In the heart disease diagnosis case study (Application Case 11.4 pp. 486-87), what was a major benefit of the SIPMES expert system? Does this type of system have a high coincidence factor? If so, why is that helpful?orExpound on these activities within knowledge engineering – knowledge acquisition, knowledge representation, and knowledge validation Include short examples…orThe key to effective knowledge management is extracting and encoding expert knowledge that can be accessed and reused by others. Offer an example/application of this, a related benefit, and are there any disadvantages of using KM?
Assignment: Provide an approximate 1600-word document analyzing important concepts in the readings. Ensure your apply the discussion points below and assume you are writing for an uninformed reader that knows nothing about the topic and has not read what you read. Provide an introduction, body, and conclusion. Analyze, discuss, and apply the following: 1. The interagency (local, state, and federal governments, Non-Governmental Organizations, volunteer organizations, etc.) response to the 1900 Galveston flood. Include a discussion regarding lessons learned and the contribution to the interagency emergency management. 2. The interagency (local, state, and federal governments, Non-Governmental Organizations, volunteer organizations, etc.) response to the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fires. Include a discussion regarding lessons learned and the contribution to the interagency emergency management. 3. The interagency (local, state, and federal governments, Non-Governmental Organizations, volunteer organizations, etc.) response to the 1918 Great Influenza Pandemic. Include a discussion regarding lessons learned and the contribution to the interagency emergency management. INSTRUCTIONS: DO NOT list out the topics or questions and answer them, APA style, provide an introduction, body, and conclusion, 12 references.
Reply to Peers *Note: Let’s try to identify which peers posting you are replying to by using their first name at the beginning of your reply. Replying to one or two peers will satisfy this criteria. Here is what the aim should be for when replying to your peers: 1. Extending meaningful discussion by elaborating on your peers’ initial posting through adding to or expanding upon the initial thoughts or questions posted. 2. Advancing the discussion by posing new questions to your peers or class. 3. Asking for clarification (in a respectful manner) on confusions you may have about initial postings by the instructor and/or peers. Peer Person: Emmanuel Nfawmor Presidential Powers and the Constitution: 1. Would the United States be improved overall if the leadership role of president as head of state, chief executive officer, and commander in chief were constitutionally assigned to other governmental officials other than one president? What do you think the advantages and disadvantages to giving the president all these powers are? Additionally, modern presidents have gained more power through different inherent powers (i.e., executive privilege, executive orders, executive signing statements and executive agreements). To begin with, I will unapologetically say “YES,” with the assertion that “the United States would improve if leadership role of the president in all three dimensions as mentioned above, were constitutionally assigned to other governmental officials other than one president.” Some presidents may know what is right but may not do what is right. As president Lyndon Johnson once said, “A president’s hardest task is not to do what is right, but to know what is right.” Moreover, when it comes to decision making, presidents make hundreds of decisions that affect the nation, and, in making these decisions, they must try to consider what is in the best interest of the country and act accordingly. It is true, according to the constitution of the United States, the president is head of state, chief executive officer and commander in chief, but as per the leadership role, the constitution grants the president specific executive, military, judicial and legislative powers. Thus, the president can decide and act based on such constitutional powers vested on him. However, the provision of checks and balances, as applied through separation of powers in the United State government, ensures that the president does not take powers into his hands through his decisions and actions. Reason why the powers of the president are checked by the legislative and judicial branches of the government. In my humble opinion, therefore, although the president has specific official constitutional powers, and certain unofficial or informal powers not stated in the constitution, I think “there will be more improvements (advantages) than disadvantages, if the leadership role of the president, especially as commander in chief of the arm forces were assigned to other governmental officials other than the president.” For example, the constitution grants Congress the power to declare war. However, citing their constitutional role as commander in chief, presidents throughout history have taken it upon themselves to call troops into action without getting a formal declaration of war from Congress. Despite the efforts of Congress to clarify war-making responsibility with the passage of the War Powers Resolution in 1973, for instance, there remains tension between Congress and the president when it comes to the use of U.S troops or military powers. As commander in chief, the president has the responsibility to ensure the defense and security of the nation and its interest around the world. The constitution gives Congress the power to declare war, but from the beginning, presidents have claimed the power to take military action without a formal declaration of war from Congress. Presidents have called out the armed forces more than 200 times in American history. Following the Vietnam War, Congress decided to restrain the president’s power to commit troops. Over president Nixon’s veto, Congress passed the War Power Resolution in 1973, which calls on the president to consult with Congress before and during any possible armed conflict involving U.S military. Since the law’s enactment, presidents have contested its constitutionality. The war in Iraq (2002), was another case under president George W. Bush. As a result of such power execution by presidents towards war without consulting the Congress, it has led to loss of lives of many U.S troops and other war related losses. Furthermore, regarding legislative powers, the president is also permitted to suggest legislation at any time and his legislative power is the veto. However, Congress has power to override the veto by two-third votes of the members of each house. The problem here is, it can be