assignment, you will need to evaluate the bolded statement below. You do not need to do any outside research, but if you do use outside sources be sure to include a full citation at the end of your paper so that the reader can easily locate the source. As usual, you can agree, disagree or agree in part and disagree in part with the statement. A good essay will begin with a strong statement of your thesis and will then support your thesis with facts and ideas that we have covered in the course so far. All essays should be completely free of typos and mechanical errors. Your paper cannot exceed 900 words in length. Any writing beyond 900 words will not be read or considered for evaluation.Brown v. Board of Education was an unjustified grab for political power by the U.S. Supreme Court. The decision violated classical republican norms by dictating policy to democratically elected state legislatures. It violated classical liberal norms by replacing one form of required social ordering segregation with another required form integration- instead of leaving citizens free to choose with whom to associate. It violated common law norms by overturning a long-standing precedent without finding that Plessys reasoning was defective. The only justification for the decision was a weak appeal to social science. In Brown, the Court exceeded the constitutions limits on U.S. Supreme Court authority and unconstitutionally pre-empted state legislative prerogatives.
You have the option to complete a short paper summarizing and critiquing a magazine, newspaper, or online article on a contemporary topic in biology. The paper must be at least three pages in length, #11 font, minimum of 1.5-spaced, and include a summary and critique of the article. You must include a complete citation for the article at the end of the paper, and paraphrase or quote from the article as needed. The paper is due at 10 pm 4/2/2021. All about neatness and compete with minimal mechanical and grammatical errors.The link for the article is :
Forensic biology is a scientific method of examining, testing, and probing evidence from a crime scene investigation. When you review the history of forensics, you see that there are varying timelines. The history, as compiled by the American College of Forensic Examiners, began as early as the 4,000 BCE. The modern association of forensic biology has been developed into many subdivisions such as toxicology, pathology, anthropology, and odontology, just to name a few.Address the following in your main post:In your own words, what is the definition of forensic biology? Explain.Which of the major subfields do you feel is the most important to forensic biology? Explain.Examples can include serology, entomology, odontology, etc.If you must select 1, which of the following developmental stages of forensic biology do you feel is the most important to the field? Explain why.Antigen polymorphismProtein polymorphismDNA polymorphismHow might each of the above be used in an investigation to clear or convict a criminal? Provide 1 example for each.
Rob and his friends were experimenting with the hallucinogenic Amanita mushrooms, and he experienced a sudden drop in blood pressure. Which of the following is the best explanation for Robs symptoms?a. The muscarine in the mushrooms interacted with dopaminergic receptors in Robs peripheral nervous system.b. The nicotine in the mushrooms interacted with cholinergic receptors in Robs central nervous system.c. The muscarine in the mushrooms interacted with cholinergic receptors in Robs peripheral nervous system.d. The muscarine in the mushrooms interacted with cholinergic receptors in Robs central nervous system.
Choose two of the puzzles that Dr. Gushee shared with us and using either his own definition (above) or principles of deontology, virtue theory, and/or utilitarianism, write a reflective response to the questions posed in Dr. Gushees puzzles. You may support your response with our textbook (chapters available on Canvas), the Bible, or other sources, but please cite the information you use in support of your response. Your response should be a minimum of 1 pages (no more than 3), so please be concise, but also frame a logical, coherent response. Do NOT retype the puzzles; just state the puzzle number in your opening paragraph.Several of his 17 puzzles are listed below and appear on pp. 33-36 of his book.1. Does the elevation of each and every human being to special dignity and rank require or imply a denigration of other species? How does this old-new Christian tradition of human lifes sacredness relate to the value of other forms of life? Can it be sustained alongside proper valuing of Gods creation and its other species?2. Is the focus of the sacredness of human life on the human individual, community or species? Or even some aspect of the individual, such as the human body, the human spirit, or even the human personality or human potential?3. What does it mean to say that the sacredness of human life applies without exception in all circumstances? Does this include the developing human in the womb? The embryo in the lab? The human being lingering in a persistent vegetative state?4. What does it mean to say that human beings are incalculably precious? Is this the same as infinite or immeasurable? Can any kind of price be put on a human life? Are some human lives ever worth more than others?5. What exactly makes human life so precious and sacred? Is it some quality, capacity, or particular set of characteristics that (most) humans have? Is it possible for a human being to lose whatever characteristics or qualities make him or her worthy of the designation sacred?6. Does human behavior matter at all to ascribing sacredness to someone? Can a human being behave in such as way as to forfeit his or her sacredness? Or at least forfeit the respect and protection that goes with that status, as defined here? Does the mass murderer or perpetrator of genocide still hold sacred worth?7. The definition never uses the word person. Can there ever be a difference between a human being and a person? What about the distinction that is sometimes drawn between potential and actual human beings and/or persons?8. Is it possible to specify minimum and maximum obligations to human beings? Respect sounds so minimal in comparison with reverence. Are some human beings worthy of respect and others of reverence? Could different obligations be related to different relationships, such as the differences between a parent-child relationship and that of two strangers on a subway?9. The definition speaks of protecting human life from wanton destruction but does not say killing or destruction of an innocent human being. Does belief in the sacredness of human life require rejection of any and all violence?10. These claims are grounded in divine revelation, Scripture, and Christ. But what weight can they carry for those who do not accept such authorities? Could the ethic survive if it were retrofitted back to the analytical definition and stripped of all the religious language and authority? Could secular people embrace at least the spirit of this ethic? As a matter of historical fact, have they done so? Does secularization of this ethic change it in any fundamental way?11. Christians have purportedly received this moral obligation through ancient divine revelation. How have they done with it? Have they always recognized and lived by it? What has gone right, and what has gone wrong in their effort to advance lifes sacredness? What can history tell us?
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