Discussion Post: Data Information and Knowledge

Discussion Post: Data Information and Knowledge ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Discussion Post: Data Information and Knowledge I don’t know how to handle this Computer Science question and need guidance. Discussion Post: Data Information and Knowledge Hello I need help with the following for a discussion post: Read the case study at the beginning of Chapter 5, “Database Saves the State of Washington Medicaid Dollars.” After reading the case study and completing additional independent research using the textbook and online resources, address the following: Discussion Post: Data Information and Knowledge Consider your degree program (B.S in IT) or your selected industry and then give an example of how knowledge management systems could be used in your selected business. Describe the relationship between data and information in the context of your selected business. I have attached the beginning chapter in a pdf document, please keep in mind that this is for a discussion post, so it does not have to be long, preferably just 1 paragraph. Thank you chapter_5___database_saves_the_state_of_washington_medicaid_dollars.pdf Database Saves the State of Washington Medicaid Dollars When a patient is admitted to the emergency room (ER) of a hospital, his physician may never have seen him before and must diagnose his problem very quickly. If the physician already knew the patient’s medical history, then her examination and subsequent diagnosis would be faster, less expensive, and more accurate. As the Affordable Care Act expands Medicaid to an increasing number of patients, the need for states to control ER costs becomes more critical. Many Medicaid patients visit hospital ERs too many times. In fact, in the state of Washington, patients who went to the ER more than four times in one year comprise some 20 percent of all ER visits paid for by Medicaid. To address this problem, the State of Washington implemented the Emergency Department Information Exchange (EDIE), a database that contains the records of each patient treated in every hospital ER in the state. The database allows physicians to track patients’ ER visits to multiple hospitals. The state experienced some difficulties implementing the database. In the past, some state hospitals had attempted to create regional databases. However, many hospitals did not join these efforts, fearing they would lose both patients and Medicaid dollars. In response, the state announced that it would no longer reimburse hospitals for more than three nonemergency ER visits by a Medicaid recipient each year. Physicians and hospitals successfully sued the state, claiming the policy was arbitrary and would increase the hospitals’ costs. The state’s Medicaid office responded by creating a list of 500 medical problems—for example, acute bronchitis, urinary tract infections, and headaches—that it would no longer reimburse as emergency care. The state argued that those complaints could be treated in doctors’ offices or clinics. Hospitals objected to this list because patients who were not treated in hospitals would reduce hospitals’ income. As a result, the state adopted the database as a compromise. The EDIE database meets federal health privacy laws by allowing only approved medical staff members to access data on patients under their care. When a patient registers at an ER anywhere in the state of Washington, the attending physician and nurses immediately receive a fax (some hospitals still use fax machines) or e-mail from the database. The report lists all of the patient’s recent ER admissions, diagnoses, and treatments. Discussion Post: Data Information and Knowledge Further, when patients leave the ER, the database helps physicians track their care. One hospital sends paramedics to check on high-risk patients. Other hospitals hire care coordinators to ensure that patients make appointments with a family doctor or specialist. Rural hospitals discovered that many of their ER patients needed help managing pain, so they set up a pain-management clinic. In addition, the database has helped reduce the prescription of narcotics in the state’s ERs by 24 percent in its first year of use in large part because patients cannot visit multiple health facilities to obtain prescriptions. More than 400 primary care physicians have signed up to receive automatic notifications when one of their patients is admitted to the ER. The state is signing up more family doctors as well as community and mental health clinics. Physicians can now send many of their patients to clinics or other less expensive care centers. Data released in March 2014 indicate that ER visits by Medicaid patients dropped 10 percent in the 2013 fiscal year, and the rate of ER visits that resulted in a nonacute diagnosis decreased more than 14 percent. The state credits the database for a substantial amount of the state’s $33.7 million reduction in 2013 Medicaid costs. References Sources: Compiled from “How Big Data Can Reduce ER Visits,” Real Business, October 23, 2014; J. Creswell, “Doctors Find Barriers to Sharing Digital Medical Records,” The New York Times, September 30, 2014; T. Bannow, “Oregon Hospitals Begin Sharing ER Data,” The Bend Bulletin, September 18, 2014; “Report Finds Data Sharing Popular Among Hospitals,” ClinicalKey, September 12, 2014; R. Daly, “EHR Data Sharing Challenges Hospitals,” Healthcare Financial Management Association, August 7, 2014; D. Gorenstein, “Data: The Secret Ingredient in Hospital Cooperation,” , June 5, 2014; K. Weise, “Hospitals Share Data to Stop ER Abusers,” Bloomberg BusinessWeek, April 7–13, 2014; “Emergency Department Partnership Is Improving Care and Saving Medicaid Funds,” Washing State Hospital Association, March 20, 2014; E. Rizzo, “When Hospitals Share Data, Who Benefits?” Becker’s Hospital Review, March 12, 2014; “When Hospitals Share Patient Records, Emergency Patients Benefit, Study Suggests,” University of Michigan Health System, January 24, 2014. … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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