Role of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program Discussion

Role of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program Discussion ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Role of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program Discussion I need support with this Health & Medical question so I can learn better. Role of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program Discussion Attached you will find the articles and the requirement from the professor. Topic: Confirmation of Hearing Loss in Infants Referred From UNHS Methods available, recommendations and current challenges -analysts of economic and cultural issues. I need help on: 1.Abstract/Summary (250 words max) 2.Introduction/Background –”Serves the table” Present the topic contextualize, gives the reader necessary background information to understand the main points to be discussed and possible contributions 3.Aims, Objectives : What is your research project about ? The objectives of the work should be explicit either at the end of the introduction/background section or in a separate page with subtitle. Questions: Can I received the paper by Thursdays 4/2/2020? How much do I need to pay for this? professor_guidelinesresearch_paper_students_use__1_.pptx article_1___assessment_of_at_risk_children.pdf.pdf article_2___past_present_and_future_of_h._assessment.pdf.pdf article_3___guidelines_and_laws.pdf.pdf article_4___mother_s_a Writing a Research Report M . Perez Abalo PhD Professor Recommendations for students use only 3/31/2020 1 The research paper/project • Must have all sections identified and correctly labeled – Title page /authors affiliation – Abstract (separate page) – Introduction/ Background – Main Body : Varies if its an experimental paper , a clinical case description or a review of a topic – Discussion/Conclusions – List of Reference in APA format 3/31/2020 2 Structure of the Research Project 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 3/31/2020 Initial Page : Title and author/r and affiliation/s Abstract/Summary (250 words max) Introduction/Background –”Serves the table” Present the topic contextualize, gives the reader necessary background information to understand the main points to be discussed and possible contributions Aims, Objectives : What is your research project about ? The objectives of the work should be explicit either at the end of the introduction/background section or in a separate page with subtitle Main body–This section varies for each type of RP-see next Discussion/conclusion : The final interpretation of the results/topic described in the project , main contributions, possible limitations, and directions for future research Also the final take away message or concluding comments re the topic being reviewed as well as the author/student interpretation Reference list in APA format and in text citations (see more details in the corresponding section/slides) 3 Specs /Format • All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. • In each section give the details, information and data corresponding to that section (see following specs &guidelines). • Pages should be numbered (Maximum 10 Minimum 5-not including the title page ). • Use separate pages for the Title, Abstract and the References list (APA format). 3/31/2020 4 Tips for the Abstract • Summary (Words 120-150) in a paragraph, block formatted • Provides an overview of the whole article (it’s a summary :only the essence) • Use one or two brief sentences with the introduction/ background , • Emphasize on the objective or aims of the present project • Give some important details of the methods and the main results and a brief conclusion or final comments on the contribution 3/31/2020 5 Introduction/Background Section • General overview of literature ( 2-3 pages) in relation to the RP main topic • “Serves the table” or creates the context to understand the importance , originality/scientific value of the “research study/studies being reviewed by the student or the clinical case to be discussed/described” • Includes in text citations (in APA format and style) to fundament the introduction Use the name and year of each publication or study cited and be sure to include the complete reference information in APA format at the end (Reference List) • Briefly summarize what has been already investigated/the existing evidence on this particular topic and what would be the specific contribution or clarification of the present study • Finish the introduction with the specific research questions and expectations of the project (study aim/s or objective/s) of the work) 3/31/2020 6 Main Body: Clinical Case • Describe here all info relevant to the patient history, symptoms and signs , as well as test results /labs – • Discuss the diagnosis of the patient and the differential diagnosis in reference to related cases or syndromes • Include intervention treatments received or planned Rehabilitation & Prognosis • You may use subtitles/headings to separate different sections in the main body of the project and the different aspects to be considered 3/31/2020 7 Role of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program Discussion Experimental Paper • • • • • • • 3/31/2020 Abstract Introduction Methods Results Discussion Conclusions Reference List 8 Method Section: HOW? • Give details (summarized) of the methods in the