Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health

Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health I need support with this Health & Medical question so I can learn better. Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health Hi I have a paper already, just need to add more. Topic :The effect of Patient-Driven payment model (PDPM) on quality care in nursing homes. purpose statement (Similar to what I have ) Create research questions based on secondary data (D) Create research questions Research questions are generated from the problem statement and lead to the determination of what needs to be done in a study and how it will be accomplished. The research question(s) also inform(s) the research design, and comprises one section of the Prospectus. (List 2) Evaluate the independent, dependent, and confounding variables related to research questions Utilize secondary data. Select variables in the data set that could be used to answer the research question you have created, and determine potential confounding variables that would also need to be considered. Nature of the study Framework don’t do the following -Problem statement – -Background ( list of references ) ddha8246_week7_prospectus.d Assignment: Revised Doctoral Study Prospectus The effect of Patient-Driven payment model (PDPM) on quality care in nursing homes. Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health Problem Statement The world’s population is rapidly aging and the number of elderly people is increasing daily( Manav, Ye?ilot, Demirci,& Öztunç, 2018). 1.4 million Americans are living in a nursing home. Unfortunately, thousands of them are evicted against their wishes simply because of their eligibility status.It is a troubling trend statewide as the senior population is growing , nursing home facilities are closing down.The primary contributor of these closures is the low Medicaid reimbursement rate(s). Majority of the nursing homes are run by large corporate chains that operate multiple facilities throughout the country.It is illegal to discriminate against residents’ based on payment source. Medicare and Medicaid subsidize different amounts. Medicare pays more. However , Medicare is not for long term purposes since it will only cover certain days. Medicare only covers short-term rehabilitation: up to 20 days for 100% after that you have to pay for the copayment. As of 2017, long term Ombudsman received more than 10,000 complaints about nursing home discharged and transfers. Minimizing our costs as a business is always a challenge . Staffing plays a huge part in nursing home operational costs. If we do not have enough resources to remain in business. We are most likely going to cut our staff and this is going to impact the care and services we provide to our patients. The new payment model , the patient-driven payment model (PDPM) is expected to align reimbursement with shift from volume to value.This study will identify the significant gap between the funding and the actual cost to providing the care as well as the impact on staffing levels in the nursing homes. Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health Purpose of the study The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the new payment model on quality of care in nursing homes. Hettich and Pivec (2018) noted that Under the RUG-IVpayment system, SNFs are paid at a constant per diem rate, regardless of the length of a resident’s stay, unless the resident is reclassified into a different group during the stay . It has been three months since we started the new case-mix model titled the Patient-Driven Payment Model Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health (PDPM) and replaced the Resourced Utilization Groups or the RUGs model. Significance of this study In healthcare, quality is a measure of success. We cannot improve what we cannot measure. The resident’s health outcome will tell us how we are doing. The study will help us determine how effective the new model is and identify the impact of it in rehabilitation services and the overall well being of the resident(s). The goal of Patient-Driven Payment Model is to provide patient- centered care that treats the resident as a whole instead of reimbursing nursing facilities primarily for rehabilitation services.The PDPM focuses on clinically relevant factor rather than codes and Assignment: Introduction to US Healthcare Public Health other characteristics as the basis for patient classification. It will focus on critical conditions ,patient diagnosis, comorbidity and history of the most recent hospital stays for reimbursement rates. Rehabilitation services will take a lesser role in reimbursement and PDPM will affect Part A but not Medicare Advantage patients. Background The keywords searched were online doctoral program completion, Elsevier, Emerald insight and CINAHL Plus. Babbie, E. (2017). Briefly discussed the importance of deductive theory and social change. Elliot, A. E., & Barsness, S. (2016). Explained how Medicaid reimbursement started and importance of staff engagement. Hettich, D., & Pivec, A. (2018). Provided information about Prospective payment system which is under the previous model system. Briefly explained the purpose of Patient- Driven Payment Model (PDPM). Howard,L. (2014). Provided information about the role of the government in reimbursing skilled nursing facilities. Manay,A. Yesilot,S. ,Demirci,P. & Öztunç (2018). Provided information about the cognitive function and quality of life of elderly people living in a nursing home. Moick, S., Simon, J., & Hiesmayr, M. (2019). Nutrition care quality indicators in hospitals and nursing homes: A systematic literature review and critical appraisal of current evidence. Clinical Nutrition Framework I will be using Donabedian Framework and Andersen Behavioural Model. According to the concept of Donabedian, quality of care is a multidimensional construct. In his framework he distinguishes between structure, process and outcome indicators that all affect quality of care (Moick,Simon, & Hiesmayr 2019. I believe this can help me explore both clinical and leadership aspect in healthcare . Evidence -based practice from previous scholars will be applied. Under Andersen Model, I can do cost utilization. It can also let me identify important factors such as measuring quality indicators. We want to be effective and cost-efficient.Since the payment model just started, it may be too early to distinguish the impact of it but we will see a combination of extensive services with non therapy ancillary services and with nursing services to deliver a case mix that finally reimburses the facility for what the services they actually provide. Our per diem rate should be budget neutral where Rehabilitation therapy will no longer drives payment. Patient characteristics and MDS coding will drive reimbursement . Research Question(s) RQ–Quantitative: What is the impact of Patient-Driven Payment Model on workforce and reimbursement rate? H01- 90% of post acute care are billed to rehabilitation services. The RUGs payment rates are certainly not dependent on the clinical conditions except for depression as part of the rehabilitation case-mix. As far as reimbursement , physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) reimbursement rates will decline by 2% every week after the 20th day of stay. Non-therapy Ancillary services will decline by 66% after the 3rd day of stay. We can be able to use our pharmacist to help us optimize drug therapy early in a resident’s day instead of having the pharmacist quarterly for drug regimen review . We can provide admission medication review to help us identify the barriers and adverse effects, medication errors upon transition and transfer and to assure that the new admission has a successful stay in our facility while we maximize the payment rate for them. Annual federal and state government expenditures for the provision of nursing home care services through the Medicaid program now exceed US$48 billion. Elderly recipients account for nearly three-fourths of the total costs of nursing home care, and nursing home care services comprise 15% of the total Medicaid program spending ( Howard 2014).We are in the crisis situation. The biggest fear that we might face is that , providers will be forced to close particularly those facilities in the rural or smaller communities who have a higher percentage rate of Medicaid. H1- A study showed that each additional hour of therapy received per week was associated with a 3.1 percentage point increase in the likelihood a SNF resident was discharged home. Nature of this study There is growing tension in long-term care based on an increasing focus on quality of life and resident experience juxtaposed with reimbursement models shifting to an emphasis on quality of care and measurable outcomes (Elliot & Barsness, 2016). This will be a quantitative research, we will focus on data and metrics. Collecting and gathering consistent , valid and measurable data is necessary in/ for this study. Organizations need to look at their financial planning systems , staff management practices and ensure that those approaches will align with their business strategies. The overall purpose of PDPM is to lower costs, improve patient outcomes , augment revenue sources and optimize the reimbursement that facility is due. I think that PDPM will open new opportunities for new admission and effective disease management. Secondary Data Types and Sources of Information Secondary data will be accessed from an online doctoral program. I will also be using previous data and studies used by Centers of Medicare and Medicaid to look at factors such as RUGS IV, PPS model, mix case model and implications of cost analysis for rate setting. The rehabilitation department will play a significant role in this study. Implications Long term care organizations need to change their business approaches and strategies because of the new payment model. The development of PDPM did not take outcomes when determining therapy groups or payment. At this time, it is difficult to determine how the changes will affect the bottom lines since we just started it. The sources may be also limited since everything is highly regulated. References Babbie, E. (2017). Basics of social research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. CohenMiller, A. S., & Pate, P. E. (2019). A Model for Developing Interdisciplinary Research Theoretical Frameworks. Qualitative Report, 24(6), 1211–1226. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost- live&scope=site Elliot, A. E., & Barsness, S. (2016). What’s in Your Bundle? Building a Communication Map of Relational Coordination Practices to Engage Staff in Individualizing Care. Seniors Housing & Care Journal, 24(1), 3–19. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost- live&scope=site Hettich, D., & Pivec, A. (2018). Payment System to Change for Skilled Nursing Facilities: CMS’s Patient-driven Payment Model revamps PPS for SNFs. (cover story). Dennis Barry’s Reimbursement Advisor, 34(3), 1–12. Howard, L. L. 1. [email protected] ed. (2014). Does Government Oversight Improve Access to Nursing Home Care? Longitudinal Evidence From US Counties. Inquiry (00469580), 51, 1–12. Lo, T. K. T., Parkinson, L., Cunich, M., & Byles, J. (2016). Factors associated with the health care cost in older Australian women with arthritis: an application of the Andersen’s Behavioural Model of Health Services Use. Public Health, 134, 64–71. Manav, A. ?., Ye?ilot, S. B., Demirci, P. Y., & Öztunç, G. (2018). An evaluation of cognitive function, depression, and quality of life of elderly people living in a nursing home. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing / Psikiyatri Hemsireleri Dernegi, 9(3), 153–160. https://doi- Shirey, M. R. (2013). Strategic Leadership for Organizational Change. Lewin’s Theory of Planned Change as a Strategic Resource. Journal of Nursing Administration, 43(2), 69–72. Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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