Factors That Contribute to Incarceration Rates | Instant Homework Help
Write an article on factors that contribute to incarceration rates Paper must be at least 2750 words. Please, no plagiarized work! With such high incarceration rates, it is important to look for the reasons behind these great numbers.Such factors that will be considered to influence incarceration rates are education, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, as well as military service history. We will also look at factors already related to incarceration, such as failure to reintegration after release, and parental imprisonment as affecting juveniles.Researchers first point at the influence of demographic factors on incarceration. Stephens et al. undertook a two-year study of 233 male inmates in Georgia, to know what demographic traits predict incarceration. They found that education and race/ethnicity affected incarceration, as 37.5% of respondents did not finish high school, and African American males 2.6 times more likely than Whites (7). This is similar to Dannerbecks 2005 finding that 62% of 912 juvenile delinquents were African American, and of the 31% with a history of parental incarceration, 70% are African American (199). In 2000, Wester and Wildeman found that about 1.2% of white children had a father in prison, compared to 3.5% for Hispanics, and 10.4% for African Americans (233). Wester & Wildeman also observed that the incarceration rate is twice as high for white males with only high school education, with one in five non-college black men incarcerated as well. The authors suggest that those unable to hold steady jobs because of a lack of skills and training and enter steady relationships are more likely to be involved in criminal behavior. This correlation between education and incarceration risk is detailed further when comparing high school graduates and dropouts, the latter sample is 60-70% likely to go to prison (231). In fact, when considering ethnicity, black men are more likely to have prison records than to carry a bachelors degree. .