Week 2 Theorist of Choice Fatalistic Suicide and Anomie Suicide Research Paper

Week 2 Theorist of Choice Fatalistic Suicide and Anomie Suicide Research Paper Week 2 Theorist of Choice Fatalistic Suicide and Anomie Suicide Research Paper ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL NURSING PAPERS SOCL304 Western Kentucky Importance of Studying Social Theory Paper A cover page with your paper title, name, and date Papers should be in 12 point font Times New Roman; or 11 point Calibri Papers will have a one inch margin papers will be at least 5 pages double spaced, but not more than 6 pages. I will stop reading at 6 pages.The five pages should be content NOT including your cover page and works cited. Papers will use in text citations for their evidence Papers will provide a works cited page even if the only text is the class book. include a page number at the bottom Submitted in a word documentYou might ask, “What is critical thinking? Everyone keeps saying we are building critical thinking skills, but what does that actually mean?” Critical thinking can mean a variety of things for different professors. For me, critical thinking involves the following: applying, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information “generated from observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or community. Critical thinking is based on clarity, accuracy, precision, relevance, sound evidence, good reasoning, depth, breadth, and fairness” (National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking).Further, I really like this paragraph from the National Council for Excellence in Critical Thinking:“Critical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way. People who think critically consistently attempt to live rationally, reasonably, empathically. They are keenly aware of the inherently flawed nature of human thinking when left unchecked. They strive to diminish the power of their egocentric and sociocentric tendencies. They use the intellectual tools that critical thinking offers – concepts and principles that enable them to analyze, assess, and improve thinking. They work diligently to develop the intellectual virtues of intellectual integrity, intellectual humility, intellectual civility, intellectual empathy, intellectual sense of justice and confidence in reason. They realize that no matter how skilled they are as thinkers, they can always improve their reasoning abilities and they will at times fall prey to mistakes in reasoning, human irrationality, prejudices, biases, distortions, uncritically accepted social rules and taboos, self-interest, and vested interest. They strive to improve the world in whatever ways they can and contribute to a more rational, civilized society. At the same time, they recognize the complexities often inherent in doing so. They avoid thinking simplistically about complicated issues and strive to appropriately consider the rights and needs of relevant others.Week 2 Theorist of Choice Fatalistic Suicide and Anomie Suicide Research Paper They recognize the complexities in developing as thinkers, and commit themselves to life-long practice toward self-improvement. They embody the Socratic principle: The unexamined life is not worth living , because they realize that many unexamined lives together result in an uncritical, unjust, dangerous world. –Linda Elder, National Council for Excellence in Critical ThinkingThe intent of the course material is to not just introduce material, but for you to complete activities that help you make the connections between theory and our social life, interrogate the status quo and make judgments of how our systems are working for people and situate ourselves in this globalized world. In doing these activities, we will use our critical thinking skills as identified above.23 hours agoOne of the most important skills you can learn in your collegiate career is creating an evidence based argument. Desmond Tutu is credited with saying, “Don’t raise your voice; improve your argument.” The reflection activities and final paper in this class are a time to practice building an evidence based argument.Now, not all evidence is created equal. In our daily lives we are surrounded with knowledge that becomes evidence for the way we see the social world. The first type of knowledge that we encounter is traditional knowledge. This is knowledge based on custom and habit. It’s that, “Well, this is the way it has always been” type of knowledge or that knowledge that has been passed on from generation to generation. For example, my grandmother always cut the ends off her cucumbers and rubbed them together to remove the bitterness from the cucumbers. Now, what rubbing ends together AFTER they have been cut from the cucumber actually accomplishes I don’t know. BUT, I know that I find myself rubbing those ends together when cutting cucumbers! There is nothing wrong with traditional knowledge. However, we have to understand its limitations. Traditional knowledge can be limiting and distorting. Traditional knowledge also does not apply in all cases. Thus, because we’ve experienced it does not mean it is a true reflection of everyone’s reality. Just because my family rubs cucumber ends does not mean that everyone does.The next type of knowledge that informs our evidence is experience. This is the old “seeing is believing” idea. This knowledge is often affected by our social location (i.e. race, class gender, educational level, disability, religion, etc.). The danger of this knowledge is that we can sometimes tend to over-generalize our experience. Just because 1 or 2 of us may have a bad experience at a restaurant does not mean the restaurant overall is a poor quality. Therefore, we have to be careful of evidence based off of experience.The next kind of knowledge is from authority or expert knowledge. We also have to carefully evaluate this knowledge. How many of us have watched a news segment to and heard “experts” that are not credentialed in their field? Hence, a lawyer giving health advice.Week 2 Theorist of Choice Fatalistic Suicide and Anomie Suicide Research Paper We sometimes see experts in one field commenting on or exerting their authority in fields other than their own. I am a Sociologist. I’d never try to claim expertise in cognitive psychology or speak with