These questions should be answered
American Exceptionalism / Manifest Destiny. What exactly is the concept of American
Exceptionalism? What connection does it have to John Winthrop, the Declaration of
Independence, and the Gettysburg Address? If you want, show how the concept of Manifest
Destiny also fits into the picture. Lastly, how does this concept present itself in the 21st
The most important question is the last one
Answer one of the following questions. Your response should be six to eight pages of doublespaced, 12-point font. Your essay must draw on (1) the relevant sections in chapters 15 to 20 of Give Me Liberty and (2) at least three of the primary documents from Voices of Freedom. All sources must be properly cited (see the next page for a citation guide).
1. In the American South, the end of Reconstruction ushered in the Jim Crow legal and social order. In the period 1877-1932, what strategies did African Americans pursue in order to resist and/or adapt to the limits placed on their freedom? What were the competing visions of freedom among African Americans in this period? Which visions and strategies became more or less appealing over time, and why? In this essay, you should refer to the ideas and/or
activities of at least two of the following four leaders: (1) Booker T. Washington, (2) W.E.B. DuBois, (3) Ida B. Wells, (4) Marcus Garvey.
2. Describe and explain the development of American foreign policy between the end of the Civil War and 1920. What do you regard as the most important events, ideas and/or strategic aims that drove the United States toward an increased global role in this period? Would you describe American foreign policy during this era as expansionist? Or would you describe it as defensive?
3. American cities grew explosively in the early decades of the twentieth century. What were the most important factors that caused urban growth? How did the rise of urban life change American culture and politics? How did gender and race affect the experience of urban life? How did the transition from a predominately rural to a predominately urban society and economy change the idea of American freedom?
Module 4 – SLP
SECESSION, CIVIL WAR, AND RECONSTRUCTION
The Civil War
After reading the chapters from the background materials page and conducting further research on your own, answer the following short-answer questions:
At the outset of the Civil War, what advantages did both the North and the South have? How did their respective advantages affect the final outcome?
What was Lincolns position on secession? How did his position affect what happened at Fort Sumter? HINT: Along with the readings, take a look at the last lines of Lincolns first Inaugural address. Heres the site:
What were the effects of the war, both positive and negative?
SLP Assignment Expectations
Use concepts from the background readings as well as any academic resources you can find (Wikipedia-type sources are not acceptable). Please be sure to cite your sources within the text and provide a reference page at the end of the paper.
Length: 12 paragraphs per question, double-spaced, typed using 12 Point Times New Roman font.
The best way to approach this paper is to address each question in the order they are presented and number each one. All three questions have multiple elements, so make sure that you address each one. For example; begin by stating and addressing the first question. That can be followed by addressing the second part of the question.
The following items will be assessed in particular:
Your ability to apply the basic concepts to the questions.
Some in-text references to the background readings (APA formatting not required).
The essay should address each element of the assignment. Remember to support your answers with solid references including the background readings.
Upload your paper to the SLP 4 Dropbox when it is completed.
We cover a great deal of Canadian History in a very, very short period of time. It includes many important events and fascinating characters. Your paper this week will have you name one Canadian historical figure with whom you would like to have supper. Who would that be? Explain why you selected that person or group of people. What would you talk about and what questions would you ask them (aside from what it’s like to not be dead for a little bit!)? Two full pages, double-spaced
William Cronons Changes in the Land is a ground-breaking study of the impact of European
settlement on the environment and inhabitants of early New England. Cronons study reveals
that New Englands environment was hardly the unspoiled and pristine wilderness portrayed by
early European explorers and settlers. That regions Native American inhabitants had reshaped
New Englands environment long before the arrival of Europeans just as the unique character of
that environment directly influenced the lives, society and culture of those Native Americans.
Cronon also demonstrates how fundamental differences in the ways Native Americans and
Europeans conceived of the environment and their place in it would lead to decades of conflict
and change. Finally he shows the dramatic ways that European settlement changed New
Englands environment even more.