study or studies reviewed such as sample sizes characterization of participants; research design and procedures used • If there are several experiments organize accordingly the section (subtitles or headings) to account for each of these • In case your work is a theoretical analysis you may explain in this section the methodology used for the Literature review, the selection criteria and sources of information, the data bases searched and/or number of papers investigated etc. 3/31/2020 9 Results Section • Provide a through description of the main findings in the study or studies reviewed by the student which are the focus of your paper • For a better understanding of the main findings of your research paper use “your own versions of tables and/or figures” to summarize the results-do NOT copy paste fro the published articles reviewed • Each table or figure must have the sources for the data correctly cited to avoid misrepresentation • Provide a written description and reference in the text for each table and/or figure (numbered sequentially) • Words like “ note” or “observe” may be used in the corresponding narrative in the results /methods section to emphasize key points in each of these tables and figures 3/31/2020 10 Results : Tables and figures • Tables and/or figures should be used by the student to summarize the data of the articles reviewed • The use of tables &/or figures is strongly recommended in the results section • Tables and/or figures should be made by the student (Do not copy and paste from the published articles or references materials that you are summarizing) • The specific findings or results must be directly shown and not only mentioned in the text • The sources for the information should be cited at the bottom of the table or figure or in each row of a table if it comprises or summarizes several sources. • Tables and figures should be numbered sequentially in the research paper with a legend under each. 3/31/2020 11 More on Tables & Figures • Each table /figure need a narrative in the corresponding results section to walk the reader through the key points of that table / graph. • The narrative or comments in the corresponding section will make reference to the table number and describe /explain what should be noted in that table or figure without repeating the actual results. 3/31/2020 12 Discussion/Conclusion Section • Summary of the main findings reviewed by the student with an interpretation of these results • Compare the findings reported in this project with other related findings/research already published : – Are your findings in agreement/ support/expand previous research/knowledge in the fields? Which of these findings are original new/novelty – If there is some discrepancy in the present results with previous findings explain possible reasons (methodological differences, study sample, design) • Emphasize the specific contributions /originality of this research paper • You may also indicate what aspects remain for future research and how should they be addressed. 3/31/2020 13 Conclusions (1 paragraph) • This final section provides the student/s final conclusions of the study/s contribution in the context on what was already evidenced/known for the particular subject investigated • In what way the study advanced science?, expand previous knowledge?/ replicate findings? • The conclusion will not enumerate the different results but will integrate /interpret all the results in the context of the body of research already published in this topic • Use terminology such as this study demonstrates , …provides new evidence on ….expands previous knowledge 3/31/2020 14 References • References (APA style) must be cited correctly and consistently (use the same format throughout the text) Include in the references only published research articles/books chapters in the web of science • Note that there is a specific way (and rules) to cite in the paper and another more detailed in the references list at the end • The list must include not only the paper/s reviewed by the student which is object of this exercise but also all those that are cited in the introduction & the discussion section (related research in the topic) as well as the instruments or scales (if applicable) in the methods section 3/31/2020 15 References (cont) • Role of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program Discussion All papers or research data reviewed or used by the student (including tables and/or figures) need to be correctly cited in the text to avoid Misrepresentation of research results • In the reference section at the end of your paper please give all necessary information including authors research title , journal or book, volume pages and year (see APA guidelines) • The list of references at the end must include all references in the text with a one to one correspondence 3/31/2020 16 Reference Citations in Text APA style – in-text citations are placed within sentences and paragraphs for example in the introduction, methods and discussion – The last name of the author and the year of publication are inserted in the text at the appropriate point Ex….from theory on bounded rationality (Simon, 1945) ; …as has been shown (Leiter & Maslach, 1998) – When a work has three, four, or five authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs Ex Kahneman, Knetsch, and Thaler (1991) found…… – In all subsequent citations per paragraph, include only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” (Latin for “and others”) and the year of publication. 