any authority on that subject. Why? I am a Sociologist. Not a Cognitive Psychologist. Therefore, we have to ask ourselves, whether the expert is really suited to speak on the topic. We also have to make sure we can trace back any evidence used to make an expert argument. Can you access the study being cited by the expert? Is the expert interpreting the statistical procedures used in the study correctly? Can I look at the report to determine this? Thus, expert knowledge is a better quality knowledge than experience in terms of generalization, but we still have to be sure that the experts are representing themselves and the data correctly when it comes to building our argument based on expert knowledge.Finally, we have scientific knowledge. This is knowledge is derived from an organized, rationalized way of observing the world. Scientific knowledge is empirical in that it comes from direct observation. It is theoretical in that the facts are put into context. Scientific knowledge is systematic and replicable. This means that once you finish a project you are confident that if someone were to conduct your study over again they would find similar results. In terms of presenting evidence, scientific knowledge is considered the gold standard of the academic argument. Hence, my experience can be directly opposite of what is stated in the scientific research. I can recognize my experience. However, in evaluating the scientific knowledge I may have to come to the realization that my experience is the exception not the rule.In building an argument I can use any of the knowledge I’ve presented. However, I have to be aware that, again, not all evidence is equal.We all make errors in reasoning as it comes to the knowledge that surrounds us. We are all susceptible to overgeneralization—when we unjustifiably conclude what is true for some cases is true for all cases. We all can fall prey to selective observation where we choose to only look at things that are in line with our preferences or beliefs. When we dislike something at personal level or it goes against our personal opinion it is very easy to pick out its faults and limits. We also sometimes deal with illogical reasoning which includes jumping to premature conclusions or arguing on the basis of invalid assumptions. Further, people also do not generally like change thus we are even reluctant to change our ideas even in light of new information that may be contrary to our opinion.Knowledge and evidence derived from the scientific method helps to overcome many of these challenges. Week 2 Theorist of Choice Fatalistic Suicide and Anomie Suicide Research Paper Hence, when you are creating your own arguments I am asking you to look at the evidence used carefully. How does my expert knowledge match up with scientific knowledge? How does my experience match up with scientific knowledge? Some of the reaction paper questions ask you to reflect upon your own experience—which means you evidence comes from experience. But, others ask you to create an argument that links what the scientific literature says and how your experiences matches or how your own observations may differ. Some of the questions may ask you to evaluate your community, think about the scientific literature and then create an argument of what needs to be done.Finally, the process of creating an evidence based argument can be thought of in this way:(1) Evidence-Gathering – gathering sound and relevant evidence to address an issue;(2) Sense-Making – analyzing and synthesizing the assembled evidence; and(3) Argumentation – articulating a logical and supported argument based on the analysis.I hope this short paper helps you to think about evidence and how to create an argument.23 hours agoPlease select ONE (1) of the following questions to fully explore. DO NOT combine questions or answer multiple. You must select 1 and stick to that question for the paper.Many students come into a social theory course with one question, “Why do I have to take this class? Aren’t these just a bunch of old, very dead white guys?” You have now read three of the most important theorists in Sociology. Provide four separate arguments as to why it is important to study social theory. Make sure to fully develop your arguments and provide multiple examples for each argument. Remember, you should provide evidence for your argument. This question may seem like the most straight forward; however, I will be critiquing this question on your ability to create a solid evidence based argument. Be sure to look at the blackboard site and review the material on making an evidence based argument to understand what we mean as evidence in an academic paper. Further, look at the piece on critical thinking to help shape your thinking regarding this assignment.Grab a newspaper (or more likely visit one online), scan the headlines and look for a current event that interests you. Then, conduct a Marxian analysis to read between the lines, or explain what is unfolding. In this paper, you should fully define the concepts you are using in the paper. Further, you should point out the strengths and weaknesses of your analysis based on your understanding of Marx. Finally, considering Durkheim and Weber how might their theories fill in the gaps of where a Marxian analysis does not provide a full explanation? Thus, how can Durkheim and Weber improve your analysis? Be sure to provide examples.Weber’s theories of rationality are some of the most widely read in Sociology. Weber differentiates between two types of action that are based on rationalization—means-end (formal rationality) and value rationality (substantive rationality). First, define each type of rationality Weber outlines with examples from our current social world. (Practical, theoretical, formal and substantive). Next, discuss the problematic nature of formal rationality and its power over substantive rationality in a modern day capitalist economy. Finally, in what ways would we need to shift in society in order to put more emphasis on substantive rationality over formal rationality? Do you see this as a possibility? Why or why not (with examples).Week 2 Theorist of Choice Fatalistic Suicide and Anomie Suicide Research Paper Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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