My purpose in assigning this book is fourfold: to give you a sense of the relationship between
environment and human existence; to provide a detailed look at the lives of Native Americans
both before European settlement and thereafter; to explore the relationship between Native
Americans and European settlers particularly in the light of their different views of the
environment; and finally, to demonstrate the dramatic impact of European settlement on the
environment of North America.
Although I am interested in what you think of this book, this paper is not a standard book review.
Rather it is to be a short research paper based entirely on your reading of Changes in the Land.
In reading the book and then writing your paper, you should be prepared to address the following
questions and topics.
1. Your opening paragraph should briefly address these two questions: In general, what is
this book about? What is Cronons thesis?
2. When Europeans first arrived in New England, what did they find? What were the most
important ways the New England environment differed from that of Europe? In what
ways did they find that environment to be of value to them?
3. Explain how the New England environment plants, animals, climate, topography-
accounted for the diversity found in the Indian tribes that lived there? For example, how
does it explain why northern New England tribes differed from those in southern New
England? What were those differences? In what ways did the New England environment
shape or influence the development of the lifestyles and society of the tribes that lived
there? How did Indians shape and manipulate the environment to fit their lifestyles?
4. Describe the respective roles of men and women in Indian society.
5. The Indian view of property and land possession differed significantly from that of
Europeans. Briefly discuss how the Indians viewed property and the possession of land.
How did the Europeans views on those subjects lead them to be critical of the Indian
way of life and to justify their taking of Indian land?
6. Discuss the impact of European diseases on Indian populations and society. Why were
the Indians so susceptible to these diseases? In what ways did disease change and
devastate Indian society?
7. How did the European conquest of New England dramatically alter its environment? In
particular, discuss how the European demand for certain plant and animal products
change the character of that environment. How did European farming practices affect
New Englands environment? Your discussion should include two key examples cited by
8. What did you think of the book? Would you recommend it? Why or why not?
1. Use the above questions/topics as your paper outline and answer them in the order they
2. Use some common sense in how much you write for each topic. Some topics will require
more extensive coverage than others.
3. Although I dont grade in terms of the length of the paper, under most circumstances I
would expect a paper somewhere within the range of 4-5 pages. As a general rule, it is
better to write more than less but please do not turn in a paper larger than 5 pages.
4. The paper must be typed using a standard word processing program, double-spaced using
normal-sized fonts (11 or 12) and margins.
5. You MUST cite your sources. Your paper must have a Works Cited page attached
and you must correctly cite any material directly or indirectly from the work.
Failure to properly cite the material will result in a substantially lower grade.
6. The best grades will go to papers that have discussed each topic/question completely, are
well-organized and well-written and follow directions. Points will be deducted for
excessive grammatical and/or typographical errors so be sure that you proofread before
turning it in.
7. Be careful about plagiarism. If you quote anything from the book, use quotation marks
and cite the page number. If you use other sources, identify those sources and use
quotation marks and page numbers as appropriate. Failure to do this could result in a
grade of 0 for the assignment or, in serious cases, failure of the course.
8. Make and keep a copy of your paper.
9. You dont need a separate title page, but on the first page of this paper you should put
your name and the author and title of the book.
Lucy Parsons, On Women and Revolutionary Socialism (Chapter 16)
**All documents can be found in the American Yawp Reader, volume II**
Read and analyze ONE of the following primary sources related to a particular historical period or event
from the list on the second page. After reading the source, write an analysis of the source and how it helps
us to better understand the events of the past.
Use the following questions to help guide the writing of your primary source analysis:
1. What is the document about?
2. Why was the document written?
3. Who is the author? OR Who are the authors?
4. When was the source written?
5. What was happening during the time it was written/created (the historical context)? This
information will come from the textbook chapters and supplemental materials.
6. How does the time that it was written/created help us understand the authors perspective?
7. How does the sources bias affect our understanding of history? The authors bias could be their
job; relationship to the event (directly affected or bystander); position in society (i.e.
wealthy/middle class individual or poor/working class?); political affiliation; etc.
This assignment should be written like a formal essay with an introduction and thesis statement, body
paragraphs, and a conclusion.
