South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion

South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion I will upload the work I completed from week 1 to 8 and I want you to use it to complete the following two assignments. South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion I will also upload and also copy and paste the samples of completed work another student did on a different topic so you understand what is expected Question 1: Submit EBP project with Implementation Plan and Evaluation Plan in APA discussion format. Note EBP plan should resemble plan on page 248 of the Melnyx text. Please remember to add the plan and evaluation because it is not added in the file of week 1-8 that I uploaded. Question 2: Then present this final EBP project in powerpoint attachment_1 attachment_2 attachment_3 Week 1 Question To complete this week, after reading chapter one in Melnyk and reviewing the lectures you need to consider the topic of interest to you. List a ONE to two-word topic that you want to explore further and why you are interested in this topic. This topic encompasses the question that you have been generating throughout your program.As an example I may choose the topic of depression, as I am interested in all of the depression I am seeing in the primary care office. Next week I will explore the background of this topic and this will lead to my PICOT question. My week 1 Response: I would like to explore bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder was initially known as manic depression. It is a health condition that affects the mind, and it leads to severe mood swings which are inclusive of emotional highs. Bipolar disorder affects about 3% of the American adult population and so far there has not been any conclusive answer on the cause of the disorder. When one becomes depressed, they may feel very sad and also feel hopeless and may also not show interest or pleasure in many co-curriculum activities. When the mood swings to hypomania one will be feeling euphoric and be full irritable and full of energy. The mood swings can be affecting one’s strength, judgment, sleep and the ability to think transparently. Although the disorder is a condition that stays for a long time, one can be able to manage the mood swings and also other symptoms through a treatment plan. In many cases, the treatment of bipolar disorder is by psychological counseling and also by use of medications (Geddes, & Miklowitz, 2013).There are many bipolar types and related disorders. The disorder may include hypomania or mania or other main episodes of depression. The symptoms of the disease can sometimes bring changes which are not easy to predict in the moods and the behavior, causing distress and difficulties in life. Bipolar (1) disorder-One may have one manic episode, and may be having one manic disorder which can be followed or even preceded by main depressive episodes, and lead to hypomanic. Bipolar (2) you can have one episode of depression and have one episode of hypomanic, and one may not be having a manic disorder. Cyclothymic Disorder. You may be having like two years; one year in children age and the other one in the teenage level. ReferenceGeddes, J. R., & Miklowitz, D. J. (2013). Treatment of bipolar disorder. The Lancet , 381 (9878), 1672-1682. Week 2 Question Post your background question and your strategy for getting a comprehensive understanding of the clinical issue. As you work on your capstone project proposal, you will want to share your progress with your peers and instructor and seek or provide guidance or share insights. By the due date assigned , go to the Discussion Area and post responses to the discussion question. All responses should be posted to the appropriate topic in this Discussion Area . It is important to support what you say with relevant citations in the APA format from both the course materials and outside resources. Include the South University online library in your research activities utilizing not only the nursing resource database, but also those pertaining to education, business, and human resources. My week 2 Response : PICOTWhat is the difference between bipolar I and bipolar II?”A large number of people believe that one must have a quick change of the moods when they have bipolar disorder; however, there are different types of symptoms for the disorder. All moods have different manifestations, and not all have mania. It is only a physician who can provide the right diagnosis of a feeding disorder. There is a difference between bipolar I and bipolar II. The strategy in understanding the clinical issue is through interviews and studies on literature concerning bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder I In bipolar one disorder, all signs have to meet the full criteria of the manic episode. It is not a must for a person to have depression for one to have bipolar disorder I; the many people with the diagnosis experience both the episode and moods. The manic episode has to include at least three of the following symptoms. High need for sleep Being more talkative Having racing thoughts South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion The increased urge of taking risks Mania episode is more extreme than immediate bursts of happy moods and energy. Mania mostly results in problems at school, the workplace, and personal relationships. Hospitalization is needed in most cases. A manic episode has characteristics of irritable moods like an elevated person with the Bipolar I. One should not assume the absence of a manic episode just because one does not appear enthusiastic or happy. Bipolar Disorder II For one to be diagnosed as having Bipolar II, one need to be experiencing episodes which are depressive and severe cases of hypomania. When a person has mania, they are most likely to suffer extreme excitement which may run for days. These symptoms may escalate causing problems at work or in carrying out daily routines like driving (Smith, 2018). However, the moods do not necessarily require hospitalization. When a person reaches the depressive mode, they must exhibit at least three of the following symptoms. South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion Changes in sleep patterns Changes in eating habits Depressed moods Tiredness Suicidal thoughts Lack of concentration Lack of pressure in the activities previously enjoyed Feeling of unworthiness A large number of people seen to have bipolar disorder II are perceived to be having depression just because they do not report the moods to the doctor. Many people having Bipolar II are at high risk of developing eating disorders with adverse effects on their physical health. The patients are more likely to have a family history of psychiatric illnesses. The significant difference between the two kinds of bipolar conditions is the level of the manic episodes, in bipolar disorder one the manic episodes are mild while in bipolar disorder two the manic episodes are extreme.If one experiences depressive symptoms and manic episodes for years without meeting the conditions for depressive episodes or manic; then the doctor can diagnose the patient with Cyclothymic disorder. The determination is on bipolar, they may affect the treatment process and the medication the doctor recommends, so it is vital to tell the doctor all the symptoms one is having. When the doctor treats depression instead of mania, it increases the risk of mania episodes or even the suicidal thoughts and the behaviors. That point forms the primary reason why it is crucial to keep track of lows and highs in the moods of patients. Alcohol and drugs may trigger an episode of depression or even mania; one may need to complete detoxification from the substance before a diagnosis is made.It is essential to keep track of energy levels, attention