Psychological Theory and Practice

Psychological Theory and Practice ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Psychological Theory and Practice Psychological Theory and Practice attachment_1 Answer all of the following questions to prepare for your re-take of the comprehensive exam. I will provide you with feedback after receiving your responses. Psychological Theory and Practice Be sure to answer all the questions and to put all answers in your own words (do not include any quotations) to give me the best sense of your knowledge so I will know how to be most helpful. (If you leave a question blank, feedback will not be provided.) Psychological Theory and Practice Triage/Assessment What assessments would you conduct to enhance your understanding of the client’s problems and how would your choice of assessment(s) inform your diagnostic formation and treatment planning? Assessments may include structured or unstructured interviews, valid and reliable assessment measures, and/or formalized assessment procedures that may be conducted by yourself or by someone else referred by you. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) Why are assessment tools (psychological tests) also called measures? What order should the three activities of diagnosis, treatment, and assessment occur when working with a client? In other words, which should happen first, second, and third? Why? You are encouraged to refer to your mid-course project (M3_A2) for FP6020 Individual Assessment course when answering questions 3-9. What kind of information do personality tests provide about a person? Why is it important to conduct a personality test as part of the comprehensive psychological assessment that you will discuss on the exam? What are two commonly used personality tests? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ What kind of information do intelligence tests provide about a person? What does IQ stand for? Why is it important to conduct an intelligence test as part of the comprehensive psychological assessment that you will discuss on the exam? What are two commonly used intelligence tests? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ On the exam why is it important to discuss administering a suicide assessment rather than just asking the person in the vignette whether they are suicidal? What are two commonly used suicide assessments (tests)? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ On the exam why is it important to discuss administering an alcohol/substance use assessment rather than just asking the person in the vignette whether they use drugs or alcohol? What are two commonly used alcohol/substance abuse assessments (tests)? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ On the exam why is it important to discuss administering an assessment for psychosis rather than just asking the person in the vignette whether they are mentally ill? What are two commonly used psychosis assessments (tests)? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ On the exam why is it important to discuss administering an assessment for mental status rather than just asking someone what their mental status is? What is the commonly used mental status assessment tool (tests)? ___________________________________ On the exam why is it important to discuss administering an assessment for a psycholegal issue rather than just asking someone about their psycholegal status? What are the three most common types of psycholegal assessments? (Hint: Name the three psycholegal issues – not the specific tests to measure them.) ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ On the exam why is it important to discuss administering an assessment tool from each of the above areas of personality, intellect, suicidality, alcohol/substance use, psychosis, mental status, and a psycholegal issue? Diagnosis Provide your diagnostic impressions (based on the DSM-5) for this individual. In narrative form, please describe how the individual meets the diagnostic criteria for the disorder(s) chosen in addition to the differential diagnostic thought process that you used to reach your hypotheses. Be sure to include any additional (missing) information that is needed to either rule out or confirm your differential diagnoses. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) List any two disorders for each of the following categories of disorders in the DSM-5. Neurodevelopmental Disorders a. b. Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders a. b. Bipolar and Related Disorders a. b. Depressive Disorders a. b. Anxiety Disorders a. b. Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders a. b. Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders a. b. Dissociative Disorders a. b. Somatic Symptom Disorders a. b. Feeding and Eating Disorders a. b. Elimination Disorders a. b. Sleep-Wake Disorders a. b. Sexual Dysfunctions a. b. Gender Dysphoria a. b. Disruptive, Impulse Control and Conduct Disorders a. b. Substance Use and Addictive Disorders a. b. Neurocognitive Disorders a. b. Personality Disorders a. b. Paraphilic Disorders a. b. Other Disorders a. b. Why is it important to refer to the current DSM as the DSM-5 instead of the DSM-V? How should the DSM be cited the first time it is referred to on the exam? (xxxxxxxxx, xxxx) – fill in the blanks How should the DSM be cited the second and all other times it is referred to on the exam? (xxxxxxxxx, xxxx) – fill in the blanks Why is it important to give both an actual diagnosis and a differential diagnosis for the person in the vignette on the exam? (Be sure to define both in your answer.) Why is it important to give both a primary and secondary diagnosis for the person in the vignette on the exam? (Be sure to define both in your answer.) On the exam why is it important to discuss all of the criteria for a disorder when diagnosing the person in the vignette? Practice your diagnostic decision making skills based on the following information. Max has had severe hallucinations for the past four months. Does Max meet criteria to be given a diagnosis of schizophrenia? Why or why not? (Hint: be as specific as possible in your reasoning.) Based on question 5, what would be a differential diagnosis for Max? (Hint: only list disorders that are in the “Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders” category of the DSM.) _________________________________________ _________________________________________ On the exam why is it important to be clear on the difference between a symptom and a disorder? How are the two different? Mania is the primary symptom of _______________________ disorder. Describe the symptom of mania. Psychosis is the primary symptom of _______________________ disorder. Describe the symptom of psychosis. Psychopathy is the primary symptom of _______________________ disorder. Describe the symptom of psychopathy. Legal Theory and Application Theoretical Formulation Explain the background, current presentation, and behavior of the client utilizing theories of offender and/or victim psychology and personality/psychological theories to support your position. Do not simply restate the client’s presentation from the vignette. Instead, provide a theoretical-based discussion of the client’s behaviors as presented in the vignette. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) List three types of offender or victim theories that could be used to explain the criminal behavior of the person in the vignette on the exam: a. b. c. List three types of personality or psychological theories that could be used to explain criminal behavior of the person in the vignette on the exam: a. b. c. Why is it important discuss a theory in terms of how it explains the behavior and functioning of the person in the vignette rather than just describing the theory? Why is it important to discuss two theories in depth on the exam to explain the person’s behavior rather than discussing multiple theories briefly? Legal Implications Describe the psycholegal standards and/or definitions for each of the following: competence to stand trial, risk of dangerousness, and insanity . Identify and describe one or more landmark case(s) for each standard (at least three cases total). Describe the elements or issues that a mental health professional usually focuses on when assessing a person’s adjudicative competence, risk and insanity, and any additional items that might be especially important to focus on in the provided vignette. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) Why is assessment of risk a more appropriate term than prediction of risk? Why is it important to discuss a risk of dangerousness evaluation only in terms of harm to others rather than harm to self? Why is it important to discuss a risk of dangerousness evaluation in terms of assessing the risk of recommitting violent crime, such as assault, rather than risk of recommitting non-violent crime, such as check fraud? Not all offenders need a competency or insanity evaluation, but what are some disorders that an offender might have that could cause them to need one? Do the terms insanity, criminal responsibility, mental state at the time of the offense, and not guilty by reason of insanity essentially all mean the same thing? Answer questions 6-9 in terms of competency and insanity. (Fill in each blank with either “competency” or “insanity.”) _______________________ evaluation is attempting to determine whether a person can understand their charges and participate in their defense. _______________________ evaluation is attempting to determine whether a person knew the difference between right and wrong at the time of their crime. _____________________________ is the psycholegal issue that has to do with a person’s mental functioning at the time of the crime , and __________________________ is the psycholegal issue that has to do with a person’s current mental functioning. _____________________________ is decided upon by a jury, and _____________________________ is decided by a judge. Why is it important to know that a person cannot be both not competent to stand trial and legally insane at the same time? Answer question 11 in terms of all three psycholegal issues. (Fill in each blank with one of the following terms: competency, risk of dangerousness, or insanity.) ________________________ and ______________________ evaluations assess for psychosis, and __________________________ evaluation assesses for psychopathy. List the name of one major, historical legal case for each of these psycholegal issues. (Just list the title of the case as +++++ vs. +++++) Legal case for Competence to Stand Trial __________________________________ Legal case for Risk of Dangerousness ____________________________________ Legal case for Insanity ________________________________________________ Research and Evaluation Forensic Evaluation Describe tests or assessment procedures you would employ to address the psycholegal issues of (competence to stand trial, risk of dangerousness, and insanity). You may refer to these from the Psychological Theory and Assessment Section “A” if you already covered them there. Discuss what the anticipated conclusions would be based upon information provided in the vignette. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) List two examples of tests that specifically assess Competence to Stand Trial: _________________________________________ _________________________________________ List two examples of tests that specifically assess for Risk of Dangerousness: _________________________________________ _________________________________________ What are some legal standards regarding insanity/criminal responsibility? _________________________________________ _________________________________________ List the only test that specifically assess Insanity/criminal responsibility: _________________________________________ Why it is important to know the difference between the legal standards for insanity/criminal responsibility and test that assesses it? Why is it important to discuss administering an assessment tool from each of the above areas of competence to stand trial, risk of dangerousness, and insanity/criminal responsibility) on the exam? Treatment Recommendations and Empirical Support Develop one empirically supported therapeutic treatment plan for the client in the vignette. Please make sure you summarize the empirical evidence with appropriate citations to support your treatment choice(s) in working with your client. Be sure to discuss the effectiveness and limitations in working with this particular client, including this client’s background, using the above treatment plans. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) Why is it important to discuss evidence-based treatment for the person in the vignette on the exam? List up to four theoretical orientations: _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ Why is it important to consider which therapeutic modality is most commonly used on offenders? On the exam why is it important to focus on a theoretical orientation as the foundation of a treatment plan? On the exam why is it important to discuss a treatment plan for the person in the vignette rather than a case management plan? On the exam why is it important to avoid discussing any medications that you think a person in the vignette needs? Why is it important to discuss using an objective measure to gauge whether the treatment for the person in the vignette is working? Interpersonal Effectiveness Writing/APA What diversity factors, cultural considerations, or other demographic variables pertaining to this client would you take into account in rendering diagnoses, choosing assessment measures, forming case conceptualizations, and designing the treatment plan? Be sure to discuss cultural/diversity factors that could apply even if they are not explicitly mentioned in the vignette. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) What is the demographic variable related to that which shapes a person’s overall belief system? Hint: it has something to do with what many people do on Sunday mornings, or in some cases, Saturdays. What is the demographic variable related to the year in which people were born? What is the demographic variable related to differences in our anatomy? What is the demographic variable related to how much people earn *and* their level of education? What is the demographic variable related to the gender of people’s romantic partners? What is the demographic variable related to what we speak? What is the demographic variable related to physical and mental inability? What is the difference between the demographic variables of ethnicity and race? Why is it important to discuss a consideration of multiple demographic variables on the exam, including ones that are not mentioned in the vignette? On the exam why is it important to discuss research from scholarly articles about demographic variables that might apply to the person in the vignette rather than just providing your own opinion on them? Diversity/Multicultural Competence Your writing, use of citations, ability to form a logical argument, and proper APA Style, including the use of paraphrasing, will be evaluated as a measure of your interpersonal effectiveness. No response is required for “B”. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) Why is it important to use peer-reviewed sources and to avoid .com, .net, and .org websites for your information on the exam? Why is it important to paraphrase (put the ideas of others into your own words) on the comprehensive exam instead of cutting and pasting them exactly? (Essentially, this question is asking why paraphrasing is better than quoting.) Why is it important to include a citation when paraphrasing an author’s words or ideas? What should be included in a citation in the parentheses? ( ___________ , xxxx ) Fill in the blanks. When should a page number be included in a citation? Should references be double spaced or single spaced? How is the publication date listed in a reference – the day, month, and year; the month and year; or just the year? Are the authors always listed alphabetically within a reference? How are page numbers indicated in a reference – p., pp., or neither? What should be italicized in a reference – the journal title, the article title, or neither? What else should be italicized in a reference – the journal volume number, journal issue number, or neither? Should a doi be included in a reference? Why is it important to avoid using the word “I” in formal writing on the exam? Why is it unnecessary to write any of the following phrases on the exam: “I think…” or “I believe…” or “I would…” or “In my opinion…” Leadership, Consultation, and Ethics Professional Roles Describe how you would work within a professional treatment team to consult, triage, and treat this case. Include a description of the various members of the professional team with whom you would be likely to interact. Additionally, explain the roles and responsibilities of each member of the treatment team. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) What is the name of the type of professional who conducts therapy? What is the name of the type of professional who conducts psychological evaluations on court-related matters? What is the name of the type of professional who oversees or coordinates the case of a given offender? What is the name of the type of professional who prescribes medications for psychological disorders? What are the initials that indicate the degree for this profession? What is the name of the type of professional who evaluates a person’s overall physical health? Why would a prosecutor and defense attorney both not be on the same treatment team? What is the name of the type of professional who monitors and checks on offenders after they are released back to the community? On the exam why is it important to discuss all of the above professions for an ideal treatment team for the person in the vignette? Why is it important to be clear on the difference between a forensic mental health professional and a forensic psychologist? (Be sure to define both in your answer.) Why is it important to not refer to yourself as a forensic psychologist on the exam or in real life? Ethical Issues What are the ethical and legal dilemmas this vignette introduced? What would be your immediate steps and why? Please be specific and make sure that you describe your process of ethical decision making and the solutions/consequences to which this process might lead. Your discussion should be informed by the American Psychological Association’s Ethics Code as well as the Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists. (This question is directly from the exam, and your below responses will help you to answer it when you take the exam again.) What is the title of the document that describes the ethical guidelines for psychologists? (Be sure to include the name of the organization that publishes it.) What is the title of the document that describes specific ethical guidelines for forensic psychologists? (Be sure to include the name of the organization that publishes it.) Why is it important to mention and refer to both of the above documents on the exam? Why is it important to discuss both informed consent and confidentiality on the exam? Why is it important to provide informed consent for either therapy or an evaluation (even a court mandated evaluation)? Why is it important to tell a therapy client that in certain situations their information might need to be disclosed without their permission or without a court order? What might a situation like that be? The most important element of informed consent (which is described in question 6) is the therapist or evaluator letting the person receiving services know the _________________ on confidentiality. Hint: the missing word begins with the letter “L”. Why is it important to avoid being both a therapist and an evaluator for the same person? What is this situation called? ______________________________________ Why is it important to identify and discuss an ethical decision making model on the exam? List all the steps in an eight step ethical decision making model: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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