Primary Source Analysis Guidelines
1. Your primary source analysis should make an argument (thesis statement) about how your source
relates to the historical events it is responding to and the time period when it was created. The
thesis statement should appear at the end of your introduction.
2. You should provide direct evidence from the source you choose to support your argument.
Paraphrasing and summarizing is okay. Avoid using more than two or three direct quotes. Cite
your sources using the same in-text citation format you have been using in your online
discussions (Chapter title, section number) and/or (Video title).
3. Your paper should be three to four pages, typed, doubled spaced, in 12-point Times New
Roman font, with one-inch margins. Please make sure you include a heading on the first page
with your name, course number, and title of your paper (your title should be creative and reflect
your argument). Points will be taken off if you do not follow the formatting directions.
4. You DO NOT need to do any outside research for this assignment. notes from the American
Yawp online textbook and supplemental materials should provide enough context to answer the
How powerful is a state? How powerful should it be? These questions have been debated since the Revolution. Under the Articles of Confederation, we saw states with significantly higher power than the national government; there was an attempt at more balance in the Constitution. Yet the debate over the power of each level of government continued to be debated, and this debate formed some of the reasoning behind having a Bill of Rights, led to the formation of our two political parties, and formed the basis of many of our conflicts in U.S. history. In the Federalist Era, we saw James Madison and Thomas Jefferson write the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, in reaction to the Alien and Sedition Acts; their work outlined their beliefs of where national law overreached and states should be able to counter that law. And in the Age of Jackson, we see the issue arise again in relation to the tariffs.
For this essay, you will need to craft a 1000 word, 5-paragraph essay (feel free to craft more than 5 paragraphs).
You ***must*** include and address the The Kentucky Resolutions ( and South Carolina Exposition and Protest. This is a required part of the assignment.
You will also need to review the U.S. Constitution and arguments in support of it.
Here is a link where you can access the Federalist Papers (written in the 1780s in order to convince Americans to support the new Constitution):
Here is a link to Letters from The Federal Farmer, these letters were written in opposition to the adoption of the U.S. Constitution:
Do not use additional internet sources without approval.
Prompt/Question: Should state governments have more powerful than the national government, or should the national government be more powerful?
Take a position on state power versus national power. In other words, should state governments or the national government have more power? Your thesis should answer this question. Your thesis roadmap should provide 3 support points (taken course readings/material, the above primary sources, and the Constitution) that support your argument. Refer to the above documents AND the U.S. Constitution when making your argument. You may use all sources we have covered all ready for this assignment. ***In addition, you must compare/contrast the Kentucky Resolutions and the South Carolina Exposition in several places in your paper.
1. Your introduction should explore the basic argument of state powers versus national powers. You may want to turn to the Constitution itself to find material.
2. In your support paragraphs, address the three points in your roadmap (remember, your topic sentences should reflect those points). Use the Resolutions and the Exposition and Protest to make your point (argue against for for). Remember to explain/explore the historical context of the documents. This is important, as they were written 30 years apart.
3. Write a conclusion that answers whether a state should have the ability to nullify a national law, and if so, under what circumstances? If not, why not? This last paragraph will be your opinion but remember do not use I in any form. State your opinion as if it were fact.
Please do not simply compare/contrast. Take a position (based on the prompt) and argue it.
General Instructions (see the checklist for more requirements):
1. Do not plagiarize. All phrases taken word-for-word from a document must be surrounded with quotation marks and followed by an in-text citation. In addition, you must include that source on your Works Cited page. If you paraphrase anything, you should follow that section with an in-text citation. Do not change every third or fourth word of someone elses writing in order to complete this assignment.
2. Use at least (3) primary sources (The Kentucky Resolutions, The South Carolina Exposition and Protest, and the U.S. Constitution). The best essays will include additional sources (see above). Remember, primary sources are sources created at the time of the event or by someone who experienced the event. The use of these sources must followed by an in-text citation and be included on your Works Cited.
3. Do not use internet sources. If you need to do outside research, you may use library books or academic articles found through Galileo. These sources must be listed on the Works Cited, and you must include in-text citations after the information you’ve taken from the source.
