Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion

Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion This week you will be writing an APA paper to include a title page, level headings, and a reference page Discuss and explain King’s Conceptual System Theory. First explain the 3 systems and provide examples of each system Explain how the systems influence goal attainment Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion How could King’s theory help define a clinical quality problem? Apply this theory to a potential practice quality improvement initiative within your clinical practice. How could a quality committee align outcomes with King’s Conceptual System Theory? What additional nursing theory from our readings could also align with an improved quality of practice initiative? This paper should include 2 outside references (scholarly journals less than 5 years old) and the textbook. This paper should be 1250 to 1500 words in length. Textbook used is Smith, M. C., & Parker, M. E. (2015). Nursing theories and nursing practice (4 th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis. Chapters 9 attachment_1 ·-• •• Fourth Edition Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page i Nursing Theories & Nursing Practice Fourth Edition 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page ii 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page iii Nursing Theories & Nursing Practice Fourth Edition Marlaine C. Smith, PhD, RN, AHN-BC, FAAN Marilyn E. Parker, PhD, RN, FAAN 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page iv F. A. Davis Company 1915 Arch Street Philadelphia, PA 19103 Copyright © 2015 by F. A. Davis Company Copyright © 2015 by F. A. Davis Company. All rights reserved. This book is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher. Printed in the United States of America Last digit indicates print number: 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Publisher, Nursing: Joanne Patzek DaCunha, RN, MSN; Susan Rhyner Developmental Editor: Marcia Kelley Director of Content Development: Darlene D. Pedersen Content Project Manager: Echo K. Gerhart Manager of Art and Design: Carolyn O’Brien As new scienti?c information becomes available through basic and clinical research, recommended treatments and drug therapies undergo changes. The author(s) and publisher have done everything possible to make this book accurate, up to date, and in accord with accepted standards at the time of publication. The author(s), editors, and publisher are not responsible for errors or omissions or for consequences from application of the book, and make no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to the contents of the book. Any practice described in this book should be applied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used in regard to the unique circumstances that may apply in each situation. The reader is advised always to check product information (package inserts) for changes and new information regarding dose and contraindications before administering any drug. Caution is especially urged when using new or infrequently ordered drugs. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nursing theories and nursing practice. Nursing theories & nursing practice / [edited by] Marlaine C. Smith, Marilyn E. Parker. — Fourth edition. p. ; cm. Preceded by Nursing theories and nursing practice / [edited by] Marilyn E. Parker, Marlaine C. Smith. 3rd ed. c2010. Proudly sourced and uploaded by [StormRG] Includes bibliographical references and index. Kickass Torrents | TPB | ET | h33t ISBN 978-0-8036-3312-4 (alk. paper) I. Smith, Marlaine C. (Marlaine Cappelli), editor. II. Parker, Marilyn E., editor. III. Title. [DNLM: 1. Nursing Theory—Biography. 2. Nurses—Biography. WY 86] RT84.5 610.7301—dc23 2014047296 Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by F. A. Davis Company for users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Transactional Reporting Service, provided that the fee of $.25 per copy is paid directly to CCC, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. For those organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by CCC, a separate system of payment has been arranged. Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion The fee code for users of the Transactional Reporting Service is: 8036-3312-4/15 0 + $.25. 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page v Preface to the Fourth Edition This book o?ers the perspective that nursing is a professional discipline with a body of knowledge that guides its practice. Nursing theories are an important part of this body of knowledge, and regardless of complexity or abstraction, they re?ect phenomena central to the discipline, and should be used by nurses to frame their thinking, action, and being in the world. As guides, nursing theories are practical in nature and facilitate communication with those we serve as well as with colleagues, students, and others practicing in health-related services. We hope this book illuminates for the readers the interrelationship between nursing theories and nursing practice, and that this understanding will transform practice to improve the health and quality of life of people who are recipients of nursing care. This very special book