3/31/2020 17 Reference list in APA style • References cited in the text of a research paper must appear in a Reference List or bibliography. This list provides the information necessary to identify and retrieve each source. – – – – – – – – – 3/31/2020 Order: Entries should be arranged in alphabetical order by authors’ last names. Sources without authors are arranged alphabetically by title within the same list. Authors: Write out the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work. Use an ampersand (&) instead of the word “and” when listing multiple authors of a single work. e.g. Smith, J. D., & Jones, M. Titles: Capitalize only the first word of a title or subtitle, and any proper names that are part of a title. Pagination: Use the abbreviation p. or pp. to designate page numbers of articles from periodicals that do not use volume numbers, especially newspapers. These abbreviations are also used to designate pages in encyclopedia articles and chapters from edited books. Indentation*: The first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, and all subsequent lines are indented (5 to 7 spaces) to form a “hanging indent”. Underlining vs. Italics*: It is appropriate to use italics instead of underlining for titles of books and journals. Two additional pieces of information should be included for works accessed online. Internet Address**: A stable Internet address should be included and should direct the reader as close as possible to the actual work. If the work has a digital object identifier (DOI), use this. If there is no DOI or similar handle, use a stable URL. If the URL is not stable, as is often the case with online newspapers and some subscription-based databases, use the home page of the site you retrieved the work from. Date: If the work is a finalized version published and dated, as in the case of a journal article, the date within the main body of the citation is enough. However, if the work is not dated and/or is subject to change, as in the case of an online encyclopedia article, include the date that you retrieved the information. 18 Reference List Examples References to periodical articles must include the following elements: author(s), date of publication, article title, journal title, volume number, issue number (if applicable), and page numbers. 1. Journal article, one author : Ku, G. (2008). Learning to de-escalate: The effects of regret in escalation of commitment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 105(2), 221-232. 2. Journal article, two authors Sanchez, D., & King-Toler, E. (2007). Addressing disparities consultation and outreach strategies for university settings. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59(4), 286-295. 3. Journal article, more than two authors, accessed online Van Vugt, M., Hogan, R., & Kaiser, R. B. (2008). Leadership, followership, and evolution: Some lessons from the past. American Psychologist, 63(3), 182-196. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.63.3.182 4. Article from an Internet-only journal Hirtle, P. B. (2008, July-August). Copyright renewal, copyright restoration, and the difficulty of determining copyright status. D-Lib Magazine, 14(7/8). doi:10.1045/july2008-hirtle 5. Journal article from a subscription database (no DOI) Colvin, G. (2008, July 21). Information worth billions. Fortune, 158(2), 73-79. Retrieved from Business Source Complete, EBSCO. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com 6. Books References to an entire book must include the following elements: author(s) or editor(s), date of publication, title, place of publication, and the name of the publisher. Ex Frank, R. H., & Bernanke, B. (2007). Principles of macro-economics (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. 3/31/2020 19 Abbreviations • According to APA abbreviations are best used only when they allow for clear communication with the audience • Abbreviations should be limited to instances when a) the abbreviation is standard and will not interfere with the reader’s understanding and b) if space and repetition can be greatly avoided through abbreviation. • When abbreviating a term, use the full term the first time you use it, followed immediately by the abbreviation in parentheses • Avoid use abbreviations in the title except when are clearly defined first 3/31/2020 20 References final comments • All research papers must include at least 5-8 references of articles published in recognized scientific journals from the WEB of Science or text books –(in the later case cite the chapter and page utilized) in APA format • Although specific References from the web are allowed the internet address need to be cited as follows “ Internet Address**: A stable Internet address should be included and should direct the reader as close as possible to the actual work. If the work has a digital object identifier (DOI), use this. If there is no DOI or similar handle, use a stable URL. • If the URL is not stable, as is often the case with online newspapers and some subscription-based databases, use the home page of the site you retrieved the work. • The paper must be written in clear English , use short sentences direct ideas and following a clear rationale 3/31/2020 21 THIEME Original Research 