4. Include a Works Cited Page. Your Works Cited page should have a minimum of 4 sources: the 3 primary sources listed above and the textbook. Cite all quotes and references to specific ideas and data. Citations on your Works Cited page MUST be in proper form that conforms with the citation standard you pick. You may use any FORMAL citation method. For help citing work and creating a work cited page, consult a librarian or visit:
5. You must include at least (9) concrete and specific examples (the names of people, places, events or ideas). This is the bare minimum number of specific examples and may earn you a C at best. You can take these examples from the textbook, primary sources, or other sources on the course website.
6. Papers with less than 1000 words will be penalized. Your Works Cited page does not count towards the 1000 required words.
7. Citations should be formatted according to the MLA guidelines (if you want to use APA or Chicago, check with me first), including both in-text and your Works Cited page. Guidelines for MLA can be found using the Purdue Owl or you can reference the Citation Help.pdf from the Start Here Module of the course.
8. Essays should be typed in 12-point font with a simple, clean font such as Times New Roman or Arial. Use 1-inch margins on all sides and double-space the text. Your essay should be a minimum of 1000 words.
9. Successful essays should be carefully organized, with strong thesis statements and specific evidentiary support. Your introduction should include a clear statement of what you will argue in the essay (thesis statements are never questions). The body of the essay will include at least three paragraphs (though you can write more with this assignment, you will want four body paragraphs) that analyze and evaluate the idea of nullification. Conclude by discussing the key conclusion you reached and why (remember not to use the first person in formal academic essays).
10. Be sure to revise and edit carefully. In addition, make sure to download and use the essay checklist before submitting your essay.
Feel free to use the below guidelines when constructing your essay.
P1. Include an introductory paragraph (length: 6-8 sentences).
This should include:
Topic sentence. This sentence will give the reader a specific idea of the subject/topic of the essay. It should set the context of the paper.
1-2 more sentences expanding upon the context. For example, if youre writing about the American Revolution, include a couple of sentences talking about the events leading up to it.
c. Thesis statement. Your thesis should be clear, concise, statement
about the relationship between state power and national power.
It should have a clear (and specific) argument. For this assignment, it
a good thesis would be one that takes a stance on whether or not a
state should have the ability to nullify a national law. This will be the
subject of your final paragraph, too.
For example, if your prompt is: What caused the American Civil War, a good argument would be: The Civil War was caused by a debate over the expansion of slavery across North America.
A poor thesis statement would be: The Civil War was an important event in American history. This thesis is broad/vague.
Another poor thesis statement would be: The Civil War was caused by social, cultural, and political factors. These factors are too broad, and the argument is unfocused.
Note: Avoid including an A, B, and C component in your thesis statement. Save those points for a roadmap.
A roadmap sentence that outlines how you will argue your thesis statement. This sentence may follow an a, b, and c formula. All elements (a, b, and c) should support and be directly relevant to the prompt and the 5 main tasks of the assignment. Your roadmap should be independent of your thesis. Remember, too, the topic sentences of your main support paragraphs *must* reflect the 3 points in your roadmap. They should also be in the same order.
A good roadmap sentence for the prompt on the causes of the Civil War would be: Most important in this debate over the expansion of slavery was the question of the balance of power in the U.S. Congress, human rights abuses of slaves, and religious ideas about the morality of slavery. This roadmap is specific, and all points support the good thesis above.
A poor thesis would be Points related to the expansion of slavery are social, political, and economic. These support points are too broad. Your argument would be unfocused.
P2-P4. Include at least (3) body paragraphs (length: 6-10 sentences or more for each paragraph). This is a recommendation. You may have more than 3 body paragraphs. *Note: paragraphs should not be more than 3/4th of a page double spaced. *
Body paragraphs should include:
Topic sentence. Your topic sentence should give the reader a specific sense of what the body paragraph is about. Be direct and concise. In the case of this assignment, topic sentences should be relatable back to one of the 5 main tasks you must achieve in the essay. Remember, your topic sentences should reflect the points in your roadmap. For example, the first point in your roadmap should be the subject of your first support paragraph and of its topic sentence.
