Quantitative vs Qualitative Research Methodologies

Respond to two posts. First post Quantitative research originates from the positivist paradigm (Keele, 2012). Some main tenets of the positivist worldview are that a single reality exists and can be measured, cause and effect relationships can be tested, and research can be conducted objectively (Keele, 2012). According to Polit and Beck (2016), positivism was the paradigm that dominated nursing research for decades. Quantitative research is a “formal, objective, deductive approach to problem solving” (Keele, 2012, p. 35). Other characteristics of quantitative research include numbers and statistical analyses, theory testing, and a concise and narrow focus (Keele, 2012). The four quantitative designs are descriptive, correlational, quasi-experimental, and experimental (Keele, 2012). According to Keele (2012), “descriptive studies are designed to gain more information about characteristics of a topic of interest” and “is most appropriate when very little research is available on the topic” (p. 38). Correlational designs are used to study relationships between variables (Keele, 2012). Quasi-experimental designs are used to examine causality, but lack randomization of the sample (Keele, 2012). Experimental designs, also known as randomized control trials (RCTs), are the “gold standard for research and evidence-based nursing practice” (Keele, 2012, p. 41). Experimental designs must include randomization of samples, control of treatment/intervention, and treatment and control groups (Keele, 2012). Quantitative research is considered a hard science (Keele, 2012).  Qualitative research originates from the naturalist paradigm (Keele, 2012). A main tenet of the naturalist worldview is that “there are multiple realities that are continually changing, which make it very difficult to measure” (Keele, 2012, p. 35). Other assumptions of the naturalist worldview are that research is subjective, findings cannot be generalized beyond the study sample, and cause and effect relationships can not be tested (Keele, 2012). Qualitative research is an “informal, subjective, inductive approach to problem solving” (Keele, 2012, p. 35). Other characteristics of qualitative research include a complex and broad focus, theory development, words and narrative as the basis of analysis, and meaning and discovery as the basis of knowing (Keele, 2012). The most common qualitative designs are phenomenology, grounded theory, and ethnography. Phenomenology is used to explore everyday life experiences (Keele, 2012). Grounded theory is utilized to develop theory (Keele, 2012). Ethnography focuses on the culture of a group of people (Keele, 2012). Qualitative research is considered a soft science (Keele, 2012)   second post Quantitative research developed from the positivism nursing paradigm (Polit & Beck, 2016, p. 9). “Adherents of positivism assume that nature is basically ordered and regular and that reality exists independent of human observation” (Polit & Beck, 2016, p. 9). Furthermore, “the positivists’ scientific approach involves using orderly, disciplined procedures with tight controls of the research situation to test hunches about the phenomena being studied” (Polit & Beck, 2016, p. 9). Quantitative researchers use a systematic approach, implementing control strategies in order to gather empirical evidence, or objective data obtained via the senses (Polit & Beck, 2016, p. 11). Keele (2012) further defines quantitative research as an objective process utilizing deductive reasoning and statistical analysis to test theories concerning observed cause and effect relationships in a single reality (p. 36). There are four types of quantitative research design, descriptive, correlational, quasi-experimental, and experimental (Keele, 2012, p. 38). Each are preceded by a level of research questions (Dickoff & James, 1968, as cited in Keele, 2012, p. 38). Level one questions consist of factor-isolating questions, which are best answered using descriptive studies (Keele, 2012, p. 38). “Descriptive studies are designed to gain more information about characteristics of a topic of interest” (Keele, 2012, p. 38). Level two, or factor-relating questions, use correlational study designs to answer questions about relationships between factors (Keele, 2012, p. 39). Furthermore, situation-relating questions are categorized into level three (Keele, 2012, p. 40). “These types of questions are best answered through quasi-experimental designs where the researcher is evaluating some intervention” (Keele, 2012, p. 40). Lastly, “situation-producing researchable questions are the highest level of inquiry, requiring the most control by the researcher” (Keele, 2012, p. 41). Therefore, a more structured and regulated research design is needed. “Often called a randomized control trial (RCT), and experimental research design is the “gold standard” for research and evidence-based nursing practice” (Keele, 2012, p. 41). No matter what quantitative research design is used, both external and internal validity are needed to measure the success of a study (Keele, 2012, p. 42). “Internal validity refers to whether or not the manipulation of the independent variable really makes a significant difference on the dependent variable” (Keele, 2012, p. 42). Whereas, external validity refers to how well the study’s findings can be generalized and applied to a larger population (Keele, 2012, p. 42).            Qualitative research was birthed out of the constructivist paradigm (Polit & Beck, 2016, p. 12). “Researchers in constructivist traditions emphasize the inherent complexity of humans, their ability to shape and create their own experiences, and the idea that truth is a composite of realities” (Polit & Beck, 2016, p. 12). As a result, qualitative research entails the gathering of narratives and subjective data in order to understand the human experience (Polit & Beck, 2016, p. 12). This method of research is contrasting to that of quantitative research, which utilizes statistical analysis an objective data (Keele, 2012, p. 36). Keele (2012) discusses three of the most widely used qualitative designs, ethnography, phenomenology, and grounded theory (p. 44). “Ethnographies focus on studying the culture of a group of people” (Keele, 2012, p. 47). “They involve the description and interpretation of that culture’s behavior” (Keele, 2012, p. 47). Additionally, “phenomenology is an approach to exploring people’s everyday life experiences” (Keele, 2012, p. 46). Finally, grounded theory uncovers patterns that facilitate further date collection and apply meaning to a study’s outcomes (Keele, 2012, p. 47). Furthermore, like internal and external validity in quantitative research, the success of a qualitative study is measured by truth-value and applicability. “To achieve truth-value, a qualitative study must present a faithful description or interpretation of the human experience so that people having that experience can identify with it” (Keele, 2012, p. 49). A qualitative study’s applicability refers to its generalizability and how well it can be applied to a larger sample size, similar to external validity (Keele, 2012, p. 49).

