Indiana Wesleyan Virginia NUR 335 Henderson Basic Needs Theory Discussion

Indiana Wesleyan Virginia NUR 335 Henderson Basic Needs Theory Discussion ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Indiana Wesleyan Virginia NUR 335 Henderson Basic Needs Theory Discussion In Notes on Nursing: What it is and What it is not , Florence Nightingale indicated her belief that nurses are not simply handmaidens for the physicians and are not glorified housekeepers (Black, 2014). As was discussed in the last workshop, over the last 150 years and particularly over the last 50 years, nurses have been working to define our profession. Many theories have been developed to assist nurses to improve our ability to provide care for our patients. The purpose of this discussion forum is to give you the opportunity to learn about several of the nursing theorists who have shared their thoughts about best practices for nursing care. As you review the various theories, consider your own theories about the best way to provide nursing care. Indiana Wesleyan Virginia NUR 335 Henderson Basic Needs Theory Discussion Upon successful completion of this discussion, you will be able to: Discuss the influence of current and historical nursing theories on professional practice. Explore different approaches to nursing practice based on various nursing theories. Analyze the relationship between nursing theory and nursing practice. Identify how various nursing theories reflect your own thoughts about nursing practice. Resources Textbook: Professional Nursing: Concepts and Challenges File: Partial List of References for the Textbook by Black – 7th edition APA File: Resources for Workshop 2: Nursing Theory and Holistic Nursing Background Information As nurses we know that the Nursing Process includes assessment, determining nursing diagnoses, planning, implementation (or intervention), and evaluation. Did you know that 60 years ago, there was no “Nursing Process?” Nurses just followed doctors’ orders and did not necessarily think for themselves. This week, you will be learning about various nurses who used evidence-based practice to develop nursing into the profession that it is today. In Workshop Five, you will be writing your own philosophy (theory) of nursing. You will be required to look back to this discussion and consider which of the nursing theorists mentioned have ideas that correspond to your view of the essence of nursing and how that plays out when caring for patients. The following paragraphs provide a sampling of some nursing theories you might consider investigating. The Philosophy of Nursing for the Indiana Wesleyan University School of Nursing is based on the Neuman Systems Model. Neuman focuses on assessment of physiological, psychological, sociocultural, developmental, and spiritual factors that may affect the client system (Neuman, 2011). You may want to consider exploring more about the Neuman Systems Theory for this nursing theorist discussion. Do you remember learning about Elizabeth Kubler-Ross and the stages of grief (Kubler-Ross, 1997)? The Theory of Chronic Sorrow developed by Eakes, Burke, and Hainsworth (1998) recognizes when we have a child who is developmentally delayed, or we lose a child or a spouse, certain events may trigger sorrow long after we have experienced all of the stages of grief. Phil Barker’s Tidal Model focuses on mental health using the metaphor of life being a voyage. If you have ever felt like you were drowning, you could probably relate to the common sense metaphors found in this theory. Many of the metaphors in this theory relate to water (Tidal, n. d. ). Barker focuses on the importance of allowing the patient to share their story because the patient is the expert when it comes to knowing what he or she has experienced (Tidal, n. d. ). Consider learning how to help your patients get into the lifeboat or put on the lifesaver when they are overwhelmed by a sea of despair. Katherine Kolcaba recognized the fact that pain may be a fact of life for some people (Comfort Line, n. d. ). We may not be able to eliminate all of the pain that they experience. In developing her concept of comfort for her Theory of Comfort, she considered three aspects of comfort: relief, ease, and transcendence (Comfort Line, n. d. ). Discomfort may be physical, psychospiritual, social, and environmental (Comfort Line, n. d. ). Learn how you can bring comfort to your patients who are suffering. Some theorists have a more narrow focus. If you are a maternal-child nurse, you may want to explore Ramona Mercer’s (2004) Theory of Becoming a Mother or Cheryl Tatano Beck’s Theory of Postpartum Depression (Lasiuk, & Ferguson, 2005). Learn the evidence-based assessment and interventions recommended by these nurses. Kristin Swanson developed her theory of caring after interviewing several women who had experienced a miscarriage (Jakobsen, 1998). Swanson asked these women to tell her about the nurses that cared for them after the miscarriage in order to determine what qualities a nurse needs to exhibit in order for patients to feel like their nurse really cares for them (Jakobsen, 1998). Swanson came up with five recurring themes that provide the framework for her theory of caring (Jakobsen, 1998). Indiana Wesleyan Virginia NUR 335 Henderson Basic Needs Theory Discussion Every theorist has a reason for approaching patients in a certain way. What is your story? How do you approach your patients? As you learn about these nursing theorists, you are encouraged to be open to considering new thoughts and new approaches to patient care. You will be asked to elaborate on this as you write your Personal Philosophy of Nursing paper due Workshop Five of this course. Instructions Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade. In your textbook, Professional Nursing: Concepts and Challenges , review Chapter 9, “Nursing Theory: The Basis for Professional Nursing.” Review the Resources for Workshop 2: Nursing Theory and Holistic Nursing . During Workshop 1 assignment 1.6, you were asked to choose a theorist from the following list for an in-depth study and post the theorist you were interested in presenting. If you did not do that, please check discussion forum 1.6 to see which theorists have not yet been chosen. Note : Each student in the cohort should select a different theorist. Phil Barker: Tidal Model of Mental Health Recovery Cheryl Tatano Beck: Postpartum Depression Theory Patricia Benner: Novice to Expert Georgene G. Eakes, Mary L. Burke, and Margaret A. Hainsworth: Theory of Chronic Sorrow Helen C. Erickson, Evelyn M. Tomlin, and Mary Ann P. Swain: Modeling and Role Modeling Virginia Henderson: Basic Needs Theory Dorothy E. Johnson: Behavioral System Model Imogene King: Theory of Goal Attainment Katharine Kolcaba: Theory of Comfort Madeline Leininger: Culture Care Theory of Diversity and Universality Myra Estrin Levine: The Conservation Model Ramona Mercer: Maternal Role Attainment-Becoming a Mother Betty Neuman: The Neuman Systems Theory Margaret Newman: Health as Expanding Consciousness Florence Nightingale: Modern Nursing Dorothea Orem: Self-Care Deficit Theory Indiana Wesleyan Virginia NUR 335 Henderson Basic Needs Theory Discussion Ida Jean Orlando: Nursing Process Theory Sister Callista Roy: Adaptation Model Kristen M. Swanson: Theory of Caring Jean Watson: The Philosophy and Science of Caring Search OCLS (select Nursing, under Article Databases; select CINAHL or ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health) and the internet for information on your chosen theorist/theory. References for various theories are listed on the Course Syllabus and in the files listed in the Resources section above. Some of the best information about the theories is from the 1990s when many of the theories were developed. Therefore, references older than 5 years are acceptable for this assignment. Prepare to discuss the following prompts: Provide a synopsis of the theory you have chosen and include a description of the key concepts of the theory. Include the approach the theorist would take when caring for patients – applying the theory to nursing practice including the types of settings where this theory could be applied. Share how the theory you have researched corresponds to your thoughts about nursing care and nursing practice. Research and select at least two current scholarly sources to support your explanations and insights. Your textbook, the internet resources listed above, and websites of the nursing theorists themselves are appropriate sources for this assignment. 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