A good example for a topic sentence on the causes of the American Civil War would be: The question of the balance of power in the U.S. Congress caused political conflict between the North and the South.
A concrete and specific example under each topic sentence. Use an example related to your topic sentence (and the essay tasks/primary sources).
Introduce an example from the textbook or primary source. A simple factual statement or a brief quotation is okay.
Interpret the example/primary source. Analyze it. Find something insightful to say.
Explain the relevance of the example/primary source to your overall argument. Explicitly tie/relate back to thesis, if need be.
Another example, if you want.
Introduce example/primary source. A simple factual statement is okay.
Interpret example/primary source. Analyze here. Find something insightful to say.
Explain relevance of example/primary source to overall argument. Explicitly tie back to thesis, if need be.
Wrap up/Conclude paragraph (maybe two sentences). Craft a sentence to explain relevance of your examples/primary sources to your thesis. You should also transition to the next paragraph.
For example, The question of the balance of power in the U.S. Congress was closely related to outrage over human rights abuses of slaves. (Outrage over the human rights abuses of slaves should be the subject of the next support paragraph.)
P5. Include a conclusion (length: 6 to 8 sentences you may need to exceed this limit for this assignment).
This should include:
A restatement of your thesis (in different words)
Sum up your argument and evidence and tie everything together – you may revisit your main points and explain why they are important (3-4 sentences)
A statement of why this topic, question, and your argument is important (1-2 sentences)
Question for Discussion 1 Hesiods Theogony
Hesiod, who along with Homer, is credited with writing some of the earliest Greek poetry (c. 8th century BCE). His Theogony or Birth of the Gods is the story of the Greek gods. Its origins are oral in nature stories told by poets and it only was written down centuries later. The oral nature of the poetry thus means that it included many layers in its telling, making it both rich and succinct. You may find the need to look up (or google) some of the names or terms and you will find your understanding deepen when you do so.
As a historian, we can explore this document in a number of ways. First, we can readwhat it says about the cosmology (origin and development of the universe) of the early Greeks. Second, we can examine what the roles of various gods were and how they acted out. Third, we can look at the warfare that the gods employed and think further on what it might have meant for the Greeks of the day. Fourth, we can look at how the gods social relationships played out and what that might have said about the Greek people. Fifth, we can examine how gender works in the poem and extrapolate what this might have meant for actual Greek men or women.
For this discussion, follow up on one of the suggestions above OR choose some other aspect in the poem that you find intriguing.
For your main post, write 3-4 paragraphs about this, and add a last paragraph on whether you see any connections with our own world today. (If you dont see similarities, you can always point out contrasts.)Use your textbook for background context of the Greek world and civilization, and you must include quotations from Theogony as evidence backing up your argument. I would suggest at least one quote per paragraph, although two or three (especially when short) is perfectly acceptable.
Finally, you will need to respond to at least 4 of your classmates main posts. Your comments of about 2-3 sentences should extend their discussion. If you find something interesting mentioned by your classmate, dont hesitate to take them up on the discussion!
1. Discuss the causes and events of the Seven Years War. Why was it
considered to be a world war and how did this come about? Who
were the main individuals and nations involved in the fighting? Why
did each side believe they had to fight in this worldwide conflict? How
would this war lead ultimately to the American Revolution?
TEXT: America a narrative history, Tindall, Chapters 4-6
Please support your argument with examples drawn from
the text and lectures. Please give me the who, what, where, and when of
the question. Length: 10 paragraphs, minimum. This is the minimum
you should attempt to turn in but the best grades go to students who
produce substantially longer essays. Please be aware of this fact.
Research landmark U.S. Supreme Court cases that addressed civil liberties.
Choose one for the basis of this assignment.
Summarize the details of the case.
Explain how the Bill of Rights addressed the facts of the case.
Explain the outcome of the case. Discuss whether you think the court’s ruling was correct.
Cite 2 peer-reviewed, scholarly, or similar references to support your assignment.
Format your assignment as one of the following:
18- to 20-slide presentation with detailed speaker notes
Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.
Submit your assignment. If you submit the paper, please upload your Microsoft® Word document into the assignment submission link.
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