Assignment: Health Safety Work Act

Assignment: Health Safety Work Act
Assignment: Health Safety Work Act
Assignment: Health Safety Work Act
Week 7 discussion Discussion Part One As an Advanced Practice Nurse, you will care for patients who are at risk for opioid abuse or addiction. Please research and present the incidence of opioid abuse specific to your geographic area and provide evidence of risk, relative risk, and odds ratio in relation to opioid abuse, and if specific risks have been identified for a specific population(s). Discussion Part Two Please identify one local prevention or screening program tied specifically to opioid abuse / addiction and provide a brief overview of the purpose, program, and ongoing surveillance or evaluation of success. Discussion Part Three Please provide a summary of the case or information you have discussed this week and how you will incorporate these findings in your practice as an APRN.
The Health & Safety at Work etc. Act. 1974 has, for nearly 20 years, required
employers to take “reasonably practicable” precautions in various areas to
safeguard employees.
To do this and to ensure that “reasonable practicable” precautions are taken it is
necessary to make a balanced judgement about the extent of the risk and its
consequences against the time, trouble and cost of the steps needed to remove or
reduce it.
It can be said that the steps are not necessary only if the cost is “grossly
disproportionate”. With the introduction of the Management of Health and Safety
at Work Regulations 1992, employers now have to record significant results and the
information based upon the assessments are given to employees in a much more
specific way.
Benefits of Risk Assessment
• to enable control measures to be devised.
• to gain an idea of the relative importance of risks.
• to take decisions on controls which are cost effective and appropriate.
According to the Health and Safety Executive:
“Risk assessment is not end to itself. it is a means to better management of safety.
it is a thinking process which enables management of determined priorities and
allocate resources in a way which will better control or eliminate risks to health and
safety at work ”.
Risks are in multiple forms:
• materials
• managers
• machinery
• working environment
• natural forces
• other people
Effects of uncontrolled risks:-
• damaged materials/machinery, production, output and quality
• injured people
• polluted environment
The process of risk assessment involves:-
• Hazard details
• Applicable standards
• Evaluation of risks
• Preventive measures
• Review dates/feedback details
Regulation 3 of the Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1992/1999
“ Every employer shall make a suitable and sufficient assessment of:
• the risks to the health and safety of his (sic) employees to which they are
exposed while they are at work; and
• the risks to the health and safety of persons not in his employment arising
out of or in connection with the conduct by him or his undertaking:
for the purposes of identifying the measures he needs to take to comply
with the requirements and prohibitions imposed upon him by or under the
relevant statutory provisions”.
The findings must be recorded if five or more are employed.

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