span, behavior, and the moods so that one can receive an accurate diagnosis. When one gets the right diagnosis the chances of managing the symptoms and dealing with the mood are better placed. ReferencesSmith, K. (2018). The Difference Between Bipolar Disorder 1 and 2. PSYCOM , 34-38. Week 3 Question State your PICOT question. Indicate in parentheses after each segment, what part of PICOT the preceding words represent. For example: In patients recently discharged from the hospital following care for heart failure (P), do hand-off calls by the nurse to the primary care provider using the SBAR format (situation, background, assessment, recommendation) (I) compared to no calls (C) decrease readmission rates (O) over a one year period (T). Provide feedback to your classmates that focuses on: The use of correct PICOT format for the question to guide the literature search. Does the question reflect a clinical issue and one appropriate for an evidence-based practice project? Provide feedback to your classmates that focuses on: The use of correct PICOT format for the question to guide the literature search. Does the question reflect a clinical issue and one appropriate for an evidence-based practice project? Support a minimum of one and challenge a minimum of one. My week 3 Response: PICOT question: what are the responses to clinical treatment for teenagers and college students diagnosed with bipolar condition in the united states over the past three years.P: Teenagers and college studentsI: clinical treatmentC: the outcomes for the past three-year period in the United states region onlyO: The responses to the treatmentT: last three yearsThe correct format of a picot question must include all the crucial parts and easily point out on the problem and the interventions in a manner that easy research on the issues is possible. The question must also indicate the possible outcome of the research including the expected timeframe for the research.The picot question that I have provided is appropriate for an evidence based research project since the study patients and the data are readily available in the health records of the psychiatric wings of hospitals and college counselors. The clinical intervention on people suffering from bipolar disorder is not able to completely cure the condition since it is intertwined with several genetic factors and the influence of the working or college environment plays a critical role. On the other hand, the medication prescribed for Bipolar disorder show signs of effectiveness on sixty percent of the patients and hence prove useful to some point. There are those patients who do not show response to clinical interventions and thus pose questions on whether it’s due to wrong diagnosis or ineffectiveness of the medicines (Paul, 2018). References Paul J. Harrison, J. R. (2018). The Emerging Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder. Trends in Neurosciences, 18-22. Week 3 project Question To complete this week, after reading chapter two in Melnyk and reviewing the lectures you submit a 2-3 page paper that explores the background of your issue. For this paper #1 you will be defining this issue or disease using the literature. It will end with the PICOT question. The parts of your paper should include: South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion Introduction Definition Epidemiology Clinical Presentation Complications Diagnosis Conclusion with PICOT Question My Week 3 project Response: Introduction Bipolar condition is also known as the manic depressive disease, and is a serious mental condition which is characterized by severe mood swings coupled with depression episodes and mania/hypomania. The disorder has a course which is highly recurring with a substantial hereditary basis. The threshold of diagnosis used determines its prevalence. However, the condition is substantially rare with only a prevalence rate of one percent. Milder forms of the disorder have high prevalence estimation. Definition The PICOT question which focuses on the bipolar condition is a nursing path of study and treatment which is well documented and studied to help improve patient care and comfort which are factors that aid in quick recovery. The PICOT system allows nurses to learn and enhance patient care skills more practically and in an involving manner.The letters in the term PICOT represent:P- The problem or the patient whom the nurse is observing.I-The method that is being used for an intervention to help the patient recoverC-The comparison of the intervention method with other previously recorded practical methods applied by nurses to assist in patient recovery.T-The time through which the intervention is carried out or the adequate time of the study Epidemiology Bipolar conditions are highly repeating; malignant conditions whose frequency of occurrence is significantly higher than earlier thought. The combination of knowledge acquired from different studies on the condition by various disciplines might play a crucial part in aiding our understanding of the pathophysiology that these conditions operate. They would provide the basis for definite diagnosis and treatment for patients suffering from the condition. Clinical Presentation The correct diagnosis of the condition is the first step towards effective and proper treatment. This factor is most important in diagnosing patients who suffer from manic depressive illness or bipolar disorder.Carry out a thorough clinical assessment for patients who show signs of manic, mixed episode or hypomanic conditions, and this should also apply to patients suffering from bipolar depression episodes. The assessment should include information on the patients psychosocial and clinical status, psychiatric and medical comorbidities, past and current medications including the compliance to the prescribed medication. Also, add any details of substance use or abuse in the history of the patient. Get a comprehensive review of symptoms and their severity with how they affect the daily functioning of the patient. Complications A patient struggling with a bipolar condition can be very energetic and euphoric for a day and then very sad and anxious in the following. Because of these extreme mood swings between depressive and manic symptoms, problems in every aspect of the patient’s life may arise. Bipolar people can be very highly productive and motivated one day and very moody and stressed in the next, the high-stress levels might lead to substance abuse, promiscuous behavior, legal problems, relationship troubles, isolation and loneliness, financial problems, poor school or work performance, missed school or work and suicidal thoughts or attempts. Diagnosis Laboratory tests and measures are not the most effective tool that can be used to diagnose a bipolar condition. However, free and open talk with the doctor on the life and behaviors of the patients are the most useful tools in singling out the condition (Paul J. Harrison, 2018). However, there are some clear indicators to the condition like perennial mood swings with uncontrollable emotions which result in actions which are not well thought out and thus possible negative consequences. Conclusion with PICOT question Bipolar disorder is a severe condition that has far-reaching implications on the patients and those who are close to them. The condition has a high potential of self-harm risk and also direct adverse effects on relatives, friends, and workmates. The following is the PICOT question which I chose to frame for my project on bipolar condition.