Nursing Leadership and Management Essay

Nursing Leadership and Management Essay ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Nursing Leadership and Management Essay Overview of Leadership and Management Read Chapter 2 & 3 Discussion APA 6th edition format APA format: To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. Then type “TITLE OF YOUR PAPER” in the header flush left using all capital letters. The running head is a shortened version of your paper’s title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Nursing Leadership and Management Essay 500 words 3 references Textbook L., & Huston, C. J. (2021). Leadership roles and management functions in nursing (10th ed.). Philadelphia, PA:Wolters Kluwer. ISBN:978-1-975139-21-6 attachment_1 attachment_2 Chapter 2 Manager Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Management • Getting work done through others • Doing what is needed to assist employees to work well Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Management Theories Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Scientific Management • Efficiency-focused • Increasing productivity is the goal • Workflow and time to complete tasks is measured and evaluated. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Human Relations-Based Management Theory X • Work is something to be avoided. • People want to do as little work as possible. • Use: Control Supervision Punishment Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Human Relations-Based Management Theory Y • The work itself can be rewarding. • People really want to do their job well. • Support using – Guidance – Development – Reward Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Servant Leadership • People have value as people. • Commit to improving treatment at work. • Employee first Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Qualities of an Effective Manager • Leadership • Clinical expertise • Business sense Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Management • Decisional • Interpersonal • Informational Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Behavior of an Effective Manager • Interpersonal – Networking – Conflict negotiation and resolution – Employee development – Coaching – Rewards and punishments Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Behavior of an Effective Manager (cont’d) • Decisional activities – Employee evaluation – Resource allocation – Hiring and firing – Planning for the future – Job analysis and design Behavior of an Effective Manager (cont’d) • Informational activities – Spokesperson – Monitoring – Reporting Conclusion • Nursing management is a complex, responsible position. • Ineffective managers may harm – Employees – Clients – Organizations Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Chapter 3 Nursing Practice and the Law Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Objectives • • • • Identify three major sources of law. Explain the differences among various types of laws. Differentiate between negligence and malpractice. Explain the difference between an intentional tort and an unintentional tort. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Objectives (cont’d) • Explain how Standards of Care are used in determining negligence and malpractice. Nursing Leadership and Management Essay • Describe how nurse practice acts guide nursing practice. • Explain the purpose of licensure. • Explain the difference between internal standards and external standards. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Objectives (cont’d) • Discuss Advance Directives and how they pertain to patients’ rights. • Discuss the legal implications of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Meaning of Law • Law refers to any system of regulations that govern the conduct of individuals within a community and/or society in response to the need for regularity, consistency, and justice. • Law is the rules that prescribe and control social conduct in a formal and legally binding manner. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Types of Laws • Statutory law • Common law • Administrative law Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Statutory Law • Created by various legislative bodies – Congress – State legislatures • Examples of federal statutes – Patient Self-Determination Act of 1990 – The Americans with Disabilities Act Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Statutory Law (cont’d) • Examples of state statutes – Nurse Practice Acts – Good Samaritan Law Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Common Law • Comes from the traditional unwritten law of England. • Based on custom and usage. • Develops within the court system as judicial decisions are made. • One decision creates the precedence for another. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Administrative Law • Procedures created by administrative agencies – City councils – County boards – State government • Established through the authority given to government agencies by a legislative body – Boards of Nursing Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Sources of Law Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company The Constitution • Foundation of American law • The Bill of Rights • Limits the power of the government and protects citizens’ freedoms • Constitutional law evolves as issues emerge. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Statutes • Localities, state legislatures, and the U.S. Congress create statutes. • Ordinances – Local statutes – Example: noise ordinance • Nurses can influence the development of statutory laws. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Administrative Law • Created by administrative agencies that develop specific rules and regulations that direct the implementation of statutory law. • Rules must be consistent with statutory laws. • Specific statutory laws give state Boards of Nursing the authority to issue and revoke licenses. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Agencies • Department of Health and Human Services • Department of Labor • Department of Education Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Types of Laws Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Criminal Law Nursing Leadership and Management Essay • Felony • Misdemeanor • Juvenile Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Civil Law • • • • Tort Quasi-intentional tort Negligence Malpractice Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Other Laws Relevant to Nursing Practice Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Good Samaritan Laws • Created to encourage physicians and nurses to respond to emergencies • Protects licensed health-care providers from civil liability as long as they “behave in the same manner as an ordinary, reasonable, and prudent professional in the same or similar circumstances.” Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Confidentiality • Patients have the right to confidentiality. • Information should only be shared with others who have a “need to know.” • Need permission to share information • HIPAA Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Social Networking • Use of technology has caused an increase in violations of confidentiality. • Breach of confidentiality without intent • Need to be aware of institutional policies on social networking – Immediate termination – Cancellation of contracts/affiliation agreements with outside agencies Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Slander and Libel • • • • Quasi-intentional torts Slander refers to the spoken word. Libel refers to the written word. Can refer to patients, coworkers, or other individuals Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company False Imprisonment • Confining an individual against his or her will – Restraining – Detaining • Removing a patient’s clothes • Keeping a patient who has been medically discharged for an unreasonable amount of time Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Assault and Battery • Assault is the threat to do harm. • Battery is touching without consent. • The significance of an assault is embedded in the threat. • Often, the terms are used together. • Informed consent Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Standards of Practice Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Purpose • Guidelines to ensure quality of care • Criteria to determine if quality care has been delivered • May be specialty directed – AACN standards of care – AWHONN standards of care Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Internal Standards • • • • • Developed within institutions Usually explained within specific policies Included in Policy and Procedure Manuals Based on current literature and research Nursing responsibility to meet the institution’s standards Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Use of Standards in Nursing Negligence and Malpractice • • • • One of the elements used to determine liability Use of professional standards Institutional policy Standards of the Specialty organization if warranted • Expert opinions Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Patient’s Bill of Rights • Created by the American Hospital Association in 1973 and amended in 1992 • In 2003, replaced by the Patient Care Partnership • The patient rights were derived from the ethical principle of autonomy. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Informed Consent • Informed consent is a legal document in all 50 states. Nursing Leadership and Management Essay • Requires physicians to divulge the benefits, risks and alternatives to treatment, nontreatment, and/or procedures. • Allows individuals to be involved in choices about their health care. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Informed Consent (cont’d) • Permits health-care providers to “touch.” • Physicians are responsible for “obtaining” the informed consent. • Nurses are involved in the process when – Witnessing a signature – Clarifying questions • If a nurse assesses that a patient lacks a full understanding of the risks/benefits, the nurse should notify the physician. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Criteria for Informed Consent • A mentally competent adult as voluntarily given the consent. • The client understands exactly what he or she is consenting to. • The consent includes the risks involved in the procedure, alternative treatments, and risk of refusal. • The consent is written. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Implied Consent • Occurs when consent is assumed • Emergency situations • Child is involved and the health-care institution is unable to reach parents and/or legal guardians Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Staying Out of Court Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Prevention • Practice caring behaviors. • Demonstrate an interest in patients and their families. • Assist patients and families in making choices by providing information. • Maintain accountability. • Adhere to Standards of Practice. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Documentation • • • • • Needs to be legally credible Avoid charting by exception. Clear, concise, and accurate Only sign off on medications once administered. Document assessments after completion. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Keys to Credible Documentation • • • • Contemporaneous Accurate Truthful Appropriate Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Common Actions Leading to Malpractice Suits • Failure to assess properly • Failure to report changes in a patient’s condition to the appropriate personnel • Failure to document in a patient’s record • Altering or falsifying a patient’s record • Failure to obtain an informed consent • Failure to report a coworker’s negligence or poor practice • Violation of internal or external standards of practice Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company What to Do if Named in a Suit • • • • Contact the legal department of your institution. Answer the complaint. Obtain legal guidance/representation. Only sign documents after review by legal counsel or malpractice insurance company. • Maintain a file of all information connected to the case. • BE HONEST. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Professional Liability Insurance • Nurses need to consider obtaining insurance. • Policies protect nurses against personal financial loss. • If a nurse is found guilty of malpractice the employing agency has the right to sue the nurse to reclaim damages. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company End-of-Life Decisions and the Law • • • • Nursing Leadership and Management Essay Do Not Resuscitate Orders (DNRs) Advance Directives Patient Self-Determination Act Living Will Health-Care Surrogate Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Patient Self-Determination Act • Allows individuals to make decisions regarding treatment in advance of a time when they may be unable to make these decisions. • Federal law directs that health-care institutions that receive federal funding inform patients of their right to create advance directives. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Provisions of the Act • Provide information to every patient. • Document. – All patients must be asked if they have a Living Will. – Ask about a health-care surrogate (Durable Power of Attorney). – Must be placed in the patient’s record. • Educate. • Be respectful of patients’ rights. • Have cultural humility. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Nursing Implications • The Patient Self-Determination Act does not specify who should discuss treatment decisions or advance directives with patients. • Nurses are patient advocates. • Nurses need to have knowledge about documents pertaining to the Act. • Review institutional policies. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Issues Affecting Practice • Legal implications of mandatory overtime – Affects patient safety – Position statements from nursing organizations – Nurse Practice Acts • Licensure – Qualifications – Endorsement – Multistate • Disciplinary action Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company NCLEX-RN • Preparation – Review courses – NCSBN online NCLEX-RN study program • Test plan – Test plan blueprint changed in April 2013 – Changes in the blueprint are based on findings from practice. – Level of difficulty increased • Alternative question formats Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Preparing for NCLEX-RN • Be positive. • Use relaxation techniques. • Advance planning. – Pack an “NCLEX bag.” – Perform a “dry run” at the same time you would leave to get to the test site to familiarize yourself with the area, parking, etc. – Call the Center and see if you may bring water or snacks. • Eat well and get a good night’s sleep the night before the test. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company On the Day of the Test • Eat before you leave. • Leave early and give yourself sufficient time to arrive at your destination. • Bring a jacket or sweater. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company Conclusion • Nurses need to understand the legal issues regarding practice. • It is important to know and understand the Nurse Practice Acts in your state. • Patients expect nurses to provide safe, competent, and quality care. Copyright © 2015. F.A. Davis Company … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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