is intended to honor the work of nursing theorists and nurses who use these theories in their day-to-day practice. Our foremost nursing theorists have written for this book, or their theories have been described by nurses who have comprehensive knowledge of the theorists’ ideas and who have a deep respect for the theorists as people, nurses, and scholars. To the extent possible, contributing authors have been selected by theorists to write about their work. Three middle-range theories have been added to this edition of the book, bringing the total number of middle-range theories to twelve. Obviously, it was not possible to include all existing middle-range theories in this volume; however, the expansion of this section illustrates the recent growth in middle-range theory development in nursing. Two chapters from the third edition, including Levine’s conservation theory and Paterson & Zderad’s humanistic nursing have been moved to supplementary online resources at This book is intended to help nursing students in undergraduate, masters, and doctoral nursing programs explore and appreciate nursing theories and their use in nursing practice and scholarship. In addition, and in response to calls from practicing nurses, this book is intended for use by those who desire to enrich their practice by the study of nursing theories and related illustrations of nursing practice. The contributing authors describe theory development processes and perspectives on the theories, giving us a variety of views for the twenty-?rst century and beyond. Each chapter of the book includes descriptions of a theory, its applications in both research and practice, and an example that re?ects how the theory can guide practice. We anticipate that this overview of the theory and its applications will lead to deeper exploration of the theory, leading students to consult published works by the theorists and those working closely with the theory in practice or research. Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion There are six sections in the book. The ?rst provides an overview of nursing theory and a focus for thinking about evaluating and choosing a nursing theory for use in practice. For this edition, the evolution of nursing theory was added to Chapter 1. Section II introduces the work of early nursing scholars whose ideas provided a foundation for more formal theory development. The nursing conceptual models and grand theories are clustered into three parts in Sections III, IV, and V. Section III contains those theories classi?ed within the interactive-integrative paradigm, and those in v 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page vi vi Preface to the Fourth Edition the unitary-transformative paradigm are included in Section IV. Grand theories that are focused on the phenomena of care or caring appear in Section V. The ?nal section contains a selection of middle-range theories. An outline at the beginning of each chapter provides a map for the contents. Major points are highlighted in each chapter. Since this book focuses on the relationship of nursing theory to nursing practice, we invited the authors to share a practice exemplar. You will notice that some practice exemplars were written by someone other than the chapter author. In this edition the authors also provided content about research based on the theory. Because of page limitations you can ?nd additional chapter content online at http:// While every attempt was made to follow a standard format for each of the chapters throughout the book, some of the chapters vary from this format; for example, some authors chose not to include practice exemplars. The book’s website features materials that will enrich the teaching and learning of these nursing theories. Materials that will be helpful for teaching and learning about nursing theories are included as online resources. For example, there are case studies, learning activities, and PowerPoint presentations included on both the instructor and student websites. Other online resources include additional content, more extensive bibliographies and longer biographies of the theorists. Dr. Shirley Gordon and a group of doctoral students from Florida Atlantic University developed these ancillary materials for the third edition. For this edition, the ancillary materials for students and faculty were updated by Diane Gullett, a PhD candidate at Florida Atlantic University. She developed all materials for the new chapters as well as updating ancillary materials for chapters that appeared in the third edition. We are so grateful to Diane and Shirley for their creativity and leadership and to the other doctoral students for their thoughtful contributions to this project . We hope that this book provides a useful overview of the latest theoretical advances of many of nursing’s ?nest scholars. We are grateful for their contributions to this book. As editors we’ve found that continuing to learn about and share what we love nurtures our growth as scholars, reignites our passion and commitment, and o?ers both fun and frustration along the way. We continue to be grateful for the enthusiasm for this book shared by many nursing theorists and contributing authors and by scholars in practice and research who bring theories to life. For us, it has been a joy to renew friendships with colleagues who have contributed to past editions and to ?nd new friends and colleagues whose theories enriched this edition. Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice, now in the fourth edition, has roots in a series of nursing theory conferences held in South Florida, beginning in 1989 and ending when e?orts to cope with the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew interrupted the energy and resources needed for planning and o?ering the Fifth South Florida Nursing Theory Conference. Many of the theorists in this book addressed audiences of mostly practicing nurses at these conferences. Two books stimulated by those conferences and published by the National League for Nursing are Nursing Theories in Practice (1990) and Patterns of Nursing Theories in Practice (1993).Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion For me (Marilyn), even deeper roots of this book are found early in my nursing career, when I seriously considered leaving nursing for the study of pharmacy. In my fatigue and frustration, mixed with youthful hope and desire for more education, I could not answer the question “What is nursing?” and could not distinguish the work of nursing from other tasks I did every day. Why should I continue this work? Why should I seek degrees in a ?eld that I could not de?ne? After re?ecting on these questions and using them to examine my nursing, I could ?nd no one who would consider the questions with me. I remember being asked, “Why would you ask that question? You are a nurse; you must surely know what nursing is.” Such responses, along with a drive for serious consideration of my questions, led me to the library. I clearly remember reading several descriptions of nursing that, I thought, could just as well have been about social work or physical therapy. I then found nursing 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page vii Preface to the Fourth Edition de?ned and explained in a book about education of nurses written by Dorothea Orem. During the weeks that followed, as I did my work of nursing in the hospital, I explored Orem’s ideas about why people need nursing, nursing’s purposes, and what nurses do. I found a ?t between her ideas, as I understood them, with my practice, and I learned that I could go even further to explain and design nursing according to these ways of thinking about nursing. I discovered that nursing shared some knowledge and practices with other services, such as pharmacy and medicine, and I began to distinguish nursing from these related ?elds of practice. I decided to stay in nursing and made plans to study and work with Dorothea Orem. In addition to learning about nursing theory and its meaning in all we do, I learned from Dorothea that nursing is a unique discipline of knowledge and professional practice. In many ways, my earliest questions about nursing have guided my subsequent study and work. Most of what I have done in nursing has been a continuation of my initial experience of the interrelations of all aspects of nursing scholarship, including the scholarship that is nursing practice. Over the years, I have been privileged to work with many nursing scholars, some of whom are featured in this book. My love for nursing and my respect for our discipline and practice have deepened, and knowing now that these values are so often shared is a singular joy. Marlaine’s interest in nursing theory had similar origins to Marilyn’s. As a nurse pursuing an interdisciplinary master’s degree in public health, I (Marlaine) recognized that while all the other public health disciplines had some unique perspective to share, public health nursing seemed to lack a clear identity. In search of the identity of nursing I pursued a second master’s in nursing. At that time nursing theory was beginning to garner attention, and I learned about it from my teachers and mentors Sr. Rosemary Donley, Rosemarie Parse, and Mary Jane Smith. This discovery was the answer I was seeking, and it both expanded and focused my thinking about nursing. The question of “What is nursing?” was answered for me by these theories and I couldn’t get vii enough! It led to my decision to pursue my PhD in Nursing at New York University where I studied with Martha Rogers. Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion During this same time I taught at Duquesne University with Rosemarie Parse and learned more about Man-Living-Health, which is now humanbecoming. I conducted several studies based on Rogers’ conceptual system and Parse’s theory. At theory conferences I was fortunate to dialogue with Virginia Henderson, Hildegard Peplau, Imogene King, and Madeleine Leininger. In 1988 I accepted a faculty position at the University of Colorado when Jean Watson was Dean. The School of Nursing was guided by a caring philosophy and framework and I embraced caring as a central focus of the discipline of nursing. As a unitary scholar, I studied Newman’s theory of health as expanding consciousness and was intrigued by it, so for my sabbatical I decided to study it further as well as learn more about the unitary appreciative inquiry process that Richard Cowling was developing. We both have been fortunate to hold faculty appointments in universities