“P” What are the responses to clinical treatment, “I” for teenagers and college students “C” diagnosed with bipolar disorder, “O” in the United States over the past three years “T”?ReferencesPaul J. Harrison, J. R. (2018). The Emerging Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder. Trends in Neurosciences , 18-22. Bottom of Form Week 4 Discussion Question Using the following table—search the 5 databases based on your PICOT Question—under findings note the number of relevant articles found—you may not find something in every database. Under features discuss what you liked about that database. ON the discussion board summarize your search—attach your chart for those that would like to see your search. You may not find what you are looking for in every search—and that is OK—but you must search every database to see what may be out there. My Week 4 Discussion Response: Picot Question: The following is the PICOT question which I chose to frame for my project on bipolar condition. “P” What are the responses to clinical treatment, “I” for teenagers and college students “C” diagnosed with bipolar disorder, “O” in the United States over the past three years “T”? Research Tool Search Terms & Limits Findings Features CINAHL Keyword search:Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters : full text, publication date (2014-2019) 1000 results.Showing 1 to 1040 results. 1091 results. 1021 results. 1001 results. 1377 results The interface is simple and easy to Search can be refined The references can be exported PubMed Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters: publication date, 5 years ago 6493962454235335100 The database has a simple search bar The citations to the sources can be copied Cochrane Library Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters: date, reviews, full texts 6 115 295 3383 1901 1879 The search bar is easy to use There several ways of filtering searches Dynamed Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students 11 12 10 10 10 9 Easy to use the search tool. Does not show the total numbers of search results Limited results TRIP Database Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters : full text and date of publication 3087 156 1915 12486 8453 444 Easy to search. Allow export of citations, access to abstract.Search can be refined using a wide range of filters SU Library Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters : full text and date of publication South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion 0 0 0 0 0 0 Easy to use the search bar. Discussion The topic of study is bipolar; however I narrowed down to the intervention options for adolescents and college students with bipolar. I derived the following terms and phrases from the PICOT question and used them as search terms. The terms were causes of the bipolar condition, teenagers and bipolar, effects of bipolar on education, clinical treatment of bipolar, and diagnosis of bipolar and treatment of bipolar in students. I conducted searched six databases and the number of search results varied across the six databases. I must admit that searching these different databases was an exciting experience but also educative on which databases contain relevant articles. The results show that the SU Library is the least effective and least resourceful in terms of the search terms because it did not produce any results while DynaMed database produced few results ranging between 10-12.On the other hand, the TRIP Database is the most resources, and it accurately matched the search terms. It is a clinical database which host articles on evidence-based medicine and practices (Olayemi, 2016). Therefore, while researching to answer the PICOT question, I would prefer to use TRIP Databases. This does not mean that the rest of the databases such as CINAHL, PubMed and Cochrane Library are not resourceful. They are resourceful and yielded several search results that matched the search terms. I limited the search to the last five years besides other filters and noted that the results were nearly a perfect match of the PICOT question. In summary, I found that the best database to use while searching for Evidence-based research practices is TRIP databases. ReferenceOlayemi, O. M. (2016). A Study of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) Online Database Resources and the Roles of Health Science Librarian in Information Delivery. Journal of Balkan Libraries Union , 4 (2), 10-15. Week 6 Question On the discussion board, using a minimum of two articles that are supporting your PICOT question, submit one paragraph synthesizing the research into clear, concise statements without separately reviewing each of the studies in the paragraph—but by paraphrasing and synthesizing the work that was done. My week 6 discussion Response : In the recent past, there has been a rise in the occurrence of mental illness among the youth and most specifically the bipolar disorder. As a result, researchers have done a lot of work to establish how the population under study responds to clinical treatment. According to Goldstein et al (2016), dialectical behavior therapy can be fused together with the pharmacotherapy in the treatment of depressive symptoms in the early onset of bipolar disorder. On the other hand, it is unfortunate that the treatment patterns have not been thoroughly researched to establish whether the clinical interventions are being effectively used to treat this population and what the outcomes are after the said intervention. This is disheartening because the disease has been affecting quite a huge number of youths and only about half the number have been on treatment (Khazanov, Cui, Merikanga, & Angst, 2015).ReferencesGoldstein, T. R., Fersch-Podrat, R. K., Rivera, M., Axelson, D. A., Merranko, J., Yu, H., … & Birmaher, B. (2015). Dialectical behavior therapy for adolescents with bipolar disorder: results from a pilot randomized trial. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology , 25 (2), 140-149. https://doi.org/10.1089/cap.2013.0145 Week 6 Project Question: Complete Evidence Table as described in the Evidence Table Worksheet. Include Week 4 worksheet with completed Evidence Table. My Week 6 Project Response: Evidence Table Worksheet PICOT Question: For teenagers and college students diagnosed with bipolar disorders(P), what is the response to clinical treatment(I) as compared to not having the clinical treatment(C) in the United States (O) in the last 3 years? (T) II. Evidence Synthesis (database) ex: Cochran Study #1 Pedrelli, P., Nyer, M., Yeung, A., Zulauf, C., & Wilens, T. (2015). Study #2 Post, R. M., Altshuler, L. L., Kupka, R., McElroy, S. L., Frye, M. A., Rowe, M., … & Nolen, W. A. (2017). Study #3 Goldstein, T. R., Fersch-Podrat, R. K., Rivera, M., Axelson, D. A., Merranko, J., Yu, H., … & Birmaher, B. (2015). Study #4 DelBello, M. P., Goldman, R., Phillips, D., Deng, L., Cucchiaro, J., & Loebel, A. (2017). Study #5 Khazanov, G. K., Cui, L., Merikangas, K. R., & Angst, J. (2015). Synthesis (p) Population 274 institutions were eligible for inclusion. 10 different countries were eligible for inclusion. 18 Participants that were aged between 12-18 years that has a primary diagnosis of bipolar together with 18 family members were eligible for inclusion. 347 patients aged between 10-17 years who had a bipolar diagnosis. 