Discussion: The Novice to Expert theory By Patricia Benner Gender Inequality

Discussion: The Novice to Expert theory By Patricia Benner Gender Inequality ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Discussion: The Novice to Expert theory By Patricia Benner Gender Inequality Hello! Below is the rubric and the paper to edit! I want you to add more to it and edit it so it can be the perfect paper!Discussion: The Novice to Expert theory By Patricia Benner Gender Inequality attachment_1 attachment_2 Women Scientists: Patricia Benner Gender inequality has been a persistent issue in the medical discipline. Underrepresentation of women in research and theory development has evidenced gender inequality in medicine. Today, men have written more medical textbooks than women, thus portraying medicine as a patriarchal discipline. However, the rise of feminism in the 20th and 21st Century has increased women’s engagement in medical research. Patricia Benner represents the female population actively engaged in improving medical discipline through research and theories development. Specifically, Benner has gained international recognition through her Novice to Expert nursing theory. Benner’s theory is ranked amongst important theories that support evidence-based professional practice in nursing. Patricia Benner was born in August 1942 in the Hampton city of Virginia, USA. She developed an interest in the nursing profession while serving in a local hospital as a clerk. Benner acquired an undergraduate degree from Pasadena College in 1964. She later acquired a Master’s degree in Medicine Nursing in 1970 and a PhD in stress, health, and coping in 1982. In 1982, she published Novice to Expert theory to guide professional development in nursing. Furthermore, the nursing theory facilitated routinizing, formalization, and standardization of the nursing profession by specifying the right developmental process. Benner focused on boosting the quality of nursing care and increasing the independence of nurses. She believed that professional development among nurses involves the acquisition of education, knowledge, and workplace skills through experience. Benner’s Novice to Expert theory shows that professional development in nurses occurs through five different stages, namely novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert stages. Benner observes that nursing practice commences at the novice stage. She argues that people lack professional experience at the beginning of their professional practice, thus reducing their performance efficiency. Furthermore, Benner observes that novice nurses are fresh graduates who comprehend the general performance rules. Particularly, a novice nurse experiences a challenge in transitioning from classroom teaching to workplace practice (Benner, 1982). Generally, novice nurses are inflexible and limited in the professional practice hence depending totally on experienced colleagues in problem-solving and decision making. At the advanced beginner stage, a nurse depicts slightly acceptable performance in a healthcare organization. Discussion: The Novice to Expert theory By Patricia Benner Gender Inequality She noticed that nurses possess experience with actual workplace issues, thus enabling them to understand recurring components. She also observes that an advanced beginner can relate workplace issues to classroom teachings. She further witnessed that advanced beginners utilize experience-based principles to solve problems and make decisions related to workplace practice. Benner noticed that competent nurses understand practice rules and relevant facts of professional nursing practice. According to Benner, nurses reach the competent stage after developing a cumulative workplace practice of 2-3 years. At this stage, nurses learn by tackling different problems associated with healthcare services delivery. Competent nurses can solve complex problems, utilize information systems, and interpret complex data more easily than their advanced beginner colleagues. Competent nurses also can develop plans and set long-term goals of professional practice. The nurses plan their activities based on conscious, abstract, and analytical thinking, maximizing performance efficiency. At the proficient stage, nurses can comprehend workplace issues more deeply than their competent colleagues. Notably, proficient nurses possess a cumulative experience of around 3-5 years. The proficient nurses’ ability to comprehend situations holistically enables them to make decisions and solve problems easily. The category of nurses acquire knowledge and develop plans through evidence acquired through practice. Benner perceived that nurses reach the expert stage after acquiring five years of professional experience. She recognizes that an expert nurse has an in-depth connection and comprehension of situations nurses experience in the workplace. At the expert stage, Benner observes that nurses can operate independently. Furthermore, expert nurses no longer depend on nursing rules, principles, and guidelines taught in class. Reaching the expert stage implies that nurses possess huge patient service experience and depend on intuition in handling distinct workplace situations. Tackling complex problems through intuition is based on the expert nurses’ possession of in-depth experience and knowledge regarding medical practice. Additionally, expert nurses possess high flexibility and proficiency with regard to tackling different issues effectively. Benner’s Novice to Expert is utilized in numerous nursing practice parts, including the development of nurse administrators and managers. The application of this theory is founded on the fact that the professional development of nurses involves the transition from dependence on abstract ideologies to concrete experience application on dynamic healthcare issues. The theory explains how nurses can improve their skills and knowledge-base through experiencing different situations.Discussion: The Novice to Expert theory By Patricia Benner Gender Inequality Therefore, Benner developed a theory that guides the professional development of nurses to maximize patient welfare and satisfaction. Additionally, Benner developed a theory that encourages the engagement of nurses in workplace activities. For instance, recognizing the possibility of transforming a novice nurse into an expert creates a training opportunity for fresh graduates. Today, healthcare organizations utilize this theory to ensure that their employee development programs are effective. As a woman, Benner experienced different challenges during the education and popularization of her nursing theory. Historically, gendering has occurred as a popular practice in the medical field with regards to education and research. The patriarchal system has discouraged women from taking medical courses, taking leadership positions, and boosting their skills. In medicine, women are expected to take lower-paying and managerial jobs compared to their male counterparts. The challenges women experience in the healthcare workplace include gender segregation, the gender wage gap, and harassment. Specifically, Western society still glorifies male dominance over their female colleagues. Additionally, Western society stereotypes women as inferior to men in terms of problem-solving and decision making. Benner may have experienced criticisms from her male counterparts in the medical field. Operating within American society could have led to the ignorance of her theory. At first, the association of this theory with a woman may have lowered the rate of its implementation in the nursing practice. Nevertheless, Benner proved the chauvinistic individuals working in the healthcare sector wrong. Her success proved that women could develop important concepts aimed at maximizing patient satisfaction and welfare. Gender inequality, as still a serious issue in the field of nursing. The patriarchal system has reduced the engagement of women in nursing research because of stereotypes and discriminations. However, some women have demonstrated resilience to the discriminatory medical environment by developing important theories. Patricia Benner developed an important nursing theory called Novice to Expert theory. According to her, the professional development of nurses occurs in five stages, namely novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert stages. Particularly, advancement from novice to expert implies the growth of skills and knowledge through experience. Today, Benner’s theory is widely applied in the design of training and development programs for nurses. The Novice to Expert offers nurses an opportunity to improve patient welfare and satisfaction. As a woman, this is inspiring to hear a women in the field going after what she believes in and advancing health-care as a whole. Reference Benner, P. (1982). From Novice to Expert. ?The American Journal of Nursing, 82(? 3), 402-407. Cash, K. “Benner and Expertise in Nursing: a Critique.” ?International Journal of Nursing Studies,? Pergamon, 17 Feb. 2000, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/0020748995000113. “Dr Patricia Benner.” ?Nursing Theory,? 20 Sept. 2020, www.nursing-theory.org/nursing-theorists/Patricia-Benner.php. “Biography of Patricia Benner.” ?Educating Nurses,?www.educatingnurses.com/biography-of-patricia-benner/. “Patricia Benner.” ?Patricia Benner – Nursing Theorist,?whyiwanttobeanurse.org/nursing-theorists/patricia-benner.php. … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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