Criminal Justice Paper

Analyze the case study in the text “Mandatory Minimum Sentences and Drug Offenders” on page 216 and copied below and  answer all the case study questions that follow it.  In Alleyene v. United States (2013), the Supreme Court ruled that before any mandatory minimum sentence can be handed down, it must be shown that the defendant did in fact exhibit behavior that would trigger a mandatory minimum sentence. This has, in part, changed the prosecution process at the federal level and requires that all relevant information concerning a criminal defendant be included in a charging document. Juries or judges must be shown that a defendant’s actions are culpable before any mandatory minimum penalty can be imposed. For prosecutors, this means further deliberations on what cases are warranted for mandatory minimum sentence recommendations to judges and juries. Where mandatory minimum cases have been especially problematic is in criminal drug cases, especially at the federal level of government where criminal prosecutions for drug offenses began in earnest in the late 1980s and went somewhat unabated until the Alleyene decision. Subsequent to the decision, Attorney General Eric Holder issued an opinion that directed U.S. Attorneys to reevaluate how mandatory minimum sentence recommendations are pursued in the federal courts. For many, the Alleyene decision is the beginning of reexamining the role of federal prosecutors in addressing the thorny problem of drug usage in America. Attorney General Holder in his opinion suggested specific criteria for prosecutors as they assess whether or not a particular case deserves a mandatory minimum sentence recommendation. The new policy directs U.S. Attorneys to reexamine carefully their existing charging policies and the importance of drug quality and quantity in a charging decision, as well as timing and plea agreements, advocacy at sentencing, and recidivist enhancements. Attorney General Holder is asking federal prosecutors to think differently about drug prosecution and to produce other practices and outcomes from what has been done the past 25 years, which was aggressive prosecution of both users and dealers of illegal drugs and handing down long prison sentences. Attorney General Holder was not only guided by the Alleyene decision but also possibly by a changing climate in America regarding drug enforcement and the role of the criminal justice system in addressing drug use, abuse, and addiction. Placed in the context of legislative changes occurring around medical marijuana and even the legalization of the possession of small amounts of marijuana in some states (Colorado and Washington in 2012) through public referendum, Attorney General Holder and his boss, the president of the United States, were facing stiff pressure from an American public that saw drug enforcement and prosecution as not being the answer to the drug problem. In some cases, the American public viewed drug enforcement and prosecution as the problem, costing the federal government and the states billions of dollars. In addition, in 2008, the economy tanked. The federal government and the states were strapped for cash. Pursuing a drug war through the criminal justice system was costly and inefficient. Both conservatives and liberals were calling for a scaling back on criminal justice efforts to address illegal drug use. With this changing political landscape came also the realization that since 2008 the federal government had become parsimonious in its arrest and prosecution of persons consuming marijuana for medical reasons. While the federal government still had the authority to prosecute marijuana users under federal law, states were making marijuana available to persons by a doctor’s prescription through state law, the grandest adventure in the state of California. For some, the writing was on the wall: The drug war was over. In such a changing political environment, Attorney General Holder’s view on criminal prosecution of drug offenders and those deserving mandatory minimum sentences has changed significantly and may represent a new and bold form of leadership. Case Study Questions What do you think about the prominent role of the criminal justice system in drug enforcement? Is it time to rethink the role the criminal justice system has played in dealing with society’s drug problem? Why is leadership so important in this discussion? What difficulties do criminal justice administrators face when societal expectations change so dramatically in such a short period of time? How and why does criminal justice leadership matter in such a situation? Is Attorney General Holder’s change in prosecution policies for federal prosecutors simply a reactive strategy, or is it a proactive attempt to improve federal criminal prosecution policies and practices? Your response should be a minimum of two pages typed – double spaced. Cover pages and reference pages DO NOT count in this two page requirement. Your paper must be submitted in an APA format with references as appropriate.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Criminal Justice Paper
Get a 15% discount on this Paper
Order Essay
Quality Guaranteed

With us, you are either satisfied 100% or you get your money back-No monkey business

Check Prices
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know that being a student these days is hard. Because of this, our prices are some of the lowest on the market.

Instead, we offer perks, discounts, and free services to enhance your experience.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Upload assignment instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
s
Get personalized services with My Paper Support
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
We appreciate every review and are always looking for ways to grow. See what other students think about our do my paper service.
Nursing
This is great! Thank you
Customer 452679, December 16th, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Thank You!
Customer 452587, November 17th, 2021
Other
Great
Customer 452813, January 21st, 2024
Nursing
Thank you so much for being the best website for assignment help.
Customer 452635, June 24th, 2022
Education
Great
Customer 452813, June 29th, 2023
Nursing
Great! Thanks again!
Customer 452707, July 4th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Great Work!
Customer 452587, March 16th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent Work
Customer 452587, November 22nd, 2021
Social Work and Human Services
Thank You! Great Work!
Customer 452587, September 14th, 2021
Other
GREAT JOB THANK YOU.
Customer 452813, July 18th, 2022
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Thank you so much.
Customer 452701, October 11th, 2023
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Could've been more wordage but the paper is accepatable.
Customer 452701, August 23rd, 2023
Enjoy affordable prices and lifetime discounts
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Order Now Order in Chat

Ensure originality, uphold integrity, and achieve excellence. Get FREE Turnitin AI Reports with every order.