10,123 Participants aged between 13-18 years in Continental U.S.A All the articles focused on the target population that is the teenagers and college students. (i) Intervention Early detection and intervention through pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy can bring a lot of change in its trajectory. There is need for early recognition strategies so that they could be able to seek help early. Dialectical behavior therapy is an important treatment for early the onset of bipolar disorder. The efficiency of lurasidone in adolescents. The prevalence and clinical correlates of treatment utilization for a nationally representative sample of US adolescents with bipolar disorder. All the articles focused on early intervention as the best strategy to handle the disorder. Additionally, several intervention strategies were analyzed such as pharmacological and psychosocial therapy. (c) Comparison The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The metric was the fact that untreated bi-polar long-term negative effects. South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion (o) Outcome The assessment showed that the psychopathology is chronic due to the low rate of treatment seeking and low adherence to treatment. More innovative, comprehensive, long-term treatment strategies are required to so as to reduce the effects of bipolar on high school and college students. The patients who received the dialectical behavior therapy had less severe depressive symptoms and they had significant improvement in manic symptoms and emotional dysregulation over time. lurasidone, in the dose range of 20 to 80 mg/day, significantly decreased depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with bipolar depression. Lurasidone was well tolerated, with minimal effects on weight and metabolic parameters. The findings confirmed that those of previous community studies that demonstrate that a substantial proportion of youth with bipolar disorder do not receive treatment. Of youth with bipolar disorder, 49.0 % report treatment specifically for mood disorder symptoms, 12.8 % report treatment for other mental health problems, and 38.2 % report no mental health treatment. The articles revealed that clinical intervention is necessary for the population under study so as to curtail the effects of the disease. Interestingly all articles concluded that early diagnosis is quite necessary. (t) time Varied Varied 12 months. 6 weeks 12 Months The articles timeline varied from 6 weeks to 12 months to varied Evaluation Table Citation Design Sample size: Adequate? Major Variables: Independent Dependent Study findings: Strengths and weaknesses Level of evidence Evidence Synthesis (Pedrelli et al.,2015) Systematic review 274 institutions met the inclusion criteria and the sample size was adequate. -Early detection and intervention for bipolar students.-Pharmacological and psychotherapy effectiveness in treatment. Strengths: The studies were high quality studies that were used to come up with the conclusion. Weakness: The research was not conclusive because it included a select number of references. Level I Systematic review. The study gave a variety of evidence-based clinical interventions that would be effective to bipolar students and also gave consequences of non-adherence to the interventions. (Post et al.,2017) Systematic review 10 countries were included in the criteria but I feel the sample was quite small so it was not adequate. -The best treatment strategies. Strength: The research was well put together because it included a wide range of references and a meta-analysis of other articles. Weakness: Level I Systematic review. The study revealed that there was strong evidence of benefits from multi-modal psychotherapy and psychological treatment. (Goldstein et al.,2015) Randomized trial study 18 participants who had been diagnosed with bi-polar. The sample was quite small and therefore, not adequate. -Patient satisfaction.-Treatment response.- Suicide attempts. Strength: The data analysis was the best since they used two tests to examine the baseline group differences in demographic and clinical variables. Additionally, the study sample had the same characteristics. Weaknesses: The small sample had unequal randomized structure that resulted in minimal power to detect the significant changes between groups. Level III This study revealed that randomization to the treatment had more engagement and minimal depressive symptom. Also, this mode of intervention can be effective for patients who show low commitment to treatment. (DelBello et al.,2017) Placebo-controlled parallel-group 347 participants. This size was adequate because it was big. -Treatment response.- Safety and tolerability evaluations.- The efficiency of treatment. Strengths: The sample used was large enough therefore, it was adequate for the study. Weakness: The six-week study period was quite short and this led to the low response rate in the study. Level III The placebo-controlled study revealed that the adolescents with bipolar depression, lurasidone monotherapy, in the dose range of 20 to 80 mg/day, significantly decreased the depressive symptoms, anxiety, and the overall illness severity, and improved measures of quality of life and global functioning. Additionally, the Lurasidone was very well tolerated, with minimal effects on the weight and metabolic parameters. (Khazanov, Cui, Merikanga, & Angst 2015) Longitudinal- Cross Sectional Study 10,123 participants. The sample is huge hence adequate. -Prevalence of treatment use.Patterns of comorbidity.-Clinical correlates of treatment use. Strength: This is the first study to examine treatment patterns of adolescents with bipolar I and II disorder in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents.The Sample was quite sufficient. Weakness: The nature of the survey itself limits the ability to document temporal ordering of mental disorders and putative risk and protective factors. In addition, the assessment of lifetime disorders was based on retrospective recall that is subject to numerous types of bias. Analyses of other health services used by adolescents with bipolar disorder revealed that those treated for depression or mania utilized general medical, human services, and school services more than those who had not received treatment, and human services and medications more than adolescents treated for other disorders. References Pedrelli, P., Nyer, M., Yeung, A., Zulauf, C., & Wilens, T. (2015). College students: mental health problems and treatment considerations. Academic Psychiatry , 39 (5), 503-511. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40596-014-0205-9 Post, R. M., Altshuler, L. L., Kupka, R., McElroy, S. L., Frye, M. A., Rowe, M., … & Nolen, W. A. (2017). More childhood onset bipolar disorder in the United States than Canada or Europe: Implications for treatment and prevention. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews , 74 , 204-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.01.022 Goldstein, T. R., Fersch-Podrat, R. K., Rivera, M., Axelson, D. A., Merranko, J., Yu, H., … & Birmaher, B. (2015). Dialectical behavior therapy for adolescents with bipolar disorder: results from a pilot randomized trial. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology , 25 (2), 140-149. https://doi.org/10.1089/cap.2013.0145 DelBello, M. P., Goldman, R., Phillips, D., Deng, L., Cucchiaro, J., & Loebel, A. (2017). Efficacy and safety of lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , 56 (12), 1015-1025. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.10.006 Khazanov, G. K., Cui, L., Merikangas, K. R., & Angst, J. (2015). Treatment patterns of youth with bipolar disorder: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey—Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Journal of abnormal child psychology , 43 (2), 391-400. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9885-6 Week 7 Question This week you will be creating an Implementation Plan that will be attached to your final EBP. For the discussion board this week—outline your implementation steps 1-2-3. My Week 7 Discussion Response: Bipolar disorder remains mostly a neglected condition that calls for improvement onto the existing treatment plans. Whereas formulating the most accurate treatment is mainly hampered by the complexity of the situation, there are three categories of treatments w

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South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion

South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion I will upload the work I completed from week 1 to 8 and I want you to use it to complete the following two assignments. South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion I will also upload and also copy and paste the samples of completed work another student did on a different topic so you understand what is expected Question 1: Submit EBP project with Implementation Plan and Evaluation Plan in APA discussion format. Note EBP plan should resemble plan on page 248 of the Melnyx text. Please remember to add the plan and evaluation because it is not added in the file of week 1-8 that I uploaded. Question 2: Then present this final EBP project in powerpoint attachment_1 attachment_2 attachment_3 Week 1 Question To complete this week, after reading chapter one in Melnyk and reviewing the lectures you need to consider the topic of interest to you. List a ONE to two-word topic that you want to explore further and why you are interested in this topic. This topic encompasses the question that you have been generating throughout your program.As an example I may choose the topic of depression, as I am interested in all of the depression I am seeing in the primary care office. Next week I will explore the background of this topic and this will lead to my PICOT question. My week 1 Response: I would like to explore bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder was initially known as manic depression. It is a health condition that affects the mind, and it leads to severe mood swings which are inclusive of emotional highs. Bipolar disorder affects about 3% of the American adult population and so far there has not been any conclusive answer on the cause of the disorder. When one becomes depressed, they may feel very sad and also feel hopeless and may also not show interest or pleasure in many co-curriculum activities. When the mood swings to hypomania one will be feeling euphoric and be full irritable and full of energy. The mood swings can be affecting one’s strength, judgment, sleep and the ability to think transparently. Although the disorder is a condition that stays for a long time, one can be able to manage the mood swings and also other symptoms through a treatment plan. In many cases, the treatment of bipolar disorder is by psychological counseling and also by use of medications (Geddes, & Miklowitz, 2013).There are many bipolar types and related disorders. The disorder may include hypomania or mania or other main episodes of depression. The symptoms of the disease can sometimes bring changes which are not easy to predict in the moods and the behavior, causing distress and difficulties in life. Bipolar (1) disorder-One may have one manic episode, and may be having one manic disorder which can be followed or even preceded by main depressive episodes, and lead to hypomanic. Bipolar (2) you can have one episode of depression and have one episode of hypomanic, and one may not be having a manic disorder. Cyclothymic Disorder. You may be having like two years; one year in children age and the other one in the teenage level. ReferenceGeddes, J. R., & Miklowitz, D. J. (2013). Treatment of bipolar disorder. The Lancet , 381 (9878), 1672-1682. Week 2 Question Post your background question and your strategy for getting a comprehensive understanding of the clinical issue. As you work on your capstone project proposal, you will want to share your progress with your peers and instructor and seek or provide guidance or share insights. By the due date assigned , go to the Discussion Area and post responses to the discussion question. All responses should be posted to the appropriate topic in this Discussion Area . It is important to support what you say with relevant citations in the APA format from both the course materials and outside resources. Include the South University online library in your research activities utilizing not only the nursing resource database, but also those pertaining to education, business, and human resources. My week 2 Response : PICOTWhat is the difference between bipolar I and bipolar II?”A large number of people believe that one must have a quick change of the moods when they have bipolar disorder; however, there are different types of symptoms for the disorder. All moods have different manifestations, and not all have mania. It is only a physician who can provide the right diagnosis of a feeding disorder. There is a difference between bipolar I and bipolar II. The strategy in understanding the clinical issue is through interviews and studies on literature concerning bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder I In bipolar one disorder, all signs have to meet the full criteria of the manic episode. It is not a must for a person to have depression for one to have bipolar disorder I; the many people with the diagnosis experience both the episode and moods. The manic episode has to include at least three of the following symptoms. High need for sleep Being more talkative Having racing thoughts South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion The increased urge of taking risks Mania episode is more extreme than immediate bursts of happy moods and energy. Mania mostly results in problems at school, the workplace, and personal relationships. Hospitalization is needed in most cases. A manic episode has characteristics of irritable moods like an elevated person with the Bipolar I. One should not assume the absence of a manic episode just because one does not appear enthusiastic or happy. Bipolar Disorder II For one to be diagnosed as having Bipolar II, one need to be experiencing episodes which are depressive and severe cases of hypomania. When a person has mania, they are most likely to suffer extreme excitement which may run for days. These symptoms may escalate causing problems at work or in carrying out daily routines like driving (Smith, 2018). However, the moods do not necessarily require hospitalization. When a person reaches the depressive mode, they must exhibit at least three of the following symptoms. South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion Changes in sleep patterns Changes in eating habits Depressed moods Tiredness Suicidal thoughts Lack of concentration Lack of pressure in the activities previously enjoyed Feeling of unworthiness A large number of people seen to have bipolar disorder II are perceived to be having depression just because they do not report the moods to the doctor. Many people having Bipolar II are at high risk of developing eating disorders with adverse effects on their physical health. The patients are more likely to have a family history of psychiatric illnesses. The significant difference between the two kinds of bipolar conditions is the level of the manic episodes, in bipolar disorder one the manic episodes are mild while in bipolar disorder two the manic episodes are extreme.If one experiences depressive symptoms and manic episodes for years without meeting the conditions for depressive episodes or manic; then the doctor can diagnose the patient with Cyclothymic disorder. The determination is on bipolar, they may affect the treatment process and the medication the doctor recommends, so it is vital to tell the doctor all the symptoms one is having. When the doctor treats depression instead of mania, it increases the risk of mania episodes or even the suicidal thoughts and the behaviors. That point forms the primary reason why it is crucial to keep track of lows and highs in the moods of patients. Alcohol and drugs may trigger an episode of depression or even mania; one may need to complete detoxification from the substance before a diagnosis is made.It is essential to keep track of energy levels, attention span, behavior, and the moods so that one can receive an accurate diagnosis. When one gets the right diagnosis the chances of managing the symptoms and dealing