[SOLVED] Forensics and The Internet
Cybercrime, Cyber Forensics, and the InternetStudents NameInstitutional AffiliationCourse CodeInstructors NameDateCybercrime, Cyber Forensics, and the InternetCybercrime refers to any illegal or criminal activities that entail the use of a computer, network, or networked device. These illegal activities are either carried out to generate profit or to generate to directly disable or damage them by spreading malware or any other illegal materials. Cyber forensics also referred to as computer forensics are techniques used for investigation and analysis to collect and preserve evidence in computers in a suitable method for presentation in a court of law. Cybercrime is often committed through the internet. The internet is a wide network that enables computer networks all over the world to efficiently communicate with each other. Criminals involved in these unlawful behaviors are referred to as hackers. Cybercrimes have different categories. Some of the categories defined as cybercrimes include online predatory crimes, and the rampant unauthorized access to computers.Cyber-terrorism is also a major source of concern and a serious crime in the internet platform.The history of cybercrime is closely related to the evolution of the internet. Cybercrimes started as a simple attempt to steal information from local networks. The evolution of the internet resulted in more established and complex hacking trends. During the late ’80s cybercrime was established where the criminals attempted to hack into email accounts by allowing hosts of scams or malware delivered into individuals’ inboxes. With the advancement of web browsers in the 1990s, the next wave in cybercrime history occurred. There were many more options at the time, many more than recent times, and almost all were likely to get viruses which are acquired from internet connections as questionable sites were visited. The introduction of social media sited catalyzed the growth of cybercrime in the early 2000s. The most recent wave of cybercrime is the development of a worldwide criminal organization worth nearly a half-trillion dollars per year. These cybercriminals work in gangs, using well-developed techniques, and target every internet user (MUJOVI?, 2020).Cyber forensics was later labeled as digital forensics where the first technicians in the late 1990s were law enforcement officers and began working in the FBI Computer Analysis and Response Team. The required individuals in the law enforcement agencies together with specialists from outside, recognized that cyber forensics, necessary standard techniques, rules and regulations, and procedures. These formal structures were inexistence apart from informal guidelines and were needed to be developed immediatelyData is regarded as a commodity by legal and illegal actors, online and offline. As a result, cybercriminals aim for the online stored data. The commission of many cybercrimes perceive data as a fundamental factor since it is not properly protected making it an easy target to allow the criminals to obtain it illegally. Breaching of data cases occurred as a result of poor system and data security, lost encrypted flash drives and other storage devices, unauthorized database access or exceeding authorized database access, and unintentional disclosure or publication of important data (Kiener Manu, 2019).Cyber forensics is notably an emerging platform of information security. In today’s crime scenes, there are a plethora of possibilities aside from the ordinary investigations of physical fingerprints or footprints and blood splatter analysis. In precise terms, as technology advances, cybercrime has become a major issue. Cybercriminals are often difficult to trail since they leave few or no physical traces (Rahaman, 2019). Subsequently, investigators are dependent on cyber forensics to come up with a remedy to these cybercrimes. A cyber forensic experts have the mandate to analyze the gathered data and present the findings to the appropriate authorities.Legal frameworks, such as legislation and regulations, authorize the nation to establish the necessary response mechanisms for cybercrime investigation and prosecution. The primary goal is to have adequate legislation to deal with the evolving nature of cybercrime. Every county has its legal system which has a great impact the development of criminal law on cybercrime. The systems include civil law, common law, legal pluralism, religious law, and customary law (Kiener Manu, 2019). Every state has its way to penalize different types of behavior by defining several elements of the crime. On the other hand, states penalize similar behaviors, but the laws may have dissimilar opinions as to what mental state renders them blameworthy for the actions (Kiener Manu, 2019).A single successful cyber-attack often has server consequences, including financial losses, and theft of intellectual property (IP). The annual adverse pecuniary consequences of cybercrime on the community and state government is often estimated to be in billions. Cyber criminals have various ways of using technology in their illegal activities. (Kiener Manu, 2019). Scammers and other miscreants consider the Internet as a great tool because it allows them to conduct their business while remaining incognito while they are online. These illegal activities has an impact on society in a several ways, online and offline such as security costs, monetary losses, and piracy.Cybercriminals take full advantage of the Internet’s incognito nature, and interconnectedness, and secrecy hence uses these loopholes to attack the foundations of the modern information community (MUJOVI?, 2020). Computer viruses, Botnets, cyberbullying, malware, intentional cyber stalking, service attacks denial, cyberterrorism, identity theft, malware, and spam are all examples of cybercrime. Law enforcement have a cumbersome work in putting up with these law breakers, who cost the worldwide economy financial instability. Police force are attempting to implement a similar use of the same tools that cybercriminals employ when committing crimes to prevent them and bring the perpetrators to justice.
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