Assignment: The Humanities Traditional Disciplines

Assignment: The Humanities Traditional Disciplines
Assignment: The Humanities Traditional Disciplines
Visual arts Drawing, painting, photography, sculpture, architecture
Performing arts Music, dance, acting, theatre, film
Religion Revelation, ritual, sacrament, community
Philosophy Knowledge, reality, logic, ethics, law
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Discursive arts Writing, literature, poetry
Stone tools Carefully crafted pre-historic blades and weapons
Megaliths Pre-historic stone constructions on a monumental scale
Akhenaten and Nefertiti Egyptian rulers who promoted monotheistic religion
Hammurabi Codified a written law governing Babylonian life
Olmecs Meso-American civilization governed by priests
Dharma Account of right conduct in Hindu culture
Daoism Chinese practice focused on harmony in life
Classicism Clarity, simplicity, harmony, moderation, dignity
The Iliad and The Odyssey Homeric epics describing the heroic age of Greece
Greek tragedy Dramatic depictions of life, arousing pity and fear
Allegory of the Cave Platonic image of the relation between appearance and reality
Aristotle’s doctrine of the mean Aristotle’s account of virtue as moderation in all things
Doric column Characteristic feature of Greek architecture, as in the Parthenon
Rule of law Roman tradition of providing written codes for administration
Arch and vault Architectural method for enclosing large volumes of space
Pantheon Domed building preserving the achievements of Roman architecture
Han literature Neo-Confucian writings to preserve ancient Chinese traditions
Public space Architectural design of indoor and outdoor space for public use
Realistic sculpture Three-dimensional representation of human figures
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Revelation Divine disclosure of sacred knowledge
Supernatural Experience of reality that transcends observations of the natural world
Judaism Monotheistic religion of the Hebrew nation
Islam Religion focused on the relationship between a community and Allah
Qur’an Islamic scripture of the teachings of Muhammad
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Ritual Repeated activity intended to evoke religious feeling
Covenant Contractual agreement between a community and their deity
Canon Body of literature selected as religious scripture
Buddhism Belief in self-renunciation as a method of escaping human suffering
Siddhartha Gautama Indian prince who sought enlightenment
Christianity Religion founded on the life and teachings of Jesus
Paul Developed a theological structure for Christianity
Monasticism Ascetic withdrawal from the secular world
Muhammad Arab merchant whose teachings form the basis for Islam
Beowulf Epic poem in vernacular Old English
Charlemagne Frankish king who established the Holy Roman Empire
Feudalism Medieval economic structure with serfs and nobles
Norman conquest French invasion of Anglo- Saxon England
Church and state Medieval coordination of religious and secular interests
Polyphony Musical performance with multiple melodic lines
Romanesque and Gothic Medieval styles of Christian architecture
Dante Italian author of an account of the afterlife in the Divine Comedy
Francis of Assisi Early humanist who founded an order of mendicant friars
Porcelain Translucent ceramic ware perfected by the Chinese
Iconography Use of religious symbols by medieval Christians, Hindus, and Buddhists
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Renaissance Rebirth of classical learning and scholarship after the Dark Ages
Leonardo da Vinci Italian painter, sculptor, composer, scientist, and inventor
Shakespeare Playwright and poet in Elizabethan England
Maya Meso-American culture that practiced ritual games and blood-letting
Baroque Style that emphasizes ornamentation and contrasting effects
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Magna Carta Agreement securing the rule of law for English nobility
Humanism Emphasis on individual responsibility during the Renaissance
Machiavelli Political advisor to leaders in Renaissance Florence
Palladio Renaissance architect who emphasized proportion and harmony
Reformation Theological rethinking that focused on individual responsibility
Episodic fables Renaissance literature developed by Boccaccio and Chaucer
Erasmus One of several Christian humanists who extended Renaissance learning
Montaigne French essayist who explored humanistic themes
English sonnet Rhyme scheme devised by Shakespeare
Hamlet Shakespearean tragedy about a legendary Danish prince
Soliloquy Dramatic technique for voicing the internal thoughts of a character
Kabuki Stylized Japanese theater, combining speech and song
African sculpture Totemic masks, often with abstract elements
Columbian exchange Trade and cultural interactions between Europe and America
Mannerism Paintings that use complexity and affectation to express mystical themes
Louis XIV French king who built an extravagant palace at Versailles
J. S. Bach German composer who wrote music for organ and chamber ensembles
Mozart Musical prodigy who wrote prolifically for orchestra, piano, and string quartet
Beethoven Viennese composer who introduced Romantic elements in classical music
Wagner German composer who used leitmotif as the core of grandiose music-dramas
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Scientific revolution Development of empirical methods for the study of natural phenomena
Isaac Newton English thinker who unified the accounts of terrestrial and celestial motion
Encyclopedia Collected discourses of French free-thinkers, including Diderot, Condillac, and

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