Discussion: The Purnell Model and its Framework

Discussion: The Purnell Model and its Framework ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Discussion: The Purnell Model and its Framework Please respond to these 2 different research paper separately. The response should be 1 to 2 paragraphs per research paper with 250 words including 2 differents reference and citation per each paragraph. **** It should be 2 separate response with one to two paragraph each**** The response should be done as a research with 2 reference each. Discussion: The Purnell Model and its Framework Also, please include in the research whether you agree or disagree with each research or share the same opinion. Style: APA References: 2 each double space attachment_1 attachment_2 Please reply #1 to Yurami if you agree or disagree The Purnell Model and its Framework As noted by Marzilli (2016), culture is a distinctive component of every patient, and the nurse is in charge of providing care for the whole patient when seeking health care. The Purnell model is a framework for organizing, intended to promote cultural competence among interdisciplinary members of the healthcare workforce. The Purnell model is aimed at offering a foundation for comprehending the diverse characteristics of a different culture, enabling the health care providers to adequately understand patient features, like experiences and views about illness and healthcare. The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence framework is presented in a diagram with parallel circles, with the outermost circumference standing for a global society, the second circle representing the community, the third rim representing the family, while the inner circle represents the person (Purnell, 2012). The meta paradigm concept of global society entails observing the world as a single large community consisting of a wide variety of individuals from diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds. Community is a meta paradigm to refer to a group of people having common interests and what happens in the community affects the family. Family is two or more persons emotionally engaged with one another and what affects the family has an impact on the person (Albougami, Pounds & Alotaibi, 2016). A person is a human being, continuously adapting to the environment psychologically, socially, physically, and biologically. The interior circle of the Purnell model includes twelve cultural domains and their concepts. The heritage or overview domain entails domains such as origins and education. The communication domain involves issues like primary language and dialect. The family organization and roles area include concepts such as gender roles and head of household. The workforce issues domain entails concepts like assimilation, acculturation, and autonomy. The bio-cultural ecology domain includes variations such as skin coloration, heredity, and genetics (Albougami, Pounds & Alotaibi, 2016). The domain of high-risk behaviors entails a lack of physical activities, use of alcohol and tobacco, and risky sexual practices. The domain of nutrition involves the meaning of food, deficiencies, taboos, and rituals. Pregnancy and childbearing are the other domain entailing birth control practices and birthing practices. Another domain is death and dying, involving practices such as bereavement and burial practices. The next domain is spirituality which involves the meaning of life, religious practices, and the use of prayers. The other domain is about health care practices such as biomedical beliefs, traditional practices, and self-medication practices (Purnell, 2012). Lastly, the twelfth domain is about health care practitioners with concepts such as gender and health care and folk practitioners. The dark center of Purnell model stands for an unknown phenomenon. Assumptions of Purnell Model Purnell model is based on many assumptions, among them including; first, all professions in healthcare need the same information regarding cultural diversity. Secondly, all health care providers share the meta paradigm concepts of global society, health, family, and person (Purnell, 2012). Thirdly, no culture is considered to be better than other cultures. Fourthly, all cultures share core similarities. Fifthly, there are differences among, between, and within cultures. The sixth assumption is that there is a slow change in culture over time. The number seven assumption is that one’s responses and interpretations about health care are strongly influenced by culture. The eighth assumption is that health outcomes are improved when the patients are coparticipants in care delivery (Purnell, 2012). The ninth assumption is that health care professionals need culture-specific and culture-general information for them to offer culturally competent and sensitive care. The tenth assumption is that there can be minimal biases and prejudices through cultural understanding. The eleventh assumption is that associations, organizations, and professions have their own cultures. The twelfth assumption is that healthcare providers who can analyze, plan, intervene, and examine clients in a culturally competent way will enhance the clients’ care. Importance of Purnell Model in Provision of Cultural Competence Health Care The Purnell model can help us to provide cultural competence healthcare as it guides us to respect every subgroup for its distinctive individuality. Through the application of the domains of this model, individual nurses and organizations will be able to comprehend the cultural practices, values, and beliefs of the patients and be in a better position to effectively co-participate with patients and offer culturally accepted health care. More so, the Purnell Model can use a road map for analysis, planning, executing, and evaluating health care interventions (Purnell, 2012). The Purnell model will facilitate the systematic evaluation of every patient, which will help promote individualized care, prevention of diseases, restoration of health, and improved chances for health promotion. The model helps us to have both culturally specific and cultural general