with the mood are better placed. ReferencesSmith, K. (2018). The Difference Between Bipolar Disorder 1 and 2. PSYCOM , 34-38. Week 3 Question State your PICOT question. Indicate in parentheses after each segment, what part of PICOT the preceding words represent. For example: In patients recently discharged from the hospital following care for heart failure (P), do hand-off calls by the nurse to the primary care provider using the SBAR format (situation, background, assessment, recommendation) (I) compared to no calls (C) decrease readmission rates (O) over a one year period (T). Provide feedback to your classmates that focuses on: The use of correct PICOT format for the question to guide the literature search. Does the question reflect a clinical issue and one appropriate for an evidence-based practice project? Provide feedback to your classmates that focuses on: The use of correct PICOT format for the question to guide the literature search. Does the question reflect a clinical issue and one appropriate for an evidence-based practice project? Support a minimum of one and challenge a minimum of one. My week 3 Response: PICOT question: what are the responses to clinical treatment for teenagers and college students diagnosed with bipolar condition in the united states over the past three years.P: Teenagers and college studentsI: clinical treatmentC: the outcomes for the past three-year period in the United states region onlyO: The responses to the treatmentT: last three yearsThe correct format of a picot question must include all the crucial parts and easily point out on the problem and the interventions in a manner that easy research on the issues is possible. The question must also indicate the possible outcome of the research including the expected timeframe for the research.The picot question that I have provided is appropriate for an evidence based research project since the study patients and the data are readily available in the health records of the psychiatric wings of hospitals and college counselors. The clinical intervention on people suffering from bipolar disorder is not able to completely cure the condition since it is intertwined with several genetic factors and the influence of the working or college environment plays a critical role. On the other hand, the medication prescribed for Bipolar disorder show signs of effectiveness on sixty percent of the patients and hence prove useful to some point. There are those patients who do not show response to clinical interventions and thus pose questions on whether it’s due to wrong diagnosis or ineffectiveness of the medicines (Paul, 2018). References Paul J. Harrison, J. R. (2018). The Emerging Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder. Trends in Neurosciences, 18-22. Week 3 project Question To complete this week, after reading chapter two in Melnyk and reviewing the lectures you submit a 2-3 page paper that explores the background of your issue. For this paper #1 you will be defining this issue or disease using the literature. It will end with the PICOT question. The parts of your paper should include: South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion Introduction Definition Epidemiology Clinical Presentation Complications Diagnosis Conclusion with PICOT Question My Week 3 project Response: Introduction Bipolar condition is also known as the manic depressive disease, and is a serious mental condition which is characterized by severe mood swings coupled with depression episodes and mania/hypomania. The disorder has a course which is highly recurring with a substantial hereditary basis. The threshold of diagnosis used determines its prevalence. However, the condition is substantially rare with only a prevalence rate of one percent. Milder forms of the disorder have high prevalence estimation. Definition The PICOT question which focuses on the bipolar condition is a nursing path of study and treatment which is well documented and studied to help improve patient care and comfort which are factors that aid in quick recovery. The PICOT system allows nurses to learn and enhance patient care skills more practically and in an involving manner.The letters in the term PICOT represent:P- The problem or the patient whom the nurse is observing.I-The method that is being used for an intervention to help the patient recoverC-The comparison of the intervention method with other previously recorded practical methods applied by nurses to assist in patient recovery.T-The time through which the intervention is carried out or the adequate time of the study Epidemiology Bipolar conditions are highly repeating; malignant conditions whose frequency of occurrence is significantly higher than earlier thought. The combination of knowledge acquired from different studies on the condition by various disciplines might play a crucial part in aiding our understanding of the pathophysiology that these conditions operate. They would provide the basis for definite diagnosis and treatment for patients suffering from the condition. Clinical Presentation The correct diagnosis of the condition is the first step towards effective and proper treatment. This factor is most important in diagnosing patients who suffer from manic depressive illness or bipolar disorder.Carry out a thorough clinical assessment for patients who show signs of manic, mixed episode or hypomanic conditions, and this should also apply to patients suffering from bipolar depression episodes. The assessment should include information on the patients psychosocial and clinical status, psychiatric and medical comorbidities, past and current medications including the compliance to the prescribed medication. Also, add any details of substance use or abuse in the history of the patient. Get a comprehensive review of symptoms and their severity with how they affect the daily functioning of the patient. Complications A patient struggling with a bipolar condition can be very energetic and euphoric for a day and then very sad and anxious in the following. Because of these extreme mood swings between depressive and manic symptoms, problems in every aspect of the patient’s life may arise. Bipolar people can be very highly productive and motivated one day and very moody and stressed in the next, the high-stress levels might lead to substance abuse, promiscuous behavior, legal problems, relationship troubles, isolation and loneliness, financial problems, poor school or work performance, missed school or work and suicidal thoughts or attempts. Diagnosis Laboratory tests and measures are not the most effective tool that can be used to diagnose a bipolar condition. However, free and open talk with the doctor on the life and behaviors of the patients are the most useful tools in singling out the condition (Paul J. Harrison, 2018). However, there are some clear indicators to the condition like perennial mood swings with uncontrollable emotions which result in actions which are not well thought out and thus possible negative consequences. Conclusion with PICOT question Bipolar disorder is a severe condition that has far-reaching implications on the patients and those who are close to them. The condition has a high potential of self-harm risk and also direct adverse effects on relatives, friends, and workmates. The following is the PICOT question which I chose to frame for my project on bipolar condition.