157 Hearing Assessment of Neonates at Risk for Hearing Loss at a Hearing Health High Complexity Service: An Electrophysiological Assessment 1 Maternity, Hospital do Trabalhador do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil 2 Speech Therapy Clinic, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil 3 Communication Disorders Program, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil 4 Department of Audiology, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Curitiba, Juliana De Conto3 Address for correspondence Claudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves, Programa de Distúrbios da Comunicação – Pro-reitoria de PósGraduação, Pesquisa e Extensão, Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, Rua Sydnei Antonio Rangel Santos, 238–Santo Inácio, Curitiba, PR, 82010-330, Brazil (e-mail: [email protected]). PR, Brazil Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019;23:157–164. Abstract Keywords ? ? ? ? ? hearing risk factors newborn screening early diagnosis hearing loss Introduction Hearing is the main sensory access in the ?rst years of life. Therefore, early detection and intervention of hearing impairment must begin before the ?rst year of age. Objective To analyze the results of the electrophysiological hearing assessment of children at risk for hearing loss as part of the newborn hearing screening (NHS). Methods This is a cross-sectional study held at a hearing health public service clinic located in Brazil, with 104 babies at risks factors for hearing loss referred by public hospitals. A questionnaire was applied to parents, and the auditory brainstem response (ABR) test was held, identifying those with alterations in the results. The outcome of the NHS was also analyzed regarding risk factor, gestational age and gender. Results Among the 104 subjects, most of them were male (53.85%), and the main risk factor found was the admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for a period longer than 5 days (50.93%). Eighty-?ve (81.73%) subjects were screened by NHS at the maternity and 40% of them failed the test. Through the ABR test, 6 (5.77%) infants evidenced sensorineural hearing loss, 4 of them being diagnosed at 4 months, and 2 at 6 months of age; all of them failed the NHS and had family history and admission at NICU for over 5 days as the most prevalent hearing risks; in addition, family members of all children perceived their hearing impairment. Conclusion Advances could be observed regarding the age of the diagnosis after the implementation of the NHS held at the analyzed public service clinic. Introduction Hearing is considered the main sensory access at the beginning of human beings’ lives, enabling them to pay attention, identify, locate sounds and integrate essential hearing experiences for the speech and language development. Hearing loss in the early stages of life may lead to emotional, cognitive and social disorders.Role of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening Program Discussion 1 received October 30, 2017 accepted February 18, 2018 published online May 9, 2018 DOI https://doi.org/ 10.1055/s-0038-1648217. ISSN 1809-9777. The study assessed the level of cognitive, affective and social development in children with diagnosis of hearing loss. It was concluded that the most signi?cant gaps occurred in activities of verbal and non-verbal language comprehension and expression, in addition to damages in relationship competencies of personal-social behavior.2 The reasons for infants’ hearing loss are diverse, and may occur before, during or after birth; they can also be classi?ed Copyright © 2019 by Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil This document was downloaded for personal use only. Unauthorized distribution is strictly prohibited. Flavia Mara Fernandes da Silva Reis1,2 Claudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves3 Milena Iantas2 Débora Lüders3 Jair Marques4 Hearing Assessment of Neonates Reis et al. as genetic and non-genetic, congenital or acquired. According to the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing (JCIH),3 the risk indicators related for hearing loss in infancy include: family members’ perception of hearing impairment, genetic predisposition, family history of childhood sensorineural hearing loss, birth conditions, admission at an intensive care unit (ICU) for over 5 days, hyperbilirubinemia exceeding 30 mg/dl (requiring exchange transfusion) and persistent pulmonary hypertension requiring mechanical ventilation; drug administration factors have also been proposed as risk factors for ototoxicity, craniofacial anomalies, in-utero infections (cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, toxoplasmosis, rubella, syphilis among others), infant infectious/viral diseases, birth traumas and need for chemotherapy. Due to the negative impact of hearing impairment on child development, the World Health Organization recommends the newborn hearing screening (NHS).4 The Brazilian Ministry of Health implemented the National Policy on Hearing Healthcare (PNASA, in the Portuguese acronym),5 considering the guiding tenets of the Brazilian Uni?ed Health System (SUS, in the Portuguese acronym): universality, integrality and equity. Thus, it is objecti?ed to meet the dema … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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