where nursing theory has been valued, and we are fortunate today to hold positions at the Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing at Florida Atlantic University, where faculty and students ground their teaching scholarship and practice on caring theories, including nursing as caring, developed by Dean Anne Boykin and a previous faculty member at the College, Savina Schoenhofer. Many faculty colleagues and students continue to help us study nursing and have contributed to this book in ways we would never have adequate words to acknowledge. We are grateful to our knowledgeable colleagues who reviewed and o?ered helpful suggestions for chapters of this book, and we sincerely thank those who contributed to the book as chapter authors. It is also our good fortune that many nursing theorists and other nursing scholars live in or visit our lovely state of Florida. Since the ?rst edition of this book was published, we have lost many nursing theorists. Their work continues through those re?ning, modifying, testing, and expanding the theories. The discipline of nursing is expanding as research and practice advances existing theories and as new theories emerge. This is especially 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page viii viii Preface to the Fourth Edition important at a time when nursing theory can provide what is missing and needed most in health care today. All four editions of this book have been nurtured by Joanne DaCunha, an expert nurse and editor for F. A. Davis Company, who has shepherded this project and others because of her love of nursing. Near the end of this project Joanne retired, and Susan Rhyner, our new editor, led us to the ?nish line. We are both grateful for their wisdom, kindness, patience and understanding of nursing. We give special thanks to Echo Gerhart, who served as our contact and coordinator for this project. Marilyn thanks her husband, Terry Worden, for his abiding love and for always being willing to help, and her niece, Cherie Parker, who represents many nurses who love nursing practice and scholarship and thus inspire the work of this book. Marlaine acknowledges her husband Brian and her children, Kirsten, Alicia, and Brady, and their spouses, Jonathan Vankin and Tori Rutherford, for their love and understanding. She honors her parents, Deno and Rose Cappelli, for instilling in her the love of learning, the value of hard work, and the importance of caring for others, and dedicates this book to her granddaughter Iyla and the new little one who is scheduled to arrive as this book is released. Marilyn E. Parker, Olathe, Kansas Marlaine C. Smith, Boca Raton, Florida 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page ix Nursing Theorists Elizabeth Ann Manhart Barrett, PhD, RN, FAAN Professor Emerita Hunter College City University of New York New York, New York Charlotte D. Barry, PhD, RN, NCSN, FAAN Professor of Nursing Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, Florida Anne Boykin, PhD, RN* Dean and Professor Imogene M King Conceptual System Theory Discussion Emerita Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, Florida Barbara Montgomery Dossey, PhD, RN, AHN-BC, FAAN, HWNC-BC Co-Director, International Nurse Coach Association Core Faculty, Integrative Nurse Coach Certi?cate Program Miami, Florida Joanne R. Duffy, PhD, RN, FAAN Endowed Professor of Research and Evidence-based Practice and Director of the PhD Program West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia Helen L. Erickson* Professor Emerita University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas Lydia Hall† Virginia Henderson† Imogene King† Katharine Kolcaba, PhD, RN Associate Professor Emeritus Adjunct The University of Akron Akron, Ohio Madeleine M. Leininger† Patricia Liehr, PhD, RN Professor Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, Florida Rozzano C. Locsin, PhD, RN Professor Emeritus Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, Florida Afaf I. Meleis, PhD, DrPS(hon), FAAN Professor of Nursing and Sociology University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Betty Neuman, PhD, RN, PLC, FAAN Beverly, Ohio Margaret Newman, RN, PhD, FAAN Professor Emerita University of Minnesota College of Nursing Saint Paul, Minnesota Dorothea E. Orem† Ida Jean Orlando (Pelletier)† Marilyn E. Parker, PhD, RN, FAAN Professor Emerita Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, Florida Dorothy Johnson† ix 3312_FM_i-xx 26/12/14 5:51 PM Page x x Nursing Theorists Rosemarie Rizzo Parse, PhD, FAAN Distinguished Professor Emeritus Marcella Nieho? School of Nursing Loyola University Chicago Chicago, Illinois Hildegard Peplau† Marilyn Anne Ray, PhD, RN, CTN Professor Emerita Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, Florida Pamela G. Reed, PhD, RN, FAAN Professor University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona Martha E. Rogers† Sister Callista Roy, PhD, RN, FAAN Professor and Nurse Theorist William F. Connell School of Nursing Boston College Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts Savina O. Schoenhofer, PhD, RN Professor of Nursing University of Mississippi Oxford, Mississippi Marl … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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