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Quantitative vs Qualitative Research Methodologies
Get a 15% discount on this Paper
Order Essay
Quality Guaranteed

With us, you are either satisfied 100% or you get your money back-No monkey business

Check Prices
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know that being a student these days is hard. Because of this, our prices are some of the lowest on the market.

Instead, we offer perks, discounts, and free services to enhance your experience.
Sign up, place your order, and leave the rest to our professional paper writers in less than 2 minutes.
step 1
Upload assignment instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
s
Get personalized services with My Paper Support
One writer for all your papers
You can select one writer for all your papers. This option enhances the consistency in the quality of your assignments. Select your preferred writer from the list of writers who have handledf your previous assignments
Same paper from different writers
Are you ordering the same assignment for a friend? You can get the same paper from different writers. The goal is to produce 100% unique and original papers
Copy of sources used
Our homework writers will provide you with copies of sources used on your request. Just add the option when plaing your order
What our partners say about us
We appreciate every review and are always looking for ways to grow. See what other students think about our do my paper service.
ENVIRONMENT SCIENCE
great
Customer 452813, June 26th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Excellent! Done earlier than needed and with more sources than needed! Great work!
Customer 452485, August 22nd, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Thanks for the paper. Hopefully this one will receive higher than a C and has followed all guidelines.
Customer 452701, November 16th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Thank you
Customer 452559, July 2nd, 2021
Other
GOOD
Customer 452813, July 5th, 2022
Technology
The paper is everything I needed and more. I will add a title and a cover page to it. Other than that the paper turned out excellent.
Customer 452885, October 17th, 2022
Technology
Excellent job on the paper!
Customer 452885, December 28th, 2022
Criminal Justice
Excellent Work!!!
Customer 452587, March 10th, 2022
Other
nice
Customer 452813, June 25th, 2022
Nursing
Writer went above and beyond. Can't believe how much work they put in for the price.
Customer 452707, July 10th, 2022
Other
GOOD
Customer 452813, July 5th, 2022
History
thank you so much for the help, I really appreciate that.
Customer 452725, February 13th, 2022
Enjoy affordable prices and lifetime discounts
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Order Now Order in Chat

Start off on the right foot this semester. Get expert-written solutions at a 20% discount