knowledge. Culturally specific knowledge will help provide individualized care while skills and knowledge in general culture will aid care providers to become more culturally competent. References Albougami, A. S., Pounds, K. G., & Alotaibi, J. S. (2016). Comparison of four cultural competence models in transcultural nursing: A discussion paper. International Archives of Nursing and Health Care, 2(3), 1-5. Marzilli, C. (2016). A Review of the Theoretical Framework of Culture and Value Applied to Nursing. International Journal of Nursing, 5(1), 32-34. Purnell, L. D. (2008). Transcultural Health Care. A Culturally Competent Approach (4th ed.). Pennsylvania: F.A. Davis Company Please reply # 2 to Leo if you agree or disagree As stated by (Purnell et al., 2019), the Purnell cultural competence model is a widely used model for cross-cultural education and research. The model uses a system theory approach and integrates ideas on communities, individuals, healthcare providers and healthcare practitioners in a distinct and systematic tool for assessing cultural competence in healthcare. The Purnell model was initially developed for nursing students, and it can be extended across countries and cultures in terms of studying/teaching, leadership, research and action. Due to multiculturalism and globalization in health care, cultural awareness has become an important factor in the field of healthcare. Cultural traditions and principles have become the foundation of health care practice by offering a personalized healthcare experience focused on patients. Various methods have been proposed to provide correlated cultural treatment for nurses and physicians. Through his students’ research on cultural differences, Purnell developed a cultural ability model. The model comprises circles of 12 buildings shaping society (Debiasiet al., 2017). Purnell’s Model for cultural competence began as a system coordinating student nurses for use as a clinical evaluation tool. A framework, the meta-paradigm principles and the scale of cultural competences were introduced the following year. Since the paradigm is coupled with the organizational structure and applies in every clinical field, some nursing theories define it as complexity and holographic theory. The assumptions are established throughout the fields of exercise and the background of the environment. The assumptions are heritage which includes origin, residency, and financial status, educational, political and occupational levels of the patients. Borrowing from (Albougami et al., 2016) communication includes the study of characteristics such as dilate, the language of superiority, names, facial expressions, and body language. Family and organization examine the patient ways of life, social status, gender roles, householder responsibilities, the preferences of patients in life, and growth. The workforce concerns include autonomy values, assimilation, gender roles, cultural communication patterns, individualism and regional health care policies. The Bio cultural ecology involves variations in ethnic and racial backgrounds as well as disparities in skin colour, bodily height, inherited, endemic and topographic diseases. The high-risk behavior includes leisure drugs, physical absence, anti-use of protective precautions like seat strapping, and sexual activities (Purnell, and Fenkl, 2019). The nutrition comprehends the food preferences of patients, shortcomings, promotion of health and nutritional patient constraints. Pregnancy and parenting awareness includes characteristics such as fertility practices and postpartum problems. Death ritual is on the patient’s knowledge of death and also how they deal with deprivation. Spirituality includes religious rituals and meditation, life-giving activities. Health care habits include conventional medical procedures, traditional values, self-medication problems, transplantation, mental health patients, and health barriers. Health care professionals also recognize the view of the patient about staff, class, and health care. In the preparation, assessment and implementation of effective interventions to improve the health of patients, the family and the environment, the Purnell model is important to healthcare providers and other health workers. Purnell says nurses should be mindful of their feeling and their atmosphere without actually allowing such factors to affect the delivery of services (Purnell, 2019). Self-consciousness is essential in providing culturally appropriate treatment. The model helps health care professionals to understand their core values and beliefs, as well as their nursing principles. Practitioners should involve in care and analysis regularly to appreciate their attitudes towards patients from various ethnic backgrounds and how their personal views may be an obstacle to quality care, particularly in the delivery of services to a mixed culture. In conclusion, the Purnell cultural competence model is a widely used model for cross-cultural education and research, particularly in the nursing profession. The 12 fields support nurses as they contribute to cultural skills. Purnell says nurses should be mindful of their feeling and their atmosphere without actually allowing such factors to affect the delivery of services. References Albougami, A. S., Pounds, K. G., & Alotaibi, J. S. (2016). Comparison of four cultural competence models in transcultural nursing: A discussion paper. International Archives of Nursing and Health Care, Debiasi, L. B., & Selleck, C. S. (2017). CULTURAL COMPETENCE TRAINING FOR PRIMARY CARE NURSE PRACTITIONERS: AN INTERVENTION TO INCREASE CULTURALLY COMPETENT CARE. Journal of cultural diversity, Purnell, L. (2019). Update: The Purnell theory and model for culturally competent health care. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, Purnell, L. D., & Fenkl, E. A. (2019). The purnell model for cultural competence. In Handbook for Culturally Competent Care Springer, Cham. Purnell, L. D., & Fenkl, E. A. (2019). Handbook for Culturally Competent Care. Springer. Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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