Ethical Theories and Approaches Discussion Board

Ethical Theories and Approaches Discussion Board ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Ethical Theories and Approaches Discussion Board After reading Chapter 4 and reviewing the lecture PowerPoint (located in the lectures tab), please answer the following question. Each question must have at least 3 paragraphs Additionally, you are expected to reply to another student and include a reference that justifies your post. Your reply must be at least 3 paragraphs. Ethical Theories and Approaches Discussion Board# Discussion board question: 1. Think about the ethical theories and approaches in Chapter 4 and the moral conflicts you have experienced in the past. Have you used one of these approaches to resolving conflict? Which theory or approach have you used? Ethical Theories and Approaches Discussion Board attachment_1 Chapter 4 Competencies for Professional Nursing Practice Overview Competencies • American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) Essentials • Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) • Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER) Initiative • Nurse of the Future (NOF): Nursing Core Competencies Figure 4-1 The Nurse of the Future: Nursing Core Competencies graphic. Reproduced from Massachusetts Department of Higher Education. (2016). Nurse of the future: Nursing core competencies: Registered nurse. Retrieved from http://www.mass.edu/nahi/documents/NOFRNCompetencies_updated_March2016.pdf Nurse of the Future: Nursing Core Competency Graphic • Illustrates, through use of broken lines, the reciprocal and continuous relationship between each competency and nursing knowledge, that the competencies may overlap and are not mutually exclusive, and that all competencies are of equal importance. • Nursing knowledge is placed as the core in the graphic to illustrate that nursing knowledge reflects the overarching art and science of professional nursing practice. NOF Core Competency Model (1 of 3) • Essential knowledge, attitudes, and skills (KAS), reflecting cognitive, affective, and psychomotor learning domains, are specified for each competency. • The KAS identified in the model reflect the expectations for initial nursing practice following the completion of a prelicensure professional nursing education program. NOF Core Competency Model (2 of 3) • Human beings/patients: Recipients of nursing care or services; may be individuals, families, groups, communities, or populations • Environment: The atmosphere, milieu, or conditions in which one lives, works, or plays • Health: Experience, often expressed in terms of wellness and illness, that may occur in the presence or absence of disease or injury NOF Core Competency Model (3 of 3) • Nursing: The protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities; prevention of illness and injury; alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response; and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations The NOF Core Competencies • Patient-centered care • Communication • Professionalism • Teamwork and collaboration • Leadership • Safety • Systems-based practice • Quality improvement • Informatics and technology • Evidence-based practice Why Is Critical Thinking Important in Nursing Practice? • Essential to providing safe, competent, and skillful nursing care. • The inability of a nurse to set priorities and work safely, effectively, and efficiently may delay patient treatment in a critical situation and result in serious lifethreatening consequences.Ethical Theories and Approaches Discussion Board# Thinking Like a Nurse • Clinical judgment • Clinical reasoning • Mindfulness Clinical Judgment (1 of 2) • Clinical judgments are more influenced by what nurses bring to the situation than the objective data about the situation at hand. • Sound clinical judgment rests to some degree on knowing the patient and his or her typical pattern of responses, as well as engagement with the patient and his or her concerns. Clinical Judgment (2 of 2) • Clinical judgments are influenced by the context in which the situation occurs and the culture of the nursing unit. • Nurses use a variety of reasoning patterns alone or in combination. • Reflection on practice is often triggered by a breakdown in clinical judgment and is critical for the development of clinical knowledge and improvement in clinical reasoning. Critical Thinking and Clinical Judgment in Nursing • Purposeful, informed, outcome-focused thinking • Carefully identifies key problems, issues, and risks • Based on principles of the nursing process, problem solving, and the scientific method • Applies logic, intuition, and creativity • Driven by patient, family, and community needs • Calls for strategies that make the most of human potential • Requires constant reevaluating Characteristics of Critical Thinking • • • • • • Rational and reasonable Involves conceptualization Requires reflection Includes cognitive skills and attitudes Involves creative thinking Requires knowledge Characteristics of a Critical Thinker (1 of 2) • • • • Flexible Bases judgments on facts and reasoning Doesn’t oversimplify Examines available evidence before drawing conclusions • Thinks for themselves • Remains open to the need for adjustment and adaptation throughout the inquiry Characteristics of a Critical Thinker (2 of 2) • Accepts change • Empathizes • Welcomes different views and values examining issues from every angle • Knows that it is important to explore and understand positions with which they disagree • Discovers and applies meaning to what they see, hear, and read Approaches to Developing Critical Thinking Skills • • • • Nursing process Concept mapping Journaling Group discussions Nursing Process • • • • • • Assessment Diagnosis Outcome identification Planning Implementation Evaluation Concept Mapping • Visual representation of the relationships among concepts and ideas • Useful for summarizing information, consolidating information from different sources, thinking through complex problems, and presenting information in a format that shows an overall structure of the subject Journaling • Allows you to view your own thinking, reasoning, and actions. • Ethical Theories and Approaches Discussion Board# Helps create and clarify meaning and new understandings of experiences. • When you encounter a similar situation, you should be able to recall what you did or would do differently and your reasoning. Journaling Suggestions • What happened? • What was the • What are the facts? setting? • What feelings and • What were the senses surrounded important elements the event? of the event? • What did I do? • What preceded the • How and what did I event, and what feel about what I did? followed it? • What should I be aware of if the event recurs? Group Discussions • Cooperative learning occurs when groups work together to maximize learning. • Explore alternatives. – Different scenarios of “What if?”, “What else?”, and “What then?” • Arrive at conclusions. – Connect clinical events or decisions with information obtained in the classroom. … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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