“P” What are the responses to clinical treatment, “I” for teenagers and college students “C” diagnosed with bipolar disorder, “O” in the United States over the past three years “T”?ReferencesPaul J. Harrison, J. R. (2018). The Emerging Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder. Trends in Neurosciences , 18-22. Bottom of Form Week 4 Discussion Question Using the following table—search the 5 databases based on your PICOT Question—under findings note the number of relevant articles found—you may not find something in every database. Under features discuss what you liked about that database. ON the discussion board summarize your search—attach your chart for those that would like to see your search. You may not find what you are looking for in every search—and that is OK—but you must search every database to see what may be out there. My Week 4 Discussion Response: Picot Question: The following is the PICOT question which I chose to frame for my project on bipolar condition. “P” What are the responses to clinical treatment, “I” for teenagers and college students “C” diagnosed with bipolar disorder, “O” in the United States over the past three years “T”? Research Tool Search Terms & Limits Findings Features CINAHL Keyword search:Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters : full text, publication date (2014-2019) 1000 results.Showing 1 to 1040 results. 1091 results. 1021 results. 1001 results. 1377 results The interface is simple and easy to Search can be refined The references can be exported PubMed Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters: publication date, 5 years ago 6493962454235335100 The database has a simple search bar The citations to the sources can be copied Cochrane Library Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters: date, reviews, full texts 6 115 295 3383 1901 1879 The search bar is easy to use There several ways of filtering searches Dynamed Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students 11 12 10 10 10 9 Easy to use the search tool. Does not show the total numbers of search results Limited results TRIP Database Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters : full text and date of publication 3087 156 1915 12486 8453 444 Easy to search. Allow export of citations, access to abstract.Search can be refined using a wide range of filters SU Library Causes of bipolar conditionTeenagers and BipolarEffects of bipolar on educationClinical treatment of BipolarDiagnosis of BipolarTreatment of Bipolar in students Limiters : full text and date of publication South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion 0 0 0 0 0 0 Easy to use the search bar. Discussion The topic of study is bipolar; however I narrowed down to the intervention options for adolescents and college students with bipolar. I derived the following terms and phrases from the PICOT question and used them as search terms. The terms were causes of the bipolar condition, teenagers and bipolar, effects of bipolar on education, clinical treatment of bipolar, and diagnosis of bipolar and treatment of bipolar in students. I conducted searched six databases and the number of search results varied across the six databases. I must admit that searching these different databases was an exciting experience but also educative on which databases contain relevant articles. The results show that the SU Library is the least effective and least resourceful in terms of the search terms because it did not produce any results while DynaMed database produced few results ranging between 10-12.On the other hand, the TRIP Database is the most resources, and it accurately matched the search terms. It is a clinical database which host articles on evidence-based medicine and practices (Olayemi, 2016). Therefore, while researching to answer the PICOT question, I would prefer to use TRIP Databases. This does not mean that the rest of the databases such as CINAHL, PubMed and Cochrane Library are not resourceful. They are resourceful and yielded several search results that matched the search terms. I limited the search to the last five years besides other filters and noted that the results were nearly a perfect match of the PICOT question. In summary, I found that the best database to use while searching for Evidence-based research practices is TRIP databases. ReferenceOlayemi, O. M. (2016). A Study of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) Online Database Resources and the Roles of Health Science Librarian in Information Delivery. Journal of Balkan Libraries Union , 4 (2), 10-15. Week 6 Question On the discussion board, using a minimum of two articles that are supporting your PICOT question, submit one paragraph synthesizing the research into clear, concise statements without separately reviewing each of the studies in the paragraph—but by paraphrasing and synthesizing the work that was done. My week 6 discussion Response : In the recent past, there has been a rise in the occurrence of mental illness among the youth and most specifically the bipolar disorder. As a result, researchers have done a lot of work to establish how the population under study responds to clinical treatment. According to Goldstein et al (2016), dialectical behavior therapy can be fused together with the pharmacotherapy in the treatment of depressive symptoms in the early onset of bipolar disorder. On the other hand, it is unfortunate that the treatment patterns have not been thoroughly researched to establish whether the clinical interventions are being effectively used to treat this population and what the outcomes are after the said intervention. This is disheartening because the disease has been affecting quite a huge number of youths and only about half the number have been on treatment (Khazanov, Cui, Merikanga, & Angst, 2015).ReferencesGoldstein, T. R., Fersch-Podrat, R. K., Rivera, M., Axelson, D. A., Merranko, J., Yu, H., … & Birmaher, B. (2015). Dialectical behavior therapy for adolescents with bipolar disorder: results from a pilot randomized trial. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology , 25 (2), 140-149. https://doi.org/10.1089/cap.2013.0145 Week 6 Project Question: Complete Evidence Table as described in the Evidence Table Worksheet. Include Week 4 worksheet with completed Evidence Table. My Week 6 Project Response: Evidence Table Worksheet PICOT Question: For teenagers and college students diagnosed with bipolar disorders(P), what is the response to clinical treatment(I) as compared to not having the clinical treatment(C) in the United States (O) in the last 3 years? (T) II. Evidence Synthesis (database) ex: Cochran Study #1 Pedrelli, P., Nyer, M., Yeung, A., Zulauf, C., & Wilens, T. (2015). Study #2 Post, R. M., Altshuler, L. L., Kupka, R., McElroy, S. L., Frye, M. A., Rowe, M., … & Nolen, W. A. (2017). Study #3 Goldstein, T. R., Fersch-Podrat, R. K., Rivera, M., Axelson, D. A., Merranko, J., Yu, H., … & Birmaher, B. (2015). Study #4 DelBello, M. P., Goldman, R., Phillips, D., Deng, L., Cucchiaro, J., & Loebel, A. (2017). Study #5 Khazanov, G. K., Cui, L., Merikangas, K. R., & Angst, J. (2015). Synthesis (p) Population 274 institutions were eligible for inclusion. 10 different countries were eligible for inclusion. 18 Participants that were aged between 12-18 years that has a primary diagnosis of bipolar together with 18 family members were eligible for inclusion. 347 patients aged between 10-17 years who had a bipolar diagnosis. 