hard for Congress to obtain the votes and override the veto. On the side of judicial powers, the constitution gives the president the power to nominate federal judges and justices, in which case, the president may place men and women on the Supreme Court who have similar political beliefs. They may also alter the sentences of people convicted of crimes. Sometimes, such decisions may be objected by the masses and families of those who disagreed with the president’s decision to alter, pardon or order the release of the said convicts, especially if it has some political attachments. Moreover, nominating judges and justices, or the president’s appointment of judges, in most cases, remain on the bench for years after the president’s term is over, simply to support the president’s agenda. Thus, this allows the president to still have an influence on government long after his or her term is over. Furthermore, although the constitution gives the president power to appoint people, oftentimes, a president will use the power to nominate and appoint as a political tool, rewarding political supporters and winning new ones. This power also allows presidents to place in key positions people who support their policies, such a politically induced motive of appointment would not improve the U.S system of governance. All these, add to the disadvantages, which otherwise, would have improved things in the United States for the better, if the leadership role were assigned to other governmental officials apart from one president, especially in the situation where executive agreements have been used for more far-reaching ends. The North American Free Trade or NAFTA, is an example. 2. Do these claimed inherent exercises of presidential powers upset the system of check and balances between branches? Why or Why not? No, on one hand, yes, on the other hand, but to a lesser extent as seen through the executive privilege attempts by the president (executive branch). As explained above, sometimes there is conflict between the president and Congress or court over presidential decisions such as, taking military action and other legislative issues. Significantly, the system of checks and balances is intended to make sure that no branch is allowed to exceed its bounds, guard against fraud, and allow for timely correction of errors. In effect, the authority to take a given action rests with one branch, while the responsibility to verify the appropriateness and legality of that action rests with another branch. While the legislative branch enacts the law, the executive implements and the judicial interprets the laws in reference to the constitution, and applies its interpretations to legal controversies involving the laws. Although they are separate branches, but all have equal powers; for example, the president of the United States in the executive branch can veto laws passed by Congress in the legislative branch as well as nominating judges through checks and balances, while Congress can override presidential vetoes with two-thirds vote from its two houses (Senate and House of Representatives) and can amend the constitution to overturn the Supreme Court’s decisions. In like manner, the Supreme Court at the judiciary can nullify laws passed by Congress and presidential actions as unconstitutional. However, the Supreme Court’s power is balanced by the fact that its presiding judges are appointed by the president with approval of the Senate. This can be done by each branch without upsetting the system of checks and balances as intended by the U.S constitution. Nevertheless, there are some few reasons, as an examples of why the claimed inherent exercise of presidential powers can upset the system of checks and balances between the branches is when the executive branch, headed by the president, often controversially attempt to expand its authority over the legislative and judicial branches, such as the power to issue executive orders by the president, the power to declare local and national emergencies, the power to grant presidential pardons, the power to withhold information from Congress through executive privilege, to name but a few.
An essay about American government. Can be about freedom, oppression, immigration, economic prosperity, etc. Then provide several examples of the concept you choose(Can be any from above).
Argue for a position on the scope of free speech what is the justification for the right to free speech, and how expansive should this right be? Apply your position to at least one of the cases weve discussed related to hate speech (Collin v Smith, R.A.V. v City of St Paul) should the courts ruling be changed, in light of your position on free speech?Why or why not?The primary goal of your paper is to provide convincing answers to the prompt above. With that said, a good paper requires more than convincing answers; it will include exposition that provides background for the reader and makes the structure of paper clear.In particular, your papers should do the following three things (in addition to providing convincing answers!):1) Include a brief introduction, where you explain what youll do in the paper. Be sure to state the thesis that youll argue for (for example, In this paper I argue that Mills position on the scope of free speech is superior to those of Meiklejohn, Redish, and Emerson).2) The prompt requires you to argue for your preferred position on the scope of free speech. Before you argue for your preferred position, you must explain each of the four positions on the scope of free speech that weve covered in class(Mill, Meiklejohn, Redish, Emerson).In particular, this requires that you do two thingsi. Explain how the law can limit speech, andii.Compare and contrast each position. For instance, what value(s) is the freedom of speech meant to serve, according to each author?3) The prompt requires you to apply your preferred position on the scope of free speech to one of the cases weve covered related to hate speech. Before you apply your position to one of the cases weve discussed, you should briefly describe(1) the nature of hate speech and (2) some details of the case you will consider. In particular, this requires that youi. Explain what hate speech is, and what it is not (for instance, speech that merely makes someone angry is not hate speech). You are not required to discuss Waldrons view on hate speech here, but if it helps you make the discussion clearer, then you arewelcome to do so.ii. Summarize the facts of the case you will consider.iii. Explain the courts ruling in that case.
In Unit V, we learned about elections and voting. We learned that voting turnout tends to be quite low in the US, even through it’s the largest democracies in the world. Some have suggested compulsory voting. Discuss what you think about mandatory voting.
