Points of Distribution and importance in disaster situations

Points of Distribution and importance in disaster situations ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Points of Distribution and importance in disaster situations Critically answering discussion board question and respond to two classmates’ posts. please see the attachments and don’t forget APA Format. Points of Distribution and importance in disaster situations attachment_1 LOG Point Of Distribution Points of Distribution (POD) can be extremely beneficial in disaster situations. They can also create concerns during an operation in regards to transporting supplies, safety, security and finding an optimum site for establishing a POD. Pick one area, either beneficial or detrimental; briefly explain how that would affect a disaster operation, and how you would improve upon the process. Remember you need to respond at least to two classmates’ posts 1st post Maureen Smyth Following a disaster, a point of distribution (POD) is where the community can go to obtain emergency supplies. When setting up POD’s, it is important to find a location with ample space for operations and storage of supplies, and consider accessibility for large scale deliveries of supplies, and for the public, whether it’s via car, foot, or mass transit. For safety reasons, it is recommended not to combine the mode of transportation. The US Army Corps of Engineers has recommended typing standards from smallest to largest below. They recommend servicing the public for up to 12 hours a day, from 7am-7pm. Shutting down access overnight provides the opportunity to resupply overnight, and it reduces operating in low light conditions, which may be a safety concern for the site, as well as supply recipients. Type 3: Dimensions: 150 x 300 feet Staffing: 19 personnel Loading Points: 3 Vehicle Lane(s): 1 Service Capacity: 5,000 people per day Type 2: Dimensions: 250 x 300 feet Staffing: 34 personnel Loading Points: 6 Vehicle Lane(s): 2 Service Capacity: 10,000 people per day Type 1: Dimensions: 250 x 500 feet Staffing: 78 personnel Loading Points: 12 Vehicle Lane(s): 4 Service Capacity: 20,000 people per day Type 1 is only used in large metropolitan areas As noted, POD’s may be the “Human Touch” element following a disaster. It may be a great opportunity to distribute additional information to the community. If the POD is a pedestrian-accessed location, it may be helpful to have a public address every 30 min, to provide updates on rescue efforts, disaster recovery, and how individuals can obtain assistance. If it is a vehicle-accessed POD, a public address could be unsafe, but a printed flier with information and avenues to assistance could be distributed along with water, food, and the emergency items being distributed. FEMA, 2010. IS-26: Guide to Points of Distribution. Retrieved from https://training.fema.gov/is/courseoverview.aspx?code=is-26. 2nd post Mohammed Alsulami Challenges in Setting Up Points of Distribution (POD) Points of distribution (POD) refer to the area that is one of the many central points from where supplies are disseminated to the public in a disaster-struck region. Supplies may include food, water, blankets, medicines, and other essential items for survival and sustenance. PODs have become a fundamental facet of humanitarian assistance in the event of a disaster. However, various challenges arise during rescue operations when making safety and transport arrangements along with locating a suitable area to set up these PODs (Sheu, 2007). They often require immense resources to establish and its operations are characterized by several logistical considerations. Funding Requirements for POD Setup Setting up a POD calls for the allocation of significant funding. This not only covers construction costs but also the cost of hiring adequate staff to keep the establishments running (Balcik & Beamon, 2008). In most cases, people volunteer their services at the POD. However, this may not always be the case. Therefore, funds need to be set aside to ensure smooth running of the PODs. In my opinion, these funds could instead be used to finance rescue operations and for compensating the victims and their families. Logistical Considerations For POD Setup Another drawback of having PODs is that they are time-consuming and involve plenty of logistics. POD sites are selected and finalized based on many factors and considerations. Some of the factors and deliberations include population density, traffic patterns, and design layouts of the POD. Hence, a significant amount of time is spent on planning a POD. In addition, the rescue teams have to decide and distribute the supplies proportionally among the victims. This by itself is a substantial responsibility and challenge. These factors would slow down a rescue operation during disaster management. Conclusion Planning well ahead of time would help with eliminating or minimizing the difficulties resulting from the creation of a POD. The success of a POD is measured by its ability to meet public needs. (Widener & Horner, 2011). To reduce costs, volunteers should be encouraged to come forth and assist victims during disaster operations. This would significantly cut down the cost of hiring additional staff for the rescue operations. References Balcik, B., & Beamon, B. M. (2008). Facility location in humanitarian relief. International Journal of Logistics, 11(2), 101-121. Sheu, J. B. (2007). Challenges of emergency logistics management. Widener, M. J., & Horner, M. W. (2011). A hierarchical approach to modeling hurricane disaster relief goods distribution. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(4), 821-828. 3rd Post Haifa Alhazmi POD provides a place to the public where emergency supplies are picked following a disaster. when there is a decrease in infrastructure to guarantee the normal distribution of food the POD applied it. POD comes in. Usually, PODs operate until the disaster is taken care of and power. The response team helps in the protection and salvage of the citizens’ possessions that have been ravaged by disaster. (Fikar, Gronalt, & Hirsch, 2016). However, to find an optimum side for the establishment of a POD is crucial to the success of disaster recovery. To ensure the establishment of a smooth-running POD, it is important to identify potential locations. Locations selected should be based on the population density of the area. A POD that takes advantage of a developed and a coordinated effort will ensure that disaster is handled efficiently (Rennemo et al., 2014). Points of Distribution and importance in disaster situations References Fikar, C., Gronalt, M., & Hirsch, P. (2016). A decision support system for coordinated disaster relief distribution. Expert Systems with Applications, 57, 104-116. Rennemo, S. J., Rø, K. F., Hvattum, L. M., & Tirado, G. (2014). A three-stage stochastic facility routing model for disaster response planning. Transportation research part E: logistics and transportation review, 62, 116-135 4th Post Lawrence Gerardi Points of Distribution (POD) can be extremely beneficial in disaster situations. They can also create concerns during an operation in regards to transporting supplies, safety, security and finding an optimum site for establishing a POD. Pick one area, either beneficial or detrimental; briefly explain how that would affect a disaster operation, and how you would improve upon the process. Security of a POD is extremely important and plays a vital role in ether a POD’s success or its failure. Without security measures at a POD the vulnerability of the POD increases. All dependent on the situation of the disaster, security of the supplies, people, transportation equipment, and staff are all very important in keeping a functioning POD. During a disaster incoming supplies hold very high value to the intended recipients, for this reason keeping the supplies safe from being stolen is beneficial in the overall disaster operation. Improving the process of security of a POD Contracts with ether local law enforcement to provide physical security at the location, or contracts with security agencies that can provide security guards. Location of POD, taking inconsideration it needs to have easy access for the public and good flow to move supplies in and out. Outer cordon should be established. Finding a place that is enclosed by ether walls fences or some natural barrier. This will deter people from trying to steal supplies. Organized entry and exits, that have switch backs that can keep the flow of people moving but also make it difficult for mobs to rush in. Points of Distribution and importance in disaster situations When first entering a disaster zone and establishing a POD, understanding the terrain, climate, people, and the magnitude of the disaster will dictate the amount of security needed. Using a Threat Assessment would provided a good bases on how much security would be needed. Points of Distribution and importance in disaster situations REF: Getting to the point: FEMA provides points-of-distribution training in tennessee. (2010). (). Lanham: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc. Retrieved from Research Library Retrieved from https://ezproxy.philau.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.philau.edu/docview/744369582?accountid=28402 FEMA and USACE develop points of distribution guide, video and independent study course for State/Local/Nongovernmental partners. (2009). (). Lanham: Federal Information & News Dispatch, Inc. Retrieved from Research Library Retrieved from https://ezproxy.philau.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.philau.edu/docview/192397135?accountid=28402 Security boost at food distribution points ordered. (2013, ). Pakistan Observer Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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