10,123 Participants aged between 13-18 years in Continental U.S.A All the articles focused on the target population that is the teenagers and college students. (i) Intervention Early detection and intervention through pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy can bring a lot of change in its trajectory. There is need for early recognition strategies so that they could be able to seek help early. Dialectical behavior therapy is an important treatment for early the onset of bipolar disorder. The efficiency of lurasidone in adolescents. The prevalence and clinical correlates of treatment utilization for a nationally representative sample of US adolescents with bipolar disorder. All the articles focused on early intervention as the best strategy to handle the disorder. Additionally, several intervention strategies were analyzed such as pharmacological and psychosocial therapy. (c) Comparison The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The duration of untreated bi-polar has long-term negative effects on the course of illness. The metric was the fact that untreated bi-polar long-term negative effects. South University NSG6999 Week1 EBP Project with Implementation Plan Discussion (o) Outcome The assessment showed that the psychopathology is chronic due to the low rate of treatment seeking and low adherence to treatment. More innovative, comprehensive, long-term treatment strategies are required to so as to reduce the effects of bipolar on high school and college students. The patients who received the dialectical behavior therapy had less severe depressive symptoms and they had significant improvement in manic symptoms and emotional dysregulation over time. lurasidone, in the dose range of 20 to 80 mg/day, significantly decreased depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with bipolar depression. Lurasidone was well tolerated, with minimal effects on weight and metabolic parameters. The findings confirmed that those of previous community studies that demonstrate that a substantial proportion of youth with bipolar disorder do not receive treatment. Of youth with bipolar disorder, 49.0 % report treatment specifically for mood disorder symptoms, 12.8 % report treatment for other mental health problems, and 38.2 % report no mental health treatment. The articles revealed that clinical intervention is necessary for the population under study so as to curtail the effects of the disease. Interestingly all articles concluded that early diagnosis is quite necessary. (t) time Varied Varied 12 months. 6 weeks 12 Months The articles timeline varied from 6 weeks to 12 months to varied Evaluation Table Citation Design Sample size: Adequate? Major Variables: Independent Dependent Study findings: Strengths and weaknesses Level of evidence Evidence Synthesis (Pedrelli et al.,2015) Systematic review 274 institutions met the inclusion criteria and the sample size was adequate. -Early detection and intervention for bipolar students.-Pharmacological and psychotherapy effectiveness in treatment. Strengths: The studies were high quality studies that were used to come up with the conclusion. Weakness: The research was not conclusive because it included a select number of references. Level I Systematic review. The study gave a variety of evidence-based clinical interventions that would be effective to bipolar students and also gave consequences of non-adherence to the interventions. (Post et al.,2017) Systematic review 10 countries were included in the criteria but I feel the sample was quite small so it was not adequate. -The best treatment strategies. Strength: The research was well put together because it included a wide range of references and a meta-analysis of other articles. Weakness: Level I Systematic review. The study revealed that there was strong evidence of benefits from multi-modal psychotherapy and psychological treatment. (Goldstein et al.,2015) Randomized trial study 18 participants who had been diagnosed with bi-polar. The sample was quite small and therefore, not adequate. -Patient satisfaction.-Treatment response.- Suicide attempts. Strength: The data analysis was the best since they used two tests to examine the baseline group differences in demographic and clinical variables. Additionally, the study sample had the same characteristics. Weaknesses: The small sample had unequal randomized structure that resulted in minimal power to detect the significant changes between groups. Level III This study revealed that randomization to the treatment had more engagement and minimal depressive symptom. Also, this mode of intervention can be effective for patients who show low commitment to treatment. (DelBello et al.,2017) Placebo-controlled parallel-group 347 participants. This size was adequate because it was big. -Treatment response.- Safety and tolerability evaluations.- The efficiency of treatment. Strengths: The sample used was large enough therefore, it was adequate for the study. Weakness: The six-week study period was quite short and this led to the low response rate in the study. Level III The placebo-controlled study revealed that the adolescents with bipolar depression, lurasidone monotherapy, in the dose range of 20 to 80 mg/day, significantly decreased the depressive symptoms, anxiety, and the overall illness severity, and improved measures of quality of life and global functioning. Additionally, the Lurasidone was very well tolerated, with minimal effects on the weight and metabolic parameters. (Khazanov, Cui, Merikanga, & Angst 2015) Longitudinal- Cross Sectional Study 10,123 participants. The sample is huge hence adequate. -Prevalence of treatment use.Patterns of comorbidity.-Clinical correlates of treatment use. Strength: This is the first study to examine treatment patterns of adolescents with bipolar I and II disorder in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents.The Sample was quite sufficient. Weakness: The nature of the survey itself limits the ability to document temporal ordering of mental disorders and putative risk and protective factors. In addition, the assessment of lifetime disorders was based on retrospective recall that is subject to numerous types of bias. Analyses of other health services used by adolescents with bipolar disorder revealed that those treated for depression or mania utilized general medical, human services, and school services more than those who had not received treatment, and human services and medications more than adolescents treated for other disorders. References Pedrelli, P., Nyer, M., Yeung, A., Zulauf, C., & Wilens, T. (2015). College students: mental health problems and treatment considerations. Academic Psychiatry , 39 (5), 503-511. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40596-014-0205-9 Post, R. M., Altshuler, L. L., Kupka, R., McElroy, S. L., Frye, M. A., Rowe, M., … & Nolen, W. A. (2017). More childhood onset bipolar disorder in the United States than Canada or Europe: Implications for treatment and prevention. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews , 74 , 204-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.01.022 Goldstein, T. R., Fersch-Podrat, R. K., Rivera, M., Axelson, D. A., Merranko, J., Yu, H., … & Birmaher, B. (2015). Dialectical behavior therapy for adolescents with bipolar disorder: results from a pilot randomized trial. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology , 25 (2), 140-149. https://doi.org/10.1089/cap.2013.0145 DelBello, M. P., Goldman, R., Phillips, D., Deng, L., Cucchiaro, J., & Loebel, A. (2017). Efficacy and safety of lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar I depression: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , 56 (12), 1015-1025. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2017.10.006 Khazanov, G. K., Cui, L., Merikangas, K. R., & Angst, J. (2015). Treatment patterns of youth with bipolar disorder: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey—Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Journal of abnormal child psychology , 43 (2), 391-400. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9885-6 Week 7 Question This week you will be creating an Implementation Plan that will be attached to your final EBP. For the discussion board this week—outline your implementation steps 1-2-3. My Week 7 Discussion Response: Bipolar disorder remains mostly a neglected condition that calls for improvement onto the existing treatment plans. Whereas formulating the most accurate treatment is mainly hampered by the complexity of the situation, there are three categories of treatments within

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