Read the following scenario.A former City of Arizona colleague sets up a consulting business and approaches you for a letter ofreference. He submits a draft document, which makes mention of several projects for which he istaking credit. You know that he was a minor player in one of these and feel uncomfortable with hisuggestion that the letter be on city letterhead, “just to make it more official.”In 500-750 words, put yourself in the scenario and use the results of your personal valuesassessment from the textbook, then do the following:1. Explain how you would approach the situation, if you were put in the scenario, based on yourpersonal values assessment. 2. Describe how your personal values inform and instruct your personal power.Use two to four scholarly resources to support your explanations.Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide
This assignment requires you to create a PowerPoint presentation to explain the two-party political system used in the United States and to describe both the Democratic and Republican parties’ actions and functions during a presidential election.You should discuss each party and its respective process to select a nominee for president, identifying each step of the process. It may be helpful to choose a particular presidential election and follow the candidates, from announcing their candidacy to their selection as the party nominee.Your PowerPoint presentation must consist of 10 to 14 slides, not counting the title and reference slides.Your presentation must include the items listed below.§ Include a title slide with your name, date, course, and assignment.§ List the presentation’s objective(s), a table of contents, or an introductory paragraph/slide.§ Provide information about each political party’s structure and composition.§ Include a definition of superdelegates and an example of their impact on an election.§ Include information about how media acts as a political socializing agent during an election.§ Provide information about how each party uses the media.§ Include a few bullets describing whether the two-party system remains as a fair and viable process. Be sure to include information about the positives and negatives of the two-party system.§ Provide three to four pictures, maps, or graphs that will illustrate important points in your presentation. These should be used on a slide and not put on a slide separately without explanation.Your slides should elaborate on the points above. You may include additional information that you feel is relevant, but do not create more than 14 slides. Use your creativity and organize the material in a logical and understandable manner.Use APA formatting for all references used on each slide. You must use at least three outside sources. Focus on using academic and scholarly sources.Please refrain from utilizing the speaker notes function within PowerPoint. Cite on each slide when sources are used to support your points.Use pictures on slides to help convey the meaning of the material being reviewed and presented in the presentation.
When writing your essay, respond to the prompt thoroughly, and completely. Essays must be a minimum of 2 pages in length, double spaced, 1-inch margins, 12 point font, and written in Times New Roman. A bibliography, references, or works cited page, must accompany the submission. Bibliographies should be uploaded, as a single file, along with your 1.5-page essay. This page does not count towards the minimum length, of the paper. When completing your essay, you must also include in-text citations for any work that is directly quoted or paraphrased. Failure to properly, or consistently cite paraphrased or directly quoted work, from the original work, thoughts and/or ideas of someone, other than your own, (according to 1 of the 3 approved formats…MLA, APA, or Chicago) will result in an automatic 0, with no make-up work being accepted. For assistance with proper citation formatting, use the easybib website. Access this website, by clicking HERE (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) Your response should be your own original thoughts and analysis. Research and resources should be incorporated with scholarly applications. I.e. used as examples or evidence to support your analysis. Make sure to use complete sentences and proper grammar. Your response to the prompt should focus on analyzing the information you gathered. Incorporate the information you gathered by using it to provide examples and support for your response. A papers should include a critical analysis of the videos by applying at least 1 example from each film to support your position. PART 1: Video Access and Viewing The video you are required to watch, in order to complete this assignment is 50 minute in length. The video is over the Todd Willingham case. The video is publicly accessible through PBS Frontlines official website. You can access the video one of two ways, following the instructions provided below. Click the link below, or copy and paste the link, into a new tab, in your internet browser. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/death-by-fire/ (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.) PART 2: Video Reflection, Analysis and Submission Instructions Write a reflective analysis of crime, justice, and punishment under application of the Death Penalty, in Texas, based on the application of what you learned from Todd Willingham Case Video. Write an essay that addresses each of the prompt’s 2 components, Issue Position, and Explanation, and Application, outlined below Issue Position: First, Identify whether you are for, or against the use of the death penalty as a form of criminal punishment (there is NO right or wrong answer). Successful completion of this assignment, and its learning objective, require your compliance in identification or your personal position, and perspective, towards the issue of the death penalty. Responses are confidential and will be graded objectively, based on students independent, reflective analysis of their own individual personal perspectives, and application of the information. Explanation and Application Then, Discuss, and describe, the nature of the political debate, surrounding the issue of the death penalty, and explain how your personal position toward the issue has changed or been reinforced, with regard to the application to crime, punishment, and justice in Texas, based on what you learned from the movie.
Using the data you compiled under the Week 7 – Eco Moment (Dinner Data), discuss these questions: How do your data relate to air, water, and energy uses/abuses associated with the average American meal–is it greater or less than the average miles driven per day in a typical American car? If your meal included meat, dairy or eggs, be sure to discuss the water footprint of these items. How is carbon footprint impacted by plant-based vs. animal-based products? If your meal did not include animal products of any kind (vegan diet), discuss local alternatives for at least three main meal items. Visit the Center for Urban Education about Sustainable Agriculture to learn more about food mileage: https://cuesa.org/learn/how-far